Dalmatovo


Dalmatovo

Coordinates: 56°16′N 62°55′E / 56.267°N 62.917°E / 56.267; 62.917

Dalmatovo, 1912

Dalmatovo (Russian: Далма́тово) is a town and the administrative center of Dalmatovsky District of Kurgan Oblast, Russia, located east of the Ural Mountains on the north bank of the Iset River (Tobol's tributary; Ob's basin), opposite the mouth of the Techa River, 192 kilometers (119 mi) northwest of Kurgan. Population: 13,913 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 14,972 (2002 Census);[2] 17,494 (1989 Census).[3]

It was founded in 1644 as a sloboda next to the Dalmat Assumption Monastery, founded by a monk named Dalmat (hence, the name). Later on, this sloboda became a settlement of Dalmatovskoye (Далма́товское). Dalmatovo is known to have been one of the first centers of orthodoxy, literacy, and Russian culture in the Trans-Ural region in the early 18th century. It was also a place of exile for some of the Old Believers. In 1781, Dalmatovo was granted town status and then downgraded back to a village in 1797. In the 19th century, Dalmatovo was known as a major center of cucumber cultivation and hop picking. In 1947, it was granted towns status once again.

References

  1. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  2. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  3. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 

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