- H. Cegielski - Poznań S.A.
H. Cegielski - Poznań S.A. is a well-known Polish manufacturing company from the city of
Poznań. The company is locally known as "Ceglorz", and since 1923 has also used the HCP symbol.
The company was founded by
Hipolit Cegielskiin 1846 in Poznań. It grew from a small workshop in the Hotel Bazarto a large factory, first fixing and later building agriculturalmechanical tools and vehicles, steam tractors, steam locomotives and railroad cars, trams and militaryequipment. In 1869 the company was already producing its own steam engines and had over 300 workers.
In 1880 Hipolit's son,
Stefan Cegielski, renamed the company to Factory of Agricultural Machines and Equipment H. Cegielski in Poznań ("Fabryka Machin i Urządzeń Rolniczych H. Cegielski w Poznaniu"). In 1889 it was transformed from a family businessinto a privately held companyand the name changed to H. Cegielski Stock Company in Poznań ("H. Cegielski Towarzystwo Akcyjne w Poznaniu"). The company was constantly growing, employing 490 people in 1917, 990 in 1920 and over 5000 in 1923, although the Great Crisisforced it to downsize and slow production. In the late 1930s the company also branched into producing military equipment (artillery guns and anti-aircraft search lights).
During the Second World War the company was confiscated and turned over to
Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabrikenand Cegielski's factories were used to produce various equipment for the German war machine.
After the war, the
communistgovernment of the People's Republic of Poland, renamed (in 1953) the company to "Joseph Stalin Metal Works in Poznań" ("Zakłady Metalowe im. Józefa Stalina w Poznaniu", "ZISPO"). In 1956 the strike actionwhich began at Cegielski's factory and several other major factories in Poznań led to the first of massive protests against the communist government, known as the Poznań 1956 protests. After the protests and the resulting political thaw the company regained its original name: H. Cegielski Metal Industry Complex in Poznań, National Enterprise ("Zakłady Przemysłu Metalowego H. Cegielski w Poznaniu, Przedsiębiorstwo Państwowe"). In the 1950s the company also stopped producing steam engines, instead acquiring Western licences for ship engines.
fall of communism, Cegielski became a joint stock company. Currently it has several international certificates ( ISO 9001, ISO 14001). In 1994 it received a Golden Medal during the Poznań International Fair.
*"Dzieje Poznania" tom 2 cz. 1 i 2; ed.
Jerzy Topolskiand Lech Trzeciakowski, PWN, Warszawa-Poznań 1994 i 1998
*"Kronika miasta Poznania", "Wilda, dzielnica Poznania 1253-1939", Magdalena Mrugalska - Banaszak, Wydawnictwo Miejskie, Poznań 1999
*"Wielkopolski Słownik Biograficzny" wyd. II, ed. Antoni Gąsiorowski and Jerzy Topolski, PWN, Warszawa-Poznań 1983
* [http://www.hcp.com.pl/eindex.html English homepage]
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