Sutter County, California


Sutter County, California
County of Sutter
—  County  —

Seal
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
Country  United States
State  California
Region Sacramento Valley
Metro area Sacramento metropolitan area
Incorporated 1850
County seat Yuba City
Area
 – Total 1,576.2 km2 (608.58 sq mi)
 – Land 1,560.6 km2 (602.54 sq mi)
 – Water 15.6 km2 (6.04 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 – Total 94,737
 – Density 60.1/km2 (155.7/sq mi)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 – Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Website www.co.sutter.ca.us

Sutter County is a county located along the Sacramento River in the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California, north of state capital Sacramento. Sutter County is part of the Greater Sacramento CSA.

As of 2010 its population was 94,737. The county seat is Yuba City.

Contents

History

Sutter County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county were given to Placer County in 1852.

Sutter County is named after one of the state’s more engaging and complex historical personalities, and an agricultural visionary. John Augustus Sutter, a German native born to Swiss parents, was one of the first to recognize the Sacramento Valley for its potential as an agricultural empire, and his Hock Farm, established in 1841 on the Feather River just south of present-day Yuba City, was the site of the valley’s first large agricultural enterprise.

Sutter obtained the Rancho New Helvetia Mexican land grant, and called his first settlement New Helvetia (which included the present day city of Sacramento). In 1850, Sutter retired to Hock Farm when gold seekers deprived him of most of his holdings at Sacramento.

Sutter County is the birthplace (Yuba City, 1858) of John Joseph Montgomery, who was the first American to successfully pilot a heavier than air craft, 20 years before the Wright Brothers, and who held the first patent for an "aeroplane."

In the 1890s Sutter County was one of the two prohibition counties in California; the other was Riverside County. Both outlawed saloons and sale or consumption of alcohol in public.[1]

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 608.58 square miles (1,576.2 km2), of which 602.54 square miles (1,560.6 km2) (or 99.01%) is land and 6.04 square miles (15.6 km2) (or 0.99%) is water.[2] Some 88 percent of the county is prime farmland and grazing land.

Sutter County is home to the Sutter Buttes, known as the "World's Smallest Mountain Range." This volcanic formation provides relief to the otherwise seemingly flat Sacramento Valley. For further information about the Sutter Buttes go to [1]

Bordered by the Sacramento River on the west and the Feather River on the east, Sutter County has 240 miles (390 km) of levees. The Sutter Bypass, which diverts flood waters from the Sacramento River, cuts through the heart of Sutter County.

Cities and towns

Incorporated cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

  • Catlett
  • Kirkville
  • Lee
  • Pleasant Grove
  • Riego
  • Rio Ramaza
  • Verona

Proposed town

  • Sutter Pointe

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Butte Sink National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Sutter National Wildlife Refuge

Transportation infrastructure

Major highways

Public transportation

Yuba Sutter Transit operates local bus service, as well as commuter runs to Downtown Sacramento.

Airports

Sutter County Airport is a general aviation airport located just south of Yuba City.

Politics

Sutter County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 57.5% 18,911 40.8% 13,412 2.1% 698
2004 67.2% 20,254 31.9% 9,602 1.0% 289
2000 65.3% 17,350 31.7% 8,416 3.0% 798
1996 57.6% 14,264 34.4% 8,504 8.0% 1,977
1992 50.1% 12,956 30.5% 7,883 19.4% 5,021
1988 67.5% 14,100 31.1% 6,557 1.2% 241
1984 71.2% 14,477 27.2% 5,535 1.5% 311
1980 63.5% 11,778 27.5% 5,103 9.0% 1,676
1976 54.2% 8,745 43.2% 6,966 2.6% 420
1972 62.5% 10,224 33.0% 5,409 4.5% 739
1968 59.8% 8,665 31.8% 4,624 8.6% 1,256
1964 51.6% 7,241 48.3% 6,787 0.1% 16
1960 62.9% 7,520 36.6% 4,379 0.5% 55
1956 62.8% 6,327 36.5% 3,673 0.8% 77
1952 67.3% 7,053 32.3% 3,382 0.4% 44
1948 52.5% 3,913 45.1% 3,362 2.5% 183
1944 50.0% 3,111 49.5% 3,083 0.5% 29
1940 42.1% 3,089 57.1% 4,195 0.8% 61
1936 28.1% 1,613 70.0% 4,019 1.9% 106
1932 25.7% 1,392 70.4% 3,807 3.8% 208
1928 54.0% 2,239 45.2% 1,875 0.8% 34
1924 49.9% 1,617 11.3% 367 38.8% 1,255
1920 70.3% 1,862 24.0% 636 5.7% 150

Sutter is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Franklin Roosevelt in 1940. Sutter is part of California's 2nd congressional district, which is held by Republican Wally Herger. In the state legislature Sutter is in the 2nd Assembly district, which is held by Republican Jim Nielsen, and the 4th Senate district, which is held by Republican Doug LaMalfa.

On November 4, 2008, Sutter County voted 70.7 % for Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.

Demographics

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Sutter County had a population of 94,737. The racial makeup of Sutter County was 57,749 (61.0%) White, 1,919 (2.0%) African American, 1,365 (1.4%) Native American, 13,663 (14.4%) Asian, 281 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 14,463 (15.3%) from other races, and 5,297 (5.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27,251 persons (28.8%).[3]

Population reported at 2010 United States Census
The County
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Sutter County 94,737 57,749 1,919 1,365 13,663 281 14,463 5,297 27,251
Incorporated
cities
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Live Oak 8,392 4,491 138 130 978 17 2,173 465 4,093
Yuba City 64,925 37,382 1,591 909 11,190 228 9,772 3,853 18,413
Census-designated
places
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
East Nicolaus 225 159 0 1 19 0 41 5 49
Meridian 358 268 2 7 0 0 58 23 85
Nicolaus 211 186 1 0 5 0 10 9 13
Rio Oso 356 274 5 7 26 1 32 11 53
Robbins 323 208 0 9 5 0 94 7 181
Sutter 2,904 2,503 16 54 30 1 160 140 410
Trowbridge 226 167 3 5 25 0 15 11 38
Unincorporated
communities
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
All others not CDPs (combined) 16,817 12,111 163 243 1,385 34 2,108 773 3,916

2000

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 78,930 people, 27,033 households, and 19,950 families residing in the county. The population density was 131 people per square mile (51/km²). There were 28,319 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 67.52% White, 1.91% Black or African American, 1.55% Native American, 11.26% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 12.96% from other races, and 4.60% from two or more races. 22.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 10.3% were of German, 9.0% American, 7.1% English and 6.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 70.3% spoke English, 17.9% Spanish and 9.3% Punjabi as their first language.

There were 27,033 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.00% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,375, and the median income for a family was $44,330. Males had a median income of $35,723 versus $25,778 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,428. About 12.1% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Media

MySYtv.com provides television coverage of local events in the area.

See also

California Central Valley county map.svg California Central Valley portal

References

  1. ^ Berkeley Gazette, 1905. July 28
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau. http://www2.census.gov/census_2010/01-Redistricting_File--PL_94-171/California/. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 39°02′N 121°41′W / 39.04°N 121.69°W / 39.04; -121.69


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