Monterey County, California


Monterey County, California
Monterey County, California
—  County  —
Big Sur Coastline, an iconic image of Monterey County

Seal
Location in the state of California
Country  United States
State  California
Region California Central Coast
Incorporated 1850
Named for Monterey Bay
County seat Salinas
Largest City Salinas
Area
 – Total 3,771.07 sq mi (9,767 km2)
 – Land 3,321.95 sq mi (8,603.8 km2)
 – Water 449.12 sq mi (1,163.2 km2)
Population (2010)
 – Total 415,057
 – Density 110.1/sq mi (42.5/km2)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 – Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Website www.co.monterey.ca.us

Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. The northern half of the bay is in Santa Cruz County. As of 2010, the population was 415,057.[1] The county seat and largest city is Salinas. Monterey County is a member of the regional governmental agency, Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments.

The coastline, including Big Sur, State Route 1, and the 17 Mile Drive on the Monterey Peninsula has made the county world famous. The city of Monterey was the capital of California under Spanish and Mexican rule. The economy is primarily based upon tourism in the coastal regions, and agriculture in the Salinas River valley. Most of the county's people live near the northern coast and Salinas valley, while the southern coast and inland mountain regions are almost devoid of human habitation.

Contents

History

Monterey County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county were given to San Benito County in 1874.

The county derived its name from Monterey Bay. The bay was named by Sebastián Vizcaíno in 1602 in honor of the Conde de Monterrey (or 'Count of Monterrey'), then the Viceroy of New Spain.[2] Monterrey is a variation of Monterrei, a municipality in the Galicia region of Spain from which the Conde de Monterrey and his father (the Fourth Count of Monterrei) were from.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 3,771.07 square miles (9,767.0 km2), of which 3,321.95 square miles (8,603.8 km2) (or 88.09%) is land and 449.12 square miles (1,163.2 km2) (or 11.91%) is water.[3] The county is roughly 1.5 times larger than the state of Delaware, and roughly similar in population and size to Santa Barbara County.

Cities and towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Other locales

Adjacent counties

Monterey
Counties and bodies of water adjacent to Monterey County, California

National protected areas

Marine protected areas

  • Soquel Canyon State Marine Conservation Area
  • Elkhorn Slough State Marine Reserve
  • Elkhorn Slough State Marine Conservation Area
  • Moro Cojo Slough State Marine Reserve
  • Portuguese Ledge State Marine Conservation Area
  • Pacific Grove Marine Gardens State Marine Conservation Area
  • Lovers Point State Marine Reserve
  • Edward F. Ricketts State Marine Conservation Area
  • Asilomar State Marine Reserve


Transportation infrastructure

Major highways

Public transportation

Monterey County is served by Amtrak trains and Greyhound Lines buses. Monterey-Salinas Transit provides transit service throughout most of Monterey County, with buses to Big Sur and King City as well as in Monterey, Salinas and Carmel. MST also runs service to San Jose, California in Santa Clara County

Airports

Salinas Municipal Airport is located in the city of Salinas

Demographics

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Monterey County had a population of 415,057. The racial makeup of Monterey County was 230,717 (55.6%) White, 12,785 (3.1%) African American, 5,464 (1.3%) Native American, 25,258 (6.1%) Asian (2.8% Filipino, 0.7% Korean, 0.6% Chinese, 0.6% Japanese, 0.4% Vietnamese, 0.4% Indian), 2,071 (0.5%) Pacific Islander, 117,405 (28.3%) from other races, and 21,357 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 230,003 persons (55.4%); 50.2% of Monterey County is Mexican, 0.8% Salvadoran, and 0.5% Puerto Rican.[4]

Population reported at 2010 United States Census
The County
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Monterey County 415,057 230,717 12,785 5,464 25,258 2,071 117,405 21,357 230,003
Incorporated
city
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Carmel-by-the-Sea 3,722 3,464 11 8 111 6 45 77 174
Del Rey Oaks 1,624 1,326 16 12 128 4 52 86 169
Gonzales 8,187 3,464 81 124 190 14 3,958 356 7,276
Greenfield 16,330 5,976 183 878 179 13 8,453 648 14,917
King City 12,874 6,173 150 347 172 8 5,451 573 11,266
Marina 19,718 8,904 1,487 140 3,931 544 2,738 1,974 5,372
Monterey 27,810 21,788 777 149 2,204 91 1,382 1,419 3,817
Pacific Grove 15,041 12,710 199 78 872 49 469 664 1,615
Salinas 150,441 68,973 2,993 1,888 9,438 478 59,041 7,630 112,799
Sand City 334 223 13 3 16 1 61 17 123
Seaside 33,025 15,978 2,783 347 3,206 529 7,579 2,603 14,347
Soledad 25,738 12,625 2,945 367 757 103 8,189 752 18,308
Census-designated
place
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Aromas 1,358 1,026 7 24 35 1 194 71 511
Boronda 1,710 661 10 26 116 7 774 116 1,457
Bradley 93 85 0 2 0 0 5 1 11
Carmel Valley Village 4,407 4,044 21 22 70 11 120 119 328
Castroville 6,481 2,807 96 96 169 9 2,955 349 5,841
Chualar 1,190 337 1 2 11 0 827 12 1,151
Del Monte Forest 4,514 3,922 43 10 388 3 57 91 167
Elkhorn 1,565 1,122 9 7 63 3 286 75 588
Las Lomas 3,024 1,167 37 93 53 24 1,490 160 2,696
Lockwood 379 297 4 6 2 0 56 14 100
Moss Landing 204 149 7 1 2 1 30 14 46
Pajaro 3,070 1,451 15 78 53 0 1,281 192 2,889
Pine Canyon 1,822 1,173 29 15 18 0 490 97 984
Prunedale 17,560 11,771 177 199 672 58 3,639 1,044 7,322
San Ardo 517 252 1 3 5 0 245 11 363
San Lucas 269 113 0 4 6 0 127 19 224
Spreckels 673 483 0 13 26 0 130 21 193
Unincorporated
communities
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
All others not CDPs (combined) 51,377 38,253 690 522 2,365 114 7,281 2,152 14,949
‡ Note: these numbers reflect only the portion of this CDP in Monterey County

2000

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 401,762 people, 121,236 households, and 87,896 families residing in the county. The population density was 121 people per square mile (47/km²). There were 131,708 housing units at an average density of 40 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 55.9% White, 3.8% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 6.0% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 27.8% from other races, and 5.0% from two or more races. 46.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 6.3% were of German and 5.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 52.9% spoke English, 39.6% Spanish and 1.6% Tagalog as their first language.

There were 121,236 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.14 and the average family size was 3.65.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 female residents there were 107.3 male residents. For every 100 female residents age 18 and over, there were 107.7 male residents.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,305, and the median income for a family was $51,169. Men had a median income of $38,444 versus $30,036 for women. The per capita income for the county was $20,165. About 9.7% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Monterey County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 29.9% 38,797 68.2% 88,453 2.0% 2,533
2004 38.4% 47,838 60.4% 75,241 1.3% 1,574
2000 37.2% 43,761 57.5% 67,618 5.2% 6,155
1996 36.7% 39,794 53.2% 57,700 10.2% 11,064
1992 31.3% 36,461 47.0% 54,861 21.7% 25,367
1988 49.8% 50,022 48.8% 48,998 1.4% 1,361
1984 57.2% 55,710 41.8% 40,733 1.1% 1,027
1980 54.7% 47,452 33.5% 29,086 11.8% 10,256
1976 51.0% 40,896 46.0% 36,849 3.0% 2,408
1972 57.0% 47,004 39.5% 32,545 3.5% 2,859
1968 50.2% 33,670 42.1% 28,261 7.7% 5,193
1964 37.9% 24,579 61.8% 40,093 0.3% 172
1960 56.3% 33,428 43.4% 25,805 0.3% 180
1956 59.5% 29,514 40.2% 19,932 0.3% 127
1952 62.5% 30,578 36.9% 18,051 0.6% 286
1948 50.6% 17,233 46.1% 15,704 3.3% 1,126
1944 45.8% 12,246 53.7% 14,342 0.5% 140
1940 44.0% 11,810 55.0% 14,758 1.0% 265
1936 37.7% 7,565 61.1% 12,267 1.2% 235
1932 39.4% 6,200 56.8% 8,942 3.9% 608
1928 63.1% 7,228 36.1% 4,138 0.8% 86
1924 61.1% 4,744 11.4% 886 27.5% 2,138
1920 67.8% 4,817 24.9% 1,771 7.3% 521

Monterey County is considered to be a strongly Democratic county in Presidential and congressional elections. The county voted for Al Gore in 2000, John Kerry in 2004 and Barack Obama in the 2008 election. The last Republican to win the county was George H.W. Bush in 1988.

Monterey is part of California's 17th congressional district, which is represented by Democrat Sam Farr. In the State Assembly, Monterey is part of the 27th and 28th districts, which are held by Democrats Bill Monning and Anna Caballero, respectively. Monning was first elected to the Assembly in November 2008; Caballero in November 2006. In the State Senate, a small part of Monterey is in the 12th district; most of the county is in the 15th. The 12th district is held by Republican Anthony Cannella and the 15th by Republican Sam Blakeslee, who is considered to be moderate. Cannella was first elected to the Senate in November 2010; Blakeslee in August 2010.

According to the California Secretary of State, as of April, 2008, Monterey County has 147,066 registered voters. Of those voters, 72,550 (49.3%) are registered Democratic, 42,744 (29.1%) are registered Republican, 5,488 (3.7%) are registered with other political parties, and 26,284 (17.9%) declined to state a political party. Except for Sand City, all of the other cities, towns, and the unincorporated area of Monterey County have more individuals registered with the Democratic Party than the Republican Party. In Sand City, the Republicans have the advantage by 1 voter.

On Nov. 4, 2008 Monterey County voted 51.7 % against Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.

Monterey County is subject to Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act which requires federal preclearance before implementing a change to "any voting qualification or prerequisite to voting."

Environmental features

Monterey County has habitat to support the following endangered species:

Media

See also: Media in Monterey County

Television service for the community comes from the Monterey-Salinas-Santa Cruz designated market area (DMA). Radio stations Monterey-Salinas-Santa Cruz area of dominant influence (ADI) or continuous measurement market (CMM). Local newspapers include the Monterey County Herald, Monterey County Weekly, Salinas Californian and the Carmel Pine Cone.

Home prices

As of December 2005, Monterey County ranked among America's ten most expensive counties, with Santa Barbara County topping the list with a median home price of $753,790. In Monterey County, the median home price was $699,900. In the northern, more densely populated part in the county, the median home price was even higher, at $712,500, making it the fourth most expensive housing market in California. The disparity between the median household income of roughly $48,305 and the median home price of $700k has been cause for recent concern over excluding potential home buyers from the market. The end of the United States housing bubble has caused prices to drop substantially, with median home prices having fallen to $280,000 as at September 2008.[6]

Gallery of Monterey County locations (by city)

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 36°14′N 121°19′W / 36.24°N 121.31°W / 36.24; -121.31


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