A. D. Hope

A. D. Hope

Infobox Person
name = A. D. Hope


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birth_name = Alec Derwent Hope
birth_date = 21 July 1907
birth_place = Cooma, New South Wales
death_date = 13 July 2000
death_place = Canberra, ACT
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occupation = Poet and essayist
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spouse = Penelope Robinson
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Alec Derwent Hope (21 July 1907 – 13 July 2000) was an Australian poet and essayist known for his satirical slant. He was also a critic, teacher and academic.

Life

Hope was born in Cooma, New South Wales, and educated partly at home and in Tasmania. He attended Fort Street Boys High School, Sydney University, and then the University of Oxford on a scholarship. Returning to Australia in 1931 he then trained as a teacher, and spent some time drifting. He worked as a psychologist with the New South Wales Department of Labour and Industry, and as a lecturer in Education and English at Sydney Teachers College (1937-44).

He was a lecturer at the University of Melbourne from 1945 to 1950, and in 1951 took the post as the first professor of English at the newly-founded Canberra University College, later of the Australian National University (ANU) when the two institutions merged, a chair he held until retiring in 1968. From 1968 was appointed Emeritus Professor at the ANU.cite web|title = MS 5836 Papers of A.D. Hope (1907-2000)|publisher= National Library of Australia |url= http://nla.gov.au/nla.ms-ms5836 |accessdate= 2007-07-13]

He was awarded an OBE in 1972 and the AC in 1981,cite web|title=Queen's Birthday Award |publisher=Australian Government |url=http://www.itsanhonour.gov.au/honours/honour_roll/search.cfm?aus_award_id=870165&search_type=advanced&showInd=true |accessdate = 2007-07-13] and many other honours. He died in Canberra, having suffered dementia in his last years, and is buried at the Queanbeyan Lawn Cemetery.

Poet and critic

Although he was published as a poet while still young, "The Wandering Islands" (1955) was his first collection, what remained of his early work after it was mostly destroyed in manuscript in a fire. Its publication was also delayed by concern about the effects of Hope's highly-erotic and savagely-satirical verse on the Australian public. His influences were Pope and the Augustan poets, Auden, and Yeats; he was a polymath, very largely self-taught, and with a talent for offending his countrymen. He wrote a book of "answers" to other poems, including one in response to the poem "To His Coy Mistress" by Andrew Marvell.

The reviews he wrote in the 1940s and 50s were feared "for their acidity and intelligence. If his reviews hurt some writers - Patrick White included - they also sharply raised the standard of literary discussion in Australia."Hart (2008)] However, Hope relaxed in later years. As poet Kevin Hart writes, "The man I knew, from 1973 to 2000, was invariably gracious and benevolent".

Hope wrote in a letter to the poet/academic, Catherine Cole: "Now I feel I've reached the pinnacle of achievement when you equate me with one of Yeats's 'wild, wicked old men'. I'm probably remarkably wicked but not very wild, I fear too much ingrained Presbyterian caution".cited by Hart (2008)] Cole suggests that Hope represented the three attributes that Vladimir Nabokov believed essential in a writer, "storyteller, teacher, enchanter".

Influence and impact

Kevin Hart, reviewing Catherine Cole's memoir of Hope, writes that "When A. D. Hope died in 2000 at the age of 93, Australia lost its greatest living poet". Hart goes on to say that when once asked what poets do for Australia, Hope replied that "They justify its existence".

Awards

* 1956: Grace Leven Prize for Poetry
* 1965: Britannica Award for Literature
* 1966: Australian Literature Society Gold Medal
* 1967: Myer Award for Australian Poetry
* 1969: Ingram Merrill Foundation Award for Literature (New York)
* 1969: Levinson Prize for Poetrycite web |title= The Poetry Foundation |url= http://www.poetrymagazine.org/about/prizes.html |accessdate= 2007-07-13] (Chicago)
* 1972: Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
* 1976: The Age Book of the Year Award for "A Late Picking"
* 1976: Robert Frost Award for Poetry
* 1981: Companion of the Order of Australia (AC)
* 1989: New South Wales Premier's Literary Awards Special Award
* 1993: ACT Book of the Year Award for "Chance Encounters"cite web |title= ACT Book of the Year Winners |publisher= ACT Virtual Library |url= http://www.library.act.gov.au/find/history/frequentlyaskedquestions/literaryawards/literaryawards2 |accessdate= 2007-09-03]

Bibliography

Poetry
* "The Wandering Islands" (1955) Sydney: Edwards & Shaw.
* "Poems" (1960) London: Hamish Hamilton
* "A.D.Hope" (1963) Sydney: Angus and Robertson.
* "Collected Poems: 1920-1965" (1966) Sydney: Angus and Robertson.
* "New Poems: 1965-1969" (1969) Sydney: Angus and Robertson.
* "Dunciad Minor: An Heroik Poem" (1970) Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.
* "Collected Poems: 1930-1970" (1972) Sydney: Angus & Robertson.
* "Selected Poems" (1973) Sydney: Angus & Robertson.
* "A Late Picking: Poems 1965-1974" (1975) Sydney: Angus & Robertson.
* "A Book of Answers" (1981) Sydney: Angus & Robertson.
* "The Age of Reason" (1985) Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.
* "Selected Poems" (1986) Manchester: Carcanet.
* "Orpheus" (1991) Sydney: Angus & Robertson.
* "Selected Poems" (1992) Sydney: Angus & Robertson/Harper Collins.

Plays
* "The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus: By Christopher Marlow, purged and amended by A.D. Hope" (1982) Canberra: Australian National University Press.
* "Ladies from the Sea" (1987) Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

Fiction
* "The Journey of Hsü Shi" (1989) "Phoenix Review", No. 4.

Criticism
* "The Structure of Verse and Prose" (1963) Sydney: Australiasian Medical Publishing Co.
* "Australian Literature 1950-1962" (1963) Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.
* "The Cave and the Spring: Essays in Poetry" (1965) Adelaide: Rigby. (A second edition was published in 1974 (Sydney: Sydney University Press) with changes and additions.)
* "The Literary Influence of Academies" (1970) Sydney: Sydney University Press.
* "A Midsummer Eve's Dream: Variantions on a Theme by William Dunbar" (1970) Canberra: Australian National University Press.
* "Henry Kendall: A Dialogue with the Past" (1972) Surry Hills: Wentworth Press.
* "Henry Kendall" (1973) Melbourne: Sun Books.
* "Native Companions: Esssays and Comments on Australian Literature 1936-1966" (1974) Sydney: Angus & Robertson.
* "Judith Wright" (1975) Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
* "The Pack of Autolycus" (1979) Canberra: Australian National University Press.
* "The New Cratylus: Notes on the Craft of Poetry" (1979) Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
* "Directions in Australian Poetry" (1984) Townsville: Foundation for Literary Studies.

Autobiography
* "Chance Encounters" (1992) Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

Notes

References

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External links

* [http://homepages.wmich.edu/~cooneys/poems/Hope.5poems.html Five Poems]
* [http://users.cyberone.com.au/myers/adhope-poems.html Poems of A. D. Hope]
* [http://famouspoetsandpoems.com/poets/alec_derwent_hope Some of Alec Derwent Hope Poems]

Persondata
NAME=Hope, Alec Derwent
ALTERNATIVE NAMES= A. D. Hope
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Australian poet and essayist
DATE OF BIRTH=21 July 1907
PLACE OF BIRTH=Cooma, New South Wales, Australia
DATE OF DEATH=13 July 2000
PLACE OF DEATH=Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia


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