- William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus
name =William Douglas
title =Earl of Angus
predecessor ="New Creation"
William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus
Princess Mary of Scotland
William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus
royal house =
royal anthem =
George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus
Princess Mary of Scotland
date of birth =1398
place of birth =
date of death =1437
place of death =Tantallon
date of burial =
place of burial =|
William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus (c. 1398 – 1437), was a Scottish nobleman and soldier. The son of
George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angusand Princess Mary of Scotland, he was a grandson of King Robert III.
The story of Angus' life is interwoven with that of his uncle and King,
James I of Scotland.
Angus was born about 1398 at
Tantallon Castlein East Lothian. He inherited the Earldom of Angus in 1402, following his father's death of the plague whilst in English captivity, following the Battle of Homildon Hill.
Return of King James
In 1420, Angus was nominated as one of twenty-one noblemen to be delivered as hostages to the English court as security for the ransom of King James I. James had been captured by the English in 1406, and was held by first
Henry IV of England, and latterly by his son Henry V of England. During the king's captivity, Scotland was ruled by his uncle Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, who had been in no hurry to pay his nephew's ransom. Following the death of Albany,in 1420 the Scots finally paid the ransom monies owed. Whatever the machinations that followed, Angus was not included on the final list of hostages, but was one of the party of Scots nobles who met their King at Durham, in 1424. The King was escorted triumphally back to Scotland, and Angus received a Knighthoodfrom the King at his coronation at Scone Abbeyon the 2 June of that year.
In 1425, a purge took place of the Albany Stewarts and their adherents. The trial which followed at
Stirling Castle, included Angus amongst a large faction of Douglas nobles within the jury. Facing execution were, Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany,his two sons Alaisdair and Walter, and the Earl of Lennox. The widowed Duchess of Albany, was held a close prisoner at Tantallon under the supervision of Angus for eight years.
In 1429, King James went north to deal with the ever troublesome
Lord of the Isles. Alexander of Islay, Earl of Ross. This in response to Alexander and his islemen's burning of Inverness. Angus was a captain in the Royal army and when Islay finally submitted to the King at Holyrood he was entrusted to the keeping of Angus at Tantallon for two years.
Warden of the Marches
In 1430 Angus was sent on embassy to England as one of the commissioners to negotiate an extension of the truce with the newly crowned
Henry VI of Englandwhich was prolonged for five years. Later in that year was constituted as the Warden of the Middle March. In 1435 Angus led a troop of men to invest Dunbar Castle. The castellan, George II, Earl of March, had previously been made a ward of the King, and the garrison surrendered the castle bloodlessly.
Dunbar castle was then held of the King by Angus and
Sir Adam Hepburnof Hailes.
Dunbar fled to England calling for help in regaining Dunbar castle by force of arms. This help materialised in the spring of 1435 when
Sir Robert Ogle, the Governor of Berwick upon Tweed, with Henry Percy and 4000 men marched north to retake the Castle. Angus , with Hepburn and Alexander Ramsayof Dalhousie, decided not to undergo a siege and engaged with the English forces at the Battle of Piperdean, near to Coldstream. This encounter resulted in defeat for the English but with little loss of life. Fifteen hundred prisoners were taken and ransomed.
Angus continued to consolidate his estates, often at the expense of his cousins the Black Douglases, taking positions and fortresses previously held by the Earls of Douglas, such as Lintalee and finally
Hermitage Castlefor a time. Following the assassination of his Uncle, King James in February 1437, Angus was instrumental in the pursuit and capture of the conspirators. These included, Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, a great uncle of Angus himself. Angus died in the October of the same year, aged thirty-nine.
Marriage and issue
Angus' mother remarried in 1409 to
Sir James Kennedyyounger of Dunure. It is thought that around this time that Angus was betrothed through negotiations by his grandmother, Margaret Stewart, 4th Countess of Angus, to Margaret Hay, daughter of Sir William Hay of Yester. They married in 1425 and they had five children:
James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus
George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus
William Douglas of Cluny
Rectorof St. Andrews
*Helen Douglas, m. 1st.
Patrick Graham, 2nd Lord Graham2nd. James Ogilvy, 1st Lord Ogilvy of Airlie
Latterly, Angus' sister, Lady Elizabeth Douglas, would marry his brother in law, Sir David Hay of Yester. Through their son
John Hay, 1st Lord Hay of Yesterthey are the ancestors of the Marquesses of Tweeddale
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
William Douglas, 10th Earl of Angus — (1552 – March 3, 1611), was the son of William, the 9th Earl (1533 1591). He was a direct descendant of King James I through his paternal grandmother, Lady Agnes Keith, a daughter of William Keith, 3rd Earl Marischal.He studied at St. Andrews… … Wikipedia
William Douglas, 9th Earl of Angus — William Douglas, 9th Earl of Angus, (d. July 1, 1591, at Glenbervie) was a Scottish nobleman and zealous supporter of Mary Queen of Scots.He was the eldest son of Sir Archibald Douglas of Glenbervie, Knt., by his spouse Agnes, daughter of William … Wikipedia
William Douglas, 2nd Lord Mordington — (September 27,1626 after 1671) was the eldest son and heir of Sir James Douglas, 1st Lord Mordington (d.1656) by his spouse Anne, daughter of Lawrence Oliphant, 5th Lord Oliphant.In the first parliament of King Charles II in Edinburgh in January… … Wikipedia
William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas — Infobox Monarch name =William Douglas title =Earl of Douglas caption =Seal of the 1st Earl of Douglas reign = coronation = othertitles =Earl of Mar Lord of Liddesdale predecessor = New Creation successor =James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas… … Wikipedia
George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus — Infobox Monarch name =George Douglas title =Earl of Angus caption = reign = coronation = othertitles = predecessor = New Creation successor =William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus married =Princess Mary of Scotland issue =William Douglas, 2nd Earl of … Wikipedia
George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus — George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus, Lord Douglas, Abernethy and Jedburgh Forest (1429 1462) was a Scottish Nobleman. He was the son of William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus and Margaret Hay of Yester. He succeeded to the Earldom at the age of 16,… … Wikipedia
James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus — Infobox Monarch name =James Douglas title =Earl of Angus caption = reign = coronation = othertitles =Lord Abernethy Lord Bonkyll Preston Lord Jedburgh Forest predecessor =William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus successor =George Douglas, 4th Earl of… … Wikipedia
David Douglas, 7th Earl of Angus — (died 1558) was the son of George Douglas of Pittendreich and Elizabeth Douglas of the Pittendriech family. David married Elizabeth Hamilton, daughter of John Hamilton of Samuelston, sometimes called Clydesdale John, who was a brother of Regent… … Wikipedia
Archibald Douglas, 8th Earl of Angus — and 5th Earl of Morton (1555 1588), was the son of David, 7th earl. He succeeded to the title and estates in 1558, being brought up by his uncle, James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, a Presbyterian.In 1573 he was made a Privy Councillor and Sheriff … Wikipedia
William Douglas — may refer to:Earlsof Douglas*William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas (c.1327 1384) *William Douglas, 6th Earl of Douglas (1425 1440) *William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas (1425 1452)of Angus*William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus (c. 1398 1437) *William … Wikipedia