Tchoukball


Tchoukball
Symbol of Tchoukball
Tchoukball match in progress.
Tchoukball match in progress.

Tchoukball English pronunciation: /t͡ʃuːkbɔːl/ is an indoor team sport developed in the 1970s by Swiss biologist Hermann Brandt, who believed that "The objective of all physical activities is not to make champions, but make a contribution to building a harmonious society". His aim was to develop a team sport which did not involve the horrific injuries which he viewed as plaguing other sports.

The sport is usually played on an indoor court measuring 27 metres by 16 metres. At each end there is a 'frame' (a device similar to a trampoline off which the ball bounces) which measures one square metre and a semicircular D-shaped forbidden zone measuring three metres in radius. Each team can score on both ends on the field, and comprises twelve players, of which seven may be on the court at any one time. In order to score a point, the ball must be thrown by an attacking player, hit the frame and bounce outside the 'D' without being caught by the defending team. Physical contact is prohibited, and defenders may not attempt to intercept the attacking team's passes. Players may take three steps with the ball, hold the ball for a maximum of three seconds, and teams may not pass the ball more than three times before shooting at the frame.

Tchoukball has come to be an international sport, played in Brazil, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Great Britain, Hong Kong, India, Italy, Japan, Macau, Singapore, Switzerland, Taiwan, and the United States. It is governed by the Féderation Internationale de Tchoukball (FITB, founded in 1971). Taiwan hosted the 2004 World Championships and won both the women's and junior championships, with the Swiss men winning the men's championship. The 2006 European Championships were held in Switzerland, with Great Britain taking both the Men's and Under-18's titles, while the hosts won the Ladies event.

Contents

History

Tchoukball was born in Switzerland thanks to the research of Dr. Hermann Brandt, who was concerned by the numerous serious injuries among athletes resulting from sports prone to aggression and physical contact. He believed that sports should not only form champions, but also contribute to the creation of a better and more humane society.[1] Hence the invention of tchoukball, which combines elements of handball (it is played with hands, and the balls used are similar), volleyball (as the defending team must prevent the ball from falling) and squash (since there is a bounce). This sport can be played by anyone at his or her respective level, irrespective of the players sex, age or physical abilities. Read about the Tchoukball Charter here.

Basic Rules

Court

  • The court size is that is generally used is 27x16m. However, there are variations to this such as in beach tchoukball where a court size of 21mx12m is used.
  • One rebound frame is placed at each end of the field of play
  • In front of each frame, a D shaped semi-circle measuring 3m in radius must be drawn; it defines the limits of the 'forbidden zone'
  • The lines of the zones are considered part of the zone itself, e.g. the line marking the semicircle forbidden zone is considered part of the forbidden zone, while the line around the entire court is considered a part of the court

Ball

Depending on the category of players (Men/Women/U18/U15), different sizes of balls are used ranging from a circumference of 54 cm to 60 cm and weighs between 325 grams to 475 grams.

Scoring

Two teams of 7 players each (men or women) compete to score points with the team with the most points at the end winning the game. When a team gains a point, control of the ball is transferred to the other team.

  • In tchoukball, attacking is not limited to one side and either team can score at either side of the court.
  • A point is scored when the ball rebounds after hitting any of the 2 frames and touches the ground outside the forbidden zone, any part of the defending player's body below the knees or touches the defending player while he is still in the forbidden zone
  • A point is given to the non-attacking team when the attacking team shoots and misses the frame, or the ball rebounds outside the playing area (either out of the court or in the forbidden zone).
  • If a shot is caught by the defending team, the defending team can proceed to attack immediately
Frame

Fouls

The non-offending team takes possession of the ball when a foul is committed and has to start the ball where the foul was made by tapping the ball with two hands on the ground before passing. A foul is made by a player when:

  • The ball should touches the ground during passing
  • He makes any form of interception whether intentionally or not, while the other team is passing or physically blocking another player from catching the ball (obstruction foul)
  • He make more than 3 contacts with the ground while holding the ball (traveling foul)
  • He touches the ball with any part of his body below the knees (contact with kneepads is allowed)
  • He holds the ball for more than 3 seconds
  • He makes a pass that brings the team count of successive passing over 3 (the entry pass when play restarts after a point scored is not counted, deflection of the ball from one player to another is considered a pass)
  • He touches any area outside the field of play while holding the ball, or takes his last step outside the field of play before catching the ball
  • He shoots at the frame such that the ball hits the metal part of the frame or the bungee cords at the side, causing the ball to not follow the expected trajectory
  • He steps inside the forbidden zone while holding the ball (landing foul)
  • There are 4 successive shots at the same frame: Assuming the ball is continuously caught, the ball can only be shot at the same frame to a maximum of 3 times, following which the next shot has to be made at the other frame at the opposite end of the playing field. Any other fouls occurring restarts the count.
  • He makes the entry pass inside the playing area
  • He shoots after a restart before the ball has crossed the median line

Substitutions

  • Substitutions should take place in front of the officials table and only after a point is scored
  • Substitutes must wait for the player inside the court to completely leave the playing area before they can enter
  • Unlimited substitutions during a game are allowed

Positions

Each team comprises the following positions:

  • 2 right wings
  • 2 left wings
  • 2 forward pivots
  • 1 centre pivot

Each side of the court comprises a left winger, right winger and forward pivot, while the centre pivot usually stays near the middle of the court. The wingers are generally in charge of shooting although in some cases the forward pivot can also take the shot. The forward pivots are in charge of coordinating the first line defence while the centre pivot takes charge of the second line defence.

Playing the game

  • The player can take 3 steps and is not allowed to bounce the ball on the ground between these steps.
  • The attacking team cannot make more than 3 passes before shooting
  • When a pass is dropped or not completed (i.e. the ball touches the ground), the other team gets possession
  • The defending team cannot hamper the attacking one
  • Touching the ball with one’s feet or legs below the knee is forbidden

International Tchoukball Federation (FITB)

The FITB, founded in 1971, is based in Geneva. It now comprises 13 member associations and 22 affiliated associations (that means it has relations with 35 countries). In spite of limited financial and human resources, it is developing numerous contacts throughout the world. It supports and advises national associations and individuals willing to implant tchoukball in new areas. For instance, tchoukball was recently integrated in the school program of some regions of Senegal.

The international, continental and world tournaments of tchoukball and beach tchoukball are an excellent way to make tchoukball more famous, and the FITB is now trying to enhance the television broadcasting of these competitions, which also creates an additional motivation for the players. The FITB will be integrated in the 2009 World Games, which will take place in Kaohsiung (Taiwan).

Notable movements by regional and local associations

International Competitions

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners M-18 Men Winners M-18 Women Winners
1984 World Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Switzerland Not Held
1987 World Tchoukball Championships  Switzerland  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
1989 World Game Tchoukball Championships  Germany  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
1990 World Tchoukball Championships  United Kingdom  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2000 World Tchoukball Championships  Switzerland  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2001 European Tchoukball Championships  Switzerland  United Kingdom  Switzerland Not Held Not Held
2002 World Tchoukball Championships  United Kingdom  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2003 European Tchoukball Championships  Italy  Switzerland  Switzerland Not Held Not Held
2003 Asian Tchoukball Championships  India  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2004 World Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Switzerland  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2005 World Beach Tchoukball Championships  Switzerland  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Switzerland
2006 European Tchoukball Championships  Switzerland  United Kingdom  Switzerland  United Kingdom Not Held
2006 Asian Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2006 South American Tchoukball Championships  Argentina  Brazil  Brazil Not Held Not Held
2008 Asian Tchoukball Championships  Hong Kong  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2008 European Tchoukball Championships  Czech Republic  Switzerland  Switzerland  Switzerland Not Held
2008 South American Tchoukball Championships  Argentina  Brazil  Brazil Not Held Not Held
2009 World Games  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2010 Asia-Pacific Tchoukball Championships  Singapore  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China
2010 African Tchoukball Championships  Ghana  Togo  Senegal Not held  Senegal
2010 South American Tchoukball Championships  Brazil  Brazil  Brazil Not held Not held
2010 European Tchoukball Championships  United Kingdom  Switzerland  Switzerland Not held Not held
2011 World Youth Tchoukball Championship  Austria Not held Not held  Republic of China  Republic of China
2011 World Tchoukball Championship  Italy  Republic of China  Republic of China Not held Not held

Notes

  1. ^ Brandt, H., Etude scientifique des sports d’équipe, Ed. Roulet, Geneva, 1971)

External links

Associations

Other sites


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tchoukball — Fédération internationale Fédération internationale de tchoukball Autres appellations Tchouk Champion(ne)(s) du monde en titre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tchoukball — Tchoukball. Tchoukball (pronunciado chukbol) es un deporte de equipo que se juega bajo techo, desarrollado en los años setenta por el biólogo suizo Dr. Hermann Brandt, que creía que El objetivo de las actividades físicas humanas no es hacer… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tchoukball — es un deporte de equipo desarrollado en los años setenta por el biólogo suizo Dr. Hermann Brandt, que creía que El objetivo de las actividades físicas humanas no es hacer campeones, sino contribuir a la construcción de una sociedad armoniosa. Su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • tchoukball — /tchookˈböl/ noun A game, invented in the 1970s, in which the object is to prevent the ball (thrown by the opposing team against a highly sprung net) from landing when it rebounds, physical contact with other players being against the rules… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tchoukball — Tchoukballspiel in der Schweiz im Mai 2006 Tchoukball, Tschoukball oder Tschuckball ist ein Ballspiel, das von zwei Mannschaften zu jeweils 2 bis 12 Spielern bzw. Spielerinnen auf Volleyball , Handball oder Basketballfeldern gespielt wird. Der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tchoukball aux Jeux Mondiaux de 2009 — Sport Tchoukball Organisateur(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tchoukball aux Jeux mondiaux de 2009 — Infobox compétition sportive Tchoukball aux Jeux Mondiaux de 2009 Généralités Sport Tchoukball …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fédération internationale de tchoukball — La Fédération internationale de tchoukball (FITB) est l organe faîtier du tchoukball dans le monde. Elle compte actuellement 13 associations membres et 22 autres pays dans lesquels elle est présente. Sommaire 1 Petit historique 2 Associations… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Championnat de Suisse de tchoukball LNA 2008-2009 — Infobox compétition sportive Championnat de Suisse de tchoukball LNA 2008 2009 Logo de la FSTB depuis 2007 Généralités Sport Tchoukball Organisateur(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Championnat de Suisse de tchoukball LNA 2009-2010 — Infobox compétition sportive Championnat de Suisse de tchoukball LNA 2009 2010 Logo de la FSTB depuis 2007 Généralités Sport Tchoukball Organisateur(s) …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.