List of piano trios by Joseph Haydn


List of piano trios by Joseph Haydn

This is a list of piano trios by Joseph Haydn, including the chronological number assigned by H. C. Robbins Landon and the number they are given in Anthony van Hoboken's catalogue of his works.

Haydn's early trios are considered minor works and are seldom played except in the context of complete editions. In contrast, the later trios, starting in the mid 1780's, reflect the composer's full musical maturity and are greatly admired by critics (see below).

The role of the instruments

The piano trios of Haydn are dominated by the piano part. The violin only plays the melody a certain amount of the time, and is often doubled by the piano when it does. The cello part is very much subordinated, usually just doubling the bass line in the piano. Charles Rosen discusses and defends this asymmetry, relating it to the sonority of the instruments of Haydn's day: the piano was fairly weak and "tinkling" in tone, and benefited from the tonal strengthening of other instruments. [See Rosen 1997, 353]

Assessment

The dominance of the piano part does not imply that the late trios are not of the highest quality. Rosen devotes an appreciative chapter of his well-known book "The Classical Style" to them, [Rosen 1997, chapter VI.2] and says that Haydn's piano trios are "along with the Mozart concertos the most brilliant piano works before Beethoven." [Rosen (1997, 352)] Gretchen Wheelock refers to the trios as "incredible", adding "the late works especially are brilliantly virtuosic, exploiting the full idiomatic range of the instrument [i.e., the piano] . They are also among the most harmonically adventurous of his works in any genre, often reaching into remote keys via enharmonic modulations. As such they are challenging essays for both players and listeners." [Wheelock 1997, 115-116]

Early trios

*No. 1 in F major, Hoboken 15/37
*No. 2 in C major, Hoboken 15/C1
*No. 3 in G major, Hoboken 14/6
*No. 4 in F major, Hoboken 15/39
*No. 5 in G minor, Hoboken 15/1
*No. 6 in F major, Hoboken 15/40
*No. 7 in G major, Hoboken 15/41
*No. 8 Hoboken 15/33 (lost)
*No. 9 Hoboken 15/D1 (lost)
*No. 10 in A major, Hoboken 15/35
*No. 11 in E major, Hoboken 15/34
*No. 12 in E flat major, Hoboken 15/36
*No. 13 in B flat major, Hoboken 15/38
*No. 14 in F minor, Hoboken 15/f1
*No. 15 in D major, Hoboken 15/deest
*No. 16 in C major, Hoboken 14/C1
*No. 17 in F major, Hoboken 15/2

Later trios

*No. 18 in G major, Hoboken 15/5 (1784)
*No. 19 in F major, Hoboken 15/6 (1784)
*No. 20 in D major, Hoboken 15/7 (1784)
*No. 21 in B flat major, Hoboken 15/8 (1784)
*No. 22 in A major, Hoboken 15/9 (1785)
*No. 23 in E flat major, Hoboken 15/10 (1785)
*No. 24 in E flat major, Hoboken 15/11 (1788)
*No. 25 in E minor, Hoboken 15/12 (1788)
*No. 26 in C minor, Hoboken 15/13 (1789)
*No. 27 in A flat major, Hoboken 15/14 (1790)
*No. 28 in D major, Hoboken 15/16 (1790)
*No. 29 in G major, Hoboken 15/15 (1790)
*No. 30 in F major, Hoboken 15/17 (1790)
*No. 31 in G major, Hoboken 15/32 (1792)Three trios (H. 18-20) dedicated to Princess Maria Theresa, wife of Prince Anton Esterházy:
*No. 32 in A major, Hoboken 15/18 (1793)
*No. 33 in G minor, Hoboken 15/19 (1793)
*No. 34 in B flat major, Hoboken 15/20 (1794)Three trios (H. 21-23) dedicated to Princess Maria Josepha, wife of Prince Nicholas Esterházy:
*No. 35 in C major, Hoboken 15/21 (1794)
*No. 36 in E flat major, Hoboken 15/22 (1794)
*No. 37 in D minor, Hoboken 15/23 (1794)Three trios (H. 24-26) dedicated to Rebecca Schroeter:
*No. 38 in D major, Hoboken 15/24 (1795)
*No. 39 in G major, Hoboken 15/25 (1795) "Gypsy"
*No. 40 in F sharp minor, Hoboken 15/26 (1795)Two standalone trios (H. 31,30):
*No. 41 in E flat minor, Hoboken 15/31 (1797)
*No. 42 in E flat major, Hoboken 15/30 (1797)Three trios (H. 27-29) dedicated to Theresa Jansen:
*No. 43 in C major, Hoboken 15/27 (1797)
*No. 44 in E major, Hoboken 15/28 (1797)
*No. 45 in E flat major, Hoboken 15/29 (1797)

Notes

References

*Rosen, Charles (1997) "The Classical Style: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven". New York: Norton. Chapter VI.2 covers the trios in detail.
*Parakilas, James (1999) "Piano roles : three hundred years of life with the piano". New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. A history of the piano and its role in society. The book is richly illustrated.
*Wheelock, Gretchen (1999) "The classical repertory revisited: instruments, players, and styles," in Parakilas (1999), pp. 109-131.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joseph - получить на Академике актуальный промокод на скидку Kupivip RU или выгодно joseph купить с дисконтом на распродаже в Kupivip RU

  • Piano Trio No. 39 (Haydn) — Joseph Haydn s Piano Trio No. 39 in G major Hob. XV/25 was written in 1795. It is perhaps Haydn s most well known piano trio and sometimes nicknamed the Gypsy because of its Rondo finale in Hungarian style. It consists of three movements:#… …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Haydn — (Franz) Joseph Haydn [Although he is sometimes called Franz Joseph Haydn , the name Franz was not used in the composer s lifetime and is avoided by scholars. (Webster, James: Haydn, Joseph , Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed 18 January… …   Wikipedia

  • Piano trio repertoire — Among the fairly large repertoire for the standard piano trio (violin, cello, and piano) are the following works:Ordering is by surname of composer.Piano Trio Repertoire Violin, Cello and Piano A* Lev Abeliovich ** Piano Trio (1955) *Franghiz Ali …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Leopold Eybler — (born February 8, 1765, in Schwechat near Vienna; and died July 24, 1846 in Vienna) was an Austrian composer known today perhaps more for his friendship with Mozart than for his own music.LifeEybler was born into a musical family. His father was… …   Wikipedia

  • List of compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart — This is a selective list of the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, listed by genre. For a complete list, ordered chronologically, see Köchel catalogue. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was prolific and wrote in many genres. Perhaps his best admired work is …   Wikipedia

  • Haydn, Joseph — ▪ Austrian composer Introduction in full  Franz Joseph Haydn   born March 31, 1732, Rohrau, Austria died May 31, 1809, Vienna  Austrian composer who was one of the most important figures in the development of the Classical style in music during… …   Universalium

  • List of compositions for horn — This is a selected list of musical compositions that feature a prominent part for (French) horn, sorted by era and then by composer.Baroque*anonymous **Concerto ex Dis for cornu concertato, 2 oboes and basso *Johann Sebastian Bach **Prelude in F …   Wikipedia

  • Chamber music — For other uses, see Chamber music (disambiguation). Frederick the Great plays a flute concert in his summer palace Sanssouci; painting by Adolph Menzel Chamber music is a form o …   Wikipedia

  • Beethoven, Ludwig van — (baptized Dec. 17, 1770, Bonn, archbishopric of Cologne died March 26, 1827, Vienna, Austria) German composer. Born to a musical family, he was a precociously gifted pianist and violist. After nine years as a court musician in Bonn, he moved to… …   Universalium

  • Frédéric Blasius — (24 April 1758, Lauterbourg – 1829, Versailles) was a French violinist, clarinetist, conductor, and composer. Born Matthäus (French: Matthieu …   Wikipedia