Elizabeth Blackburn


Elizabeth Blackburn

Infobox Scientist


image_width = 150px
name = Elizabeth Blackburn
birth_date = Nov. 26, 1948
birth_place = Hobart, Tasmania
death_date =
death_place =
residence = US
nationality = American, Australian
field = Biologist
work_institution = Yale University, University of California, Berkeley, University of California, San Francisco, Salk Institute
alma_mater = University of Melbourne, University of Cambridge
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students = Carol W. Greider
known_for =
author_abbreviation_bot =
author_abbreviation_zoo =
prizes = Heineken Prize, Lasker Award, Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize, L'Oréal-UNESCO Award for Women in Science (2008)
religion =
footnotes =

Elizabeth (Liz) Helen Blackburn FRS (b. November 26, 1948 in Hobart, Tasmania) is an Australian-born U.S. biologist at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), who studies the telomere, a structure at the end of chromosomes which protects the chromosome. Blackburn also co-discovered telomerase, the enzyme that replenishes the telomere. She also worked in medical ethics, and was controversially fired from the President's Council on Bioethics.

Early life and education

Blackburn's parents, Harold and Marcia were both medical practitioners. Blackburn attended Broadland House school in Launceston, Tasmania, Australia from year seven to year nine, her family then moved to Melbourne in the state of Victoria where she completed her secondary education at The University High School. After graduation from high school, Blackburn attended the University of Melbourne on a full scholarship at Janet Clarke Hall earning a B.Sc. (1970) and M.Sc. (1972), and earned her Ph. D. (1975) from the University of Cambridge in England. Her postdoctoral study in molecular and cellular biology was at Yale University (1975-1976).

Work

In 1978, Dr. Blackburn joined the faculty of the University of California, Berkeley in the Department of Molecular Biology. In 1990, she moved across the Bay to the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), where she served as Department Chair from 1993 to 1999. Dr. Blackburn is currently the Morris Herzstein Professor of Biology and Physiology at UCSF. She is also a non-resident fellow of the Salk Institute.

Bioethics

Blackburn was appointed a member of the President's Council on Bioethics in 2001. She was fired in February 2004 reportedly for taking to task the Chairman (Professor Leon Kass) over her outspoken opposition to the removal from the council's consideration of discussion on the ethics of research on embryonic stem cells. [ [http://biology.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371/journal.pbio.0020116 Blackburn E, Rowley J (2004) Reason as Our Guide.] PLoS Biol 2(4): e116 doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0020116] This was followed by expressions of outrage over her removal by many scientists. [citeweb|author=AP| title=Scientists rally around stem cell advocate fired by Bush|url=http://www.usatoday.com/news/science/2004-03-19-fired-bioethicist_x.htm| date=2004-03-19 |accessdate=2008-05-30|]

In 2007, Blackburn was listed among Time Magazine's 100 Most Influential People in The World. [citeweb|author=Alice Park |Publisher = Time Magazine | title = The Time 100: Elizabeth Blackburn | url=http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/time100/article/0,28804,1595326_1595329_1616029,00.html | accessdate=2008-05-30 |]

Blackburn serves on the Science Advisory Board of the Genetics Policy Institute.

Awards

* [http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/daily/2006/06/08-honorary.html Honorary Doctorate of Science from Harvard University]
*Eli Lilly Research Award for Microbiology and Immunology (1988)
*National Academy of Sciences Award in Molecular Biology (1990)
*Honorary Doctorate of Science from Yale University (1991)
*Harvey Society Lecturer at the Harvey Society in New York (1990)
*recipient of the UCSF Women's Faculty Association Award (1995)
*Australia Prize (1998)
*Harvey Prize (1999)
*Keio Prize (1999)
*California Scientist of the Year in 1999
*American Association for Cancer Research - G.H.A. Clowes Memorial Award (2000)
*American Cancer Society Medal of Honor (2000)
*AACR-Pezcoller Foundation International Award for Cancer Research (2001)
*General Motors Cancer Research Foundation Alfred P. Sloan Award (2001)
*E.B.Wilson Award of the American Society for Cell Biology (2001)
*Robert J. and Claire Pasarow Foundation Medical Research Award (2003)
*Dr A.H. Heineken Prize for Medicine (2004)
*Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (2006) (shared with Carol W. Greider and Jack Szostak)
*Genetics Prize from the Peter Gruber Foundation (2006)
* Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize (2007) (shared with Carol W. Greider and Joseph G. Gall)
* L'Oréal-UNESCO Award for Women in Science (2008)

*Elected:
**President of the American Society for Cell Biology for the year 1998
**Fellow of:
***American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1991)
***Royal Society of London (1992)
***American Academy of Microbiology (1993)
***American Association for the Advancement of Science (2000)
**Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences (1993)
**Member of the Institute of Medicine (2000)
**Board member of the Genetics Society of America (2000-2002)

ee also

*List of biologists

External links

* [http://biochemistry.ucsf.edu/~blackburn/aboutdrblackburn.html University biography]
* [http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/daily/2006/06/08-honorary.html Short biography at Harvard]
* [http://www.abc.net.au/rn/inconversation/stories/2007/1864195.htm Interview on Australian ABC Radio] "In Conversation", March 2007.

References

Persondata
NAME= Blackburn, Elizabeth
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION= American Biologist
DATE OF BIRTH= Nov. 26, 1948
PLACE OF BIRTH= Hobart, Tasmania
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH= .......... still alive


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elizabeth Blackburn — im März 2009 Elizabeth Helen „Liz“ Blackburn (* 26. November 1948 in Hobart, Tasmanien) ist eine australisch amerikanische Molekularbiologin, die besonders für ihre Arbeiten auf dem Gebiet der Telomer und Telomerase Forschung bekannt wurde. 2007… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Blackburn — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Elizabeth Blackburn Elizabeth Helen Blackburn (26 de noviembre de 19 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Elizabeth Blackburn — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Blackburn (homonymie). Elizabeth Blackburn Elizabeth Blackburn en 2001 Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Blackburn (surname) — Blackburn is a surname, and may refer to:*Anthony Blackburn *Arthur Seaforth Blackburn *Barbara Blackburn *Bob Blackburn *Bunkie Blackburn *Chase Blackburn *Clarice Blackburn *Colin Blackburn *Dan Blackburn *Derek Blackburn *Doris Blackburn… …   Wikipedia

  • Blackburn (Begriffsklärung) — Blackburn ist der Name folgender Orte: Blackburn, Stadt in England Blackburn with Darwen, Verwaltungseinheit (Unitary Authority) in Nordwestengland Blackburn (Aberdeenshire), Ortschaft in Aberdeenshire (Schottland) Blackburn (West Lothian),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Blackburn (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Toponymie Blackburn, une ville du Lancashire, Angleterre. Blackburn, une ville d Écosse. Blackburn et Darwen, une autorité unitaire anglaise. Diocèse de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Elizabeth Wallace — is an American television writer. She was married to Art Wallace.Positions held All My Children *Writer (1981 1989)Awards and nominationsWallace has been nominated for five Daytime Emmy awards for her work on All My Children . She was nominated… …   Wikipedia

  • Blackburn — For other uses, see Blackburn (disambiguation). Coordinates: 53°44′42″N 2°28′37″W / 53.7449°N 2.4769°W / 53.7449; 2.4769 …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Anscombe — G. E. M. Anscombe Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe (18 mars 1919 5 janvier 2001) philosophe anglaise et théologienne, élève de Wittgenstein. Elle apporta d importantes contributions en éthique, en philosophie de l esprit,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Blackburn with Darwen — ▪ unitary authority, England, United Kingdom       unitary authority, geographic and historic county of Lancashire, England, 23 miles (37 km) northwest of Manchester.       The famous weaving tradition of the town of Blackburn had its beginnings… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.