- Amaya o los vascos en el siglo VIII
"Amaya o los vascos en el siglo VIII" ("Amaya, or the Basques in the eighth century") is a Romantic
historical novelpublished in 1879 by Francisco Navarro-Villoslada, probably the most famous novel by a Navarrese author." Saltusy agervasconum. Cultura y política en Navarra (1870-1960)". Sobresale [http://www.unavarra.es/puresoc/pdfs/tesis/iriarte/Iriarte-3.pdf Chapter 3] . Thesis by Iñaki Iriarte López, 11 December 1998. Includes a summary and analysis of some aspects of the novel.] The story is placed during the invasion of Visigothic Spain by the Moors.
Mixing history and legend, it presents a situation in which pagan and Christianized Basques unite under the first
king of Navarreand ally with Pelayo, the first king of Asturias to defend Christianity against Islam.
Amaya is a Christian noblewoman, daughter of a Basque woman and Ranimiro, the ruthless Visigoth general. She is a niece to pagan leader Amagoya, who prefers her other pagan niece as heiress to the secrets of
Aitor, the Basque ancestral patriarch. Pacomio is an machinating Jew conspirating in disguise among Muslims, Visigoths and Basques. Eudes, duke of Cantabria, is Pacomio's son, but, by hiding his Jewish origin, has reached a high post in the Visigoth kingdom and aspires to power beyond what his allies and his father would allow.
At the end, the secret of Aitor is revealed, to recommend Christianity, the pagan Basques (except for Amagoya) convert, and Amaya marries the Basque resistance leader, García, becoming the first monarchs of Navarre.The legends of
Teodosio de Goñiand San Miguel de Aralar, the Caba Rumía, the Table of Solomonin Toledo, and others are also mentioned in the plot.
The novel is influenced by the works of
Walter Scottand Carlism, presenting the Navarrese as the defenders of Spanish monarchy and Christianity. The myth of Aitor as a ancestral Basque patriarch comes from Joseph-Augustine Chaho.
"Amaia" and "Amagoia" (in modern spelling) are used today as Basque female names.
Jesús Guridi's opera "Amaya" (inspired by the novel) debuted at the Coliseo Albiaof Bilbao in 1920.
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