- Nevada County, California
County of Nevada — County —
United States Country United States State California Region Sierra Nevada, Greater Sacramento Incorporated 1851 County seat Nevada City Area – Total 974 sq mi (2,522.6 km2) – Land 957 sq mi (2,478.6 km2) – Water 17 sq mi (44 km2) Population (2010) – Total 98,764 – Density 101.4/sq mi (39.2/km2) Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8) – Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7) Website www.mynevadacounty.com
- 1 History
- 2 Geography and ecology
- 3 Cities and towns
- 4 Transportation Infrastructure
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Politics
- 7 Noted residents
- 8 Books
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Nevada County was created in 1851 from parts of Yuba County.
Nevada City was the first to use the word "Nevada" as its name. In 1851 the newly formed Nevada County mimicked the name. The State of Nevada used the name 10 years later in 1861. The region came to life in the gold rush of 1849. Many historical sites remain to mark the birth of this important region in California's formative years. Among them are the Nevada Theatre in Nevada City, the oldest theater built in California in the year of 1865. It operates to this day and once hosted Mark Twain among other historical figures. The old 5-mile (8.0 km) house stagecoach stop built in 1890, also operates to this day as a provider of hospitality spanning three centuries. This historical site still features "The stagecoach safe" that is on display outside the present day restaurant and is the source of many legends of stagecoach robbers and notorious highwaymen in the California gold rush era. The gold industry in Nevada County thrived into the post WWII days.
The county had many firsts and historic technological moments. The first long-distance telephone in the world, built in 1877 by the Ridge Telephone Company, connected French Corral with French Lake, 58 miles (93 km) away. It was operated by the Milton Mining Company from a building on this site that had been erected about 1853. The Pelton wheel, designed to power gold mines, still drives hydro-electric generators today. Nevada City and Grass Valley were among the first California towns with electric lights. The Olympics, NASA, and virtually every television station around the country utilizes video/broadcasting equipment designed and manufactured by Grass Valley Group, founded in Grass Valley. Electronic medical dosing equipment was first developed and manufactured in Nevada County. The first commercially viable picture-phone was developed in Nevada City. More than fifty high tech and applied tech companies, and more than one thousand hardware and software design and development professionals call Nevada County home. The county is sometimes referred to as the "Silicon Valley of the Sierras." The arcade video game was born in Nevada County, with Pong.
The Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad was built in 1876, and was the only railroad in the West that was never robbed, even though its primary freight was gold. (Builder-owner John Flint Kidder's reputation made it clear that he would personally hunt down and kill anyone who tried.) The rail line closed in 1942 and was torn up for scrap.
The Community of Rough and Ready seceded from the Union for a time and became the Great Republic of Rough and Ready.
Geography and ecology
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 974.49 square miles (2,523.9 km2), of which 957.61 square miles (2,480.2 km2) (or 98.27%) is land and 16.88 square miles (43.7 km2) (or 1.73%) is water.
The western part of the county is defined by the course of several rivers and the irregular boundaries of adjoining counties. When the county was created, the founders wanted to include access to the transcontinental railroad, so a rectangular section was added that includes the railroad town of Truckee. What is remarkable about this is that the final shape of the county closely resembles the Deringer pocket pistol, a favorite at the time of the more urbane residents of this gold rush county.
The county has substantial areas of forest, grassland, savanna, riparian area and other ecosystems. Forests include both coniferous as well as oak dominated woodland types. There are also numerous understory forbs and wildflowers including the Yellow Mariposa Lily (Calochortus luteus).
National protected areas
- Tahoe National Forest (part)
- Toiyabe National Forest (part)
Cities and towns
Cities over 10,000 population
Cities under 10,000 population
Towns over 10,000 population
Towns under 10,000 population
- Alta Sierra - a subdivision
- Anthony house - Nisenan Indian territory
- Blue Tent
- Cedar Ridge
- Cherokee Township
- Chicago Park
- French Corral
- Lake City
- Lake of the Pines - a gated subdivision
- Lake Wildwood - a gated subdivision
- Malakoff Diggins
- Moore's Flat
- Nevada City
- Nevada City Rancheria - Nisenan Indian government settlement area
- North Bloomfield
- North Columbia
- North San Juan
- Ophir Hill
- Penn Valley
- Pleasant Valley
- Ready Springs
- Rough and Ready
- Soda Springs
- Sunset District
- You Bet
- Placer County, California - south
- Yuba County, California - west
- Sierra County, California - north
- Washoe County, Nevada - east
Nevada County is one of four counties in the United States to border a state with which it shares a name (the other three counties are Texas County, Oklahoma, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, and Ohio County, West Virginia).
- Gold Country Stage runs bus service in Grass Valley, Nevada City, Cedar Ridge and Colfax. A connection is available between Grass Valley and Auburn (Placer County).
- Tahoe Area Rapid Transit, operated by Placer County, has a route connecting Truckee with Lake Tahoe and the state of Nevada. Truckee also has its own local bus service.
- Greyhound and Amtrak stop in Truckee and Colfax.
Nevada County Air Park is a general aviation airport located just east of Grass Valley.
Truckee Tahoe Airport is a general aviation airport in Truckee, partially in Nevada County and partially in Placer County.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Nevada County had a population of 98,764. The racial makeup of Nevada County was 90,233 (91.4%) White, 389 (0.4%) African American, 1,044 (1.1%) Native American, 1,187 (1.2%) Asian, 110 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 2,678 (2.7%) from other races, and 3,123 (3.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8,439 persons (8.5%).
Population reported at 2010 United States Census The County Total
(of any race)
Nevada County 98,764 90,233 389 1,044 1,187 110 2,678 3,123 8,439 Incorporated
cities and towns
(of any race)
Grass Valley 12,860 11,493 46 208 188 9 419 497 1,341 Nevada City 3,068 2,837 26 28 46 0 40 91 205 Truckee 16,180 13,992 60 95 241 15 1,431 346 3,016 Census-designated
(of any race)
Alta Sierra 6,911 6,436 18 55 73 9 122 198 488 Floriston 73 67 0 4 0 0 0 2 0 Graniteville 11 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kingvale‡ 141 133 1 1 0 1 2 3 6 Lake of the Pines 3,917 3,669 5 20 65 7 24 127 246 Lake Wildwood 4,991 4,726 17 46 56 10 32 104 272 North San Juan 269 224 1 12 11 0 0 21 9 Penn Valley 1,621 1,434 9 34 23 0 31 90 143 Rough and Ready 963 886 3 6 16 6 11 35 56 Soda Springs 81 79 0 2 0 0 0 0 7 Washington 185 166 1 4 0 0 4 10 11 Unincorporated
(of any race)
All others not CDPs (combined) 47,493 44,080 202 529 468 53 562 1,599 2,639 ‡ Note: these numbers reflect only the portion of this CDP in Nevada County
As of the census of 2000, there were 92,033 people, 36,894 households, and 25,936 families residing in the county. The population density was 96 people per square mile (37/km²). There were 44,282 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.39% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.94% from other races, and 2.64% from two or more races. 5.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.4% were of German, 16.3% English, 11.1% Irish, 6.8% Italian and 6.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.0% spoke English and 4.2% Spanish as their first language.
There were 36,894 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $45,864, and the median income for a family was $52,697. Males had a median income of $40,742 versus $27,173 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,007. About 5.5% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
Nevada County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others 2008 46.2% 25,663 51.5% 28,617 2.1% 1,138 2004 53.4% 28,790 44.9% 24,220 1.7% 910 2000 54.8% 25,998 37.2% 17,670 8.0% 3,811 1996 50.4% 21,784 35.6% 15,369 14.0% 6,066 1992 39.2% 17,343 34.9% 15,433 25.9% 11,425 1988 57.8% 21,383 40.5% 14,980 1.8% 660 1984 62.4% 19,809 35.3% 11,198 2.4% 761 1980 57.9% 15,207 29.0% 7,605 13.1% 3,449 1976 48.4% 8,170 47.0% 7,926 4.7% 785 1972 54.7% 8,004 38.9% 5,693 6.4% 941 1968 51.4% 6,061 39.1% 4,607 9.6% 1,126 1964 43.3% 4,899 56.5% 6,397 0.2% 22 1960 53.4% 5,419 45.7% 4,633 0.9% 89 1956 59.7% 5,475 40.0% 3,667 0.3% 31 1952 64.0% 6,819 35.1% 3,735 0.9% 94 1948 47.1% 3,917 47.0% 3,914 5.9% 495 1944 44.4% 2,648 54.8% 3,266 0.8% 47 1940 32.7% 2,863 66.0% 5,782 1.3% 114 1936 26.8% 1,913 71.9% 5,128 1.3% 90 1932 32.9% 1,842 63.3% 3,544 3.8% 210 1928 52.0% 2,173 46.9% 1,959 1.1% 47 1924 42.2% 1,513 8.6% 307 49.2% 1,763 1920 65.0% 2,055 23.6% 747 11.4% 361
As of April 21, 2009, there are 25,601 registered Republicans, 21,548 registered Democrats, and 12,184 Declined to State voters in Nevada County. The American Independent and Green Parties have under 2,000 registered voters each. In both 2000 and 2004, George W. Bush won a majority of the votes in the county. In 2008, Barack Obama carried the county with a 51.5%-46.2% margin. 2008 marked the first time Nevada County went for a Democrat since Lyndon Johnson in 1964.
Nevada County is part of California's 4th congressional district, which is held by Republican Tom McClintock. In the state legislature, Nevada County is represented by Doug LaMalfa (Rep) of the 4th Senate District and Ted Gaines (Rep) of the 1st Senate District. Dan Logue (Rep) holds the seat for the 3rd Assembly District.
On November 4, 2008 Nevada County voted for Proposition 8, which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages, by 3 votes.
Herbert Hoover, President of the United States. Hoover lived in Nevada City as a young mining engineer after graduating from Stanford University. Chuck Yeager, Pilot, first man to break the Sound Barrier. Clint Walker, Actor. Lyman Gilmore, a contemporary of the Wright Brothers, developed early powered aircraft and operated the world's first commercial air field in Grass Valley. There is also evidence he may have flown before the Wright brothers.
Charles Litton Sr., a resident and entrepreneur of Nevada County, assisted Raytheon in the development of the magnetron tube.
- Bean, E. F. (1867). Bean's History and directory of Nevada county, California ... With sketches of the various towns and mining camps ... Also full statistics of mining and all other industrial resources. Nevada, Cal.: Printed at the Daily Gazette Book and Job Office.
- Comstock, D. A. (1998). Catalog of historical landmarks and dedicated sites in Nevada County, California. NCHS books. Nevada City, Calif: Nevada County Historical Society.
- Comstock, D. A. (2004). News and advertising in the early gold camps of Nevada County, California: Volume one - 1850 through 1852. Grass Valley, Calif: Comstock Bonanza Press.
- Comstock, D. A., & Comstock, A. H. (1999). Nevada County vital statistics, 1850-1869 (and up to 1876 for divorces): births, marriages, separations, divorces, naturalizations, and deaths in Nevada County, California, as compiled from county records, cemeteries, newspapers, letters, diaries, and family records, plus a list of clergymen who served in Nevada County during those same years. Nevada County pioneers series, v. 1. Grass Valley, Calif: Comstock Bonanza Press.
- Foley, D., Kelly, L., & Book, S. (1975). The Maidu Indians of Nevada County, California.
- Nevada County (Calif.). (1915). Nevada County, state of California: the home of deep producing gold mines and prolific fruit orchards. Grass Valley, Calif: Union Pub. Co.
- Nevada County Promotion Committee. (1904). Nevada County, California: the most prosperous mining county of the United States, where good mines are found in a country with a pereect [sic] climate and all the comforts of civilization. [Nevada City, Calif.]: Nevada County Promotion Committee.
- Pastron, A. G., Walsh, M. R., & Clewlow, C. W. (1990). Archaeological and ethnohistoric investigations at CA-NEV-194, near Rough and Ready, Nevada County, California. Archives of California prehistory, no. 31. Salinas, CA: Coyote Press.
- True, G. H. (1973). The ferns and seed plants of Nevada County, California. San Francisco: California Academy of Sciences.
- Wells, H. L. (1880). History of Nevada County, California with illustrations descriptive of its scenery, residences, public buildings, fine blocks, and manufactories. Oakland, CA: Thompson & West.
- Wyckoff, R. M. (1962). Hydraulicking: a brief history of hydraulic mining in Nevada County, California. Nevada City, Calif: Osborn/Woods.
- Hiking trails in Nevada County
- List of California public officials charged with crimes, Nevada County
- List of school districts in Nevada County, California
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Nevada County, California
- ^ "Nevada County History". US Gen Web Project in California. http://www.cagenweb.com/nevada/nchistory.html. Retrieved 2008-10-01.
- ^ 
- ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2009. Yellow Mariposa Lily: Calochortus luteus, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg
- ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau. http://www2.census.gov/census_2010/01-Redistricting_File--PL_94-171/California/.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ The $700 Billion Man
- "Nevada County's Development: The Great Niagara Mine As A Criterion Of The Future". Overland Monthly, and Out West Magazine XL (3). September 1902. http://books.google.com/?id=1gYNAQAAIAAJ&pg=RA3-PA349. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
Sierra County Yuba County Washoe County, Nevada Nevada County, California Placer County Municipalities and communities of Nevada County, California Cities and towns CDPs Unincorporated
Alta Hill | Bitney Corner | Carpenter Valley | Casey Corner | Cedar Ridge | Chicago Park | Coleman | Crystal Lake | Dew Drop | French Corral | Forest Knolls | Gaston | Gateway | Gold Flat | Higgins Corner | Hills Flat | Hinton | Hirschdale | Junction House | Kres | Lake City | Marsh Mill | Mooney Flat | Mystic | Newtown | Norden | North Bloomfield | North Columbia | Peardale | Pinecrest | Polaris | Relief | Scotts Flat | Sebastopol | Spring Hill | The Oaks | Town Talk | Union Mills | Willow Valley | Wolf | You Bet | Yuba Pass
Alpha | Badger Hill | Balaklava | Bald Eagle | Baltimore Town | Bear River Pines | Bear Valley | Beckmans Flat | Birchville | Blue Tent | Boca | Boston Ravine | Brass Wire Bar | Bridgeport | Brighton House | Bronco | Buena Vista | Burckhalter | Burks Bar | Camp Spaulding | Cascade Diggings | Cedar Kress | Chalk Bluff | Champion | Cherokee | Coyoteville | Crystal Springs | Democrat | Diamond Creek | Diggers Bar | Dillon | Drum | Eagle Bird | Elida | Eureka | Excelsior | Farad | Fernley | Flood | Forest Spring | French Lake | Frenchmans Bar | Gelatt | Glenbrook | Gold Hill | Hacketville | Hobart Mills | Hunt's Hill | Iceland | Indian Springs | Jericho | Jones Bar | La Barr Meadows | Lafayette Hill | Langs | Little York | Louisa | Lowell Hill | Malakoff | Maybert | Meadow Lake | Melburn Hill | Missouri Flat | Moores Flat | Mount Zion | Mountain Well | Mountain View | Negro Flat | Ohm | Omega | Orleans Flat | Pittsburg | Pleasant Flat | Prosser | Prosser Creek | Providence | Randolph House | Rays Flat | Red Diamond | Red Dog | Remington Hill | Rose's Corral | Shands | Shelby Flat | Shellback | Six Mile House | Snow Point | Snow Tent | Spenceville | Spiritsville | Stockings Flat | Sunset View | Sweetland | Tsekankan | Union Hill | Ustoma | Virginia House | Waloupa | White Cloud | Wickes | Wilsonville | Wokodot | Woolsey Flat | Yamako | Zinc House
‡This CDP also has portions in an adjacent county or counties
Greater Sacramento Counties Major City Cities
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