Memnon of Rhodes


Memnon of Rhodes

Memnon of Rhodes (380 – 333 BC) was the commander of the Greek mercenaries working for the Persian king Darius III when Alexander the Great of Macedonia invaded Persia in 334 BC. He commanded the mercenaries at the Battle of the Granicus River, where his troops were massacred by the victorious Macedonians. He then began a campaign to capture the Aegean islands with the Persian fleet and led a direct assault on Macedonia, while Alexander was resting at Phaselis. Memnon managed to capture the island of Chios and most of Lesbos. Demosthenes, after hearing of Memnon's successes, began to prepare Athens for a revolt along with other Greek cities, while Sparta began to prepare for war. By a stroke of fortune for Alexander, Memnon died of illness at Mytilene and transferred command to his nephew, Pharnabazus.

Many scholars maintain that had Memnon's campaign been successful, Alexander would have had an immensely difficult time continuing his campaign in Asia, and might have soon been defeated. It was not until after the major Persian defeat at the Battle of Issus that Memnon's strategy was revitalised and finally put into action, but by then the advantage had been lost, and Alexander showed himself willing to sacrifice Greece if necessary by then if he still felt he could accomplish his greater goals.

Memnon was the brother of Mentor of Rhodes, brother-in-law of Artabazus of Phrygia, and husband and uncle of Barsine, Artabazus' daughter and Alexander the Great's mistress.

Memnon of Rhodes is the subject of a work of historical fiction, Memnon by Scott Oden (ISBN 1-932815-39-2 US hc; ISBN 0553818953 UK pb), in which the character of Memnon is also the son of Timocrates of Rhodes.

Battle of the Granicus River

When Alexander the Great crossed into Asia Minor with a force of approximately 40,000 men, he was told of a Persian force of equal size to his own to the east near Zeleia. This force was led by several Persian satraps and the Greek mercenary "Memnon of Rhodes". Memnon famously advocated a scorched earth policy against Alexander, aware of the Macedonian's lack of supplies and funds. It was here that Alexander's army suffered its greatest casualties in the battle. "Memnon of Rhodes'" forces were massacred and 2,000 of his men captured and sent to work in the stone-quarries of Macedonia. Memnon himself escaped the massacre.

In Fiction

Memnon, (2006), a historical novel based on the life of Memnon of Rhodes by Scott Oden.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Memnon De Rhodes — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Memnon. Memnon de Rhodes est le chef des mercenaires grecs au service de l empire des Achéménides lors de la conquête d Alexandre le Grand. Memnon est né probablement vers 380 av. J. C. et il entre, avec son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Memnon de rhodes — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Memnon. Memnon de Rhodes est le chef des mercenaires grecs au service de l empire des Achéménides lors de la conquête d Alexandre le Grand. Memnon est né probablement vers 380 av. J. C. et il entre, avec son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Memnon de Rhodes — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Memnon. Memnon de Rhodes est le chef des mercenaires grecs au service de l empire des Achéménides lors de la conquête d Alexandre le Grand. Memnon est né probablement vers 380 av. J. C. et il entre, avec son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Memnon — may refer to: Saint Memnon the Wonderworker early Christian saint from Egypt, hermit and hegumen of one of Egyptian monasteries Memnon (mythology) and those erroneously named after him in the Graeco Roman era: the Colossi of Memnon, two statues… …   Wikipedia

  • Memnon (novel) — Memnon , Scott Oden s second novel, tells the story of Memnon of Rhodes and his role in opposing Alexander the Great s conquest of Persia. This novel was first published on August 1, 2006, by Medallion Press. This article about a historical novel …   Wikipedia

  • Memnón de Rodas — Para otros usos de este término, véase Memnón (desambiguación). Sin imagen disponible Fecha de nacimiento: hacia 380 a. C. Fecha de su muerte: 333 a. C. Datos históricos relevantes: Mercenario griego al servicio de los persas… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Memnon — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Memnon est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Mythologie 2 Saint chrétien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rhodes (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Toponymes 1.1 États Unis 1.2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rhodes — Infobox Greek Isles name = Rhodes native name = Ρόδος skyline = Maltan knights castle in rh.jpg sky caption = Palace of the Grand Master in the city of Rhodes coordinates = coord|36|10|N|28|00|E|region:GR 81 type:isle… …   Wikipedia

  • Rhodes — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rhodes (homonymie). Rhodes Ρόδος (el) …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.