- Royal Leicestershire Regiment
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=Royal Leicestershire Regiment
caption=Regimental uniform, 1840s
dates= 1881- 1964
The Royal Leicestershire Regiment was an
infantry regimentof the line in the British Army, with a history going back to 1688. It saw service for three centuries, before being amalgamated into The Royal Anglian Regimentin 1964.
1688 - 1881
On 27 September 1688 a commission was issued to Colonel Solomon Richards to raise a regiment of foot. From 1688 to 1751 the regiment was known by the name of its various colonels. The regiment saw service in the
Flandersfrom 1694 to 1697, before moving to Ireland. In 1701 the regiment moved to the continent of Europe, and took part in the War of the Spanish Succession. In 1709 the unit returned to England, moving to minorcain 1725.
In 1751 a
royal warrantassigned numbers to the regiments of the line, and the unit became the 17th Regiment of Foot. The 17th were in service during the American War of Independence] , landing in Bostonon New Year's Day1776. The regiment's performance at the Battle of Princetownwas commemorated in the addition of an unbroken laurel wreathto its insignia. The regiment moved to Nova Scotiabefore returning to England in 1786.
A royal warrant dated 31 August 1782 bestowed county titles on all regiments of foot that did not already have a special designation "to cultivate a connection with the County which might at all times be useful towards recruiting". The regiment became the 17th (Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot.
The regiment was increased to two battalions in 1799 and both battalions served in the
Netherlandsbefore the second was disbanded in 1802. In 1804 the 17th moved to India, and remained there until 1823. In 1825 the regiment was granted the badge of a "royal tiger" to recall their long service in the sub-continent.
The regiment returned to India in 1837, and then took part in the
First Afghan Warfrom 1838 to 1842. The 17th next came under fire in the Crimean Warfrom 1854 to 1856.
In 1858 a second battalion was raised. The battalions served in
Afghanistan, Burma, Canada.
1881 - 1914
Childers reformsof 1881 created multi-battalion regiments. Each regiment had a designated regimental district and also incorporated the local militiaand rifle volunteers. Regiments of foot were no longer to have numbers, but were to bear a territorial title.
The Leicestershire Regiment was accordingly formed on 1 July 1881. The regimental depot was at
Glen Parva, and the regiment consisted of:
*The 1st and 2nd Battalions (formerly the 1st and 2nd battalions of the 17th Foot)
*3rd (Militia) Battalion (formerly the Leicestershire Militia)
*1st Leicestershire Rifle Volunteer Corps, redesignated as the 1st Volunteer Battalion in 1883
The 1st and 3rd battalions fought in the
Second Boer War1899 - 1902.
In 1908, with the creation of the
Territorial Force, the 1st Volunteer Battalion formed the 4th and 5th Battalions (TF). There was a minor controversy in the same year, when new colourswere issued to the 1st Battalion to replace those of the 17th foot. A green tiger had been shown on the old colours and the regiment refused to take the new issue into use. The issue was resolved when the regiment received permission for the royal tiger emblazoned on the regimental colours to be coloured green with gold stripes."Military History Society Bulletin", Special Issue No.1, 1968]
1914 - 1918
First World War, the regiment increased from five to nineteen battalions which served in Franceand Flanders, Mesopotamia and Palestine. The regiment lost approximately 6,000 dead in the four years of war.
1918 - 1939
The regiment reverted to its pre-war establishment in 1919. The 1st Battalion was involved in the
Irish War of Independence1920 - 1922, before moving to various overseas garrisons including Cyprus, Egyptand India. The 2nd Battalion was in India, Sudan Germanyand Palestine.
The 3rd (Militia) Battalion was placed in "suspended animation" in 1921, eventually being formally disbanded in 1953. In 1936 the 4th Battalion was converted to an anti-aircraft unit of the
Royal Engineers, later part of the Royal Artillery. The size of the Territorial Army was doubled in 1939, and consequently the 1/5th and 2/5th Battalions were formed from the existing 5th.
1939 - 1945
Battalions of the regiment served in many theatres of the war, including Burma,
Greece, Italy, North Africa, North West Europe and Norway.
1945 - 1964
In 1946 the regiment was granted "royal" status, becoming the Royal Leicestershire Regiment. [Army Order 167/1946] In 1948, in common with all other infantry regiments, the 2nd Battalion was abolished. The 5th Battalion (TA) had been reformed in 1947. In 1948 the regiment became part of the
Forester Brigade, sharing a depot with at Warwickwith The Royal Warwickshire Regiment, The Royal Lincolnshire Regimentand The Sherwood Foresters. Glen Parva was downgraded to regimental headquarters. The 1st Battalion served in the Korean Warfrom 1951 to 1952. They subsequently moved to England (exercising the freedom of the City of Leicesterin 1952), Germany, Suden , Cyprus, Bruneiand Aden.
In 1961 the territorial 5th Battalion absorbed the anti-aircraft successor to the former 4th Battalion to become the 4th/5th Battalion.
On 1 September 1964 the regiments of the East Anglian Brigade became
The Royal Anglian Regiment. The 1st Battalion, Royal Leicestershire Regiment became the 4th (Leicestershire) Battalion, The Royal Anglian Regiment. The "Leicestershire" subtitle was removed on 1 July 1968 and the battalion was disbanded in 1975. The Royal Leicestershire heritage was included in the new regiment's button design, which features the royal tiger within an unbroken wreath. [ [http://www.royalanglianmuseum.org.uk/symbols.html Symbols and Badges (Royal Anglian Regiment Museum)] ]
The 4th/5th Battalion, Royal Leicestershire Regiment continued to exist as a territorial unit of the Royal Anglians until its disbandment in 1967.
*J.M.K. Spurling, "The Tigers - a short history of the Royal Leicestershire Regiment", Leicester, 1969
title=The Royal Leicestershire Regiment
work=regiments.org Includes chronological index of titles.
17th Regiment of Foot
title= The Royal Leicestershire Regiment
Royal Anglian Regiment
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Royal Anglian Regiment — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Royal Anglian Regiment caption=Cap Badge of the Royal Anglian Regiment dates=September 1964 country=United Kingdom branch=Army type=Line Infantry command structure=Queen s Division role=1st Battalion Mechanised… … Wikipedia
Royal Norfolk Regiment — Cap badge of the Royal Norfolk Regiment Active 1881–1959 Country … Wikipedia
Royal Sussex Regiment — The Royal Sussex Regiment Badge of the Royal Sussex Regiment Active 1881–1966 Country … Wikipedia
3rd Battalion Royal Anglian Regiment — Infobox Military Unit unit name=3rd Battalion Royal Anglian Regiment caption=Cap Badge of the Royal Anglian Regiment dates=April 2006 country=United Kingdom branch=Army type=TA Infantry command structure=49th (East) Brigade role= TA Reserve size … Wikipedia
Royal Fusiliers — (City of London Regiment) Badge of the Royal Fusiliers Active 1685–1968 Country … Wikipedia
Leicestershire Yeomanry — Infobox Military Unit unit name= The Leicestershire Yeomanry (Prince Albert s Own) caption=Cap badge of The Leicestershire Yeomanry (P.A.O) dates= 9/5/1794 1802; 5/11/1803 1957 country= United Kingdom allegiance= Leicestershire branch= Volunteers … Wikipedia
Leicestershire and Derbyshire Yeomanry — Infobox Military Unit unit name=The Leicestershire Derbyshire (P.A.O) Yeomanry caption=Cap badge of the Leicestershire and Derbyshire (P.A.O) Yeomanry, (Until Nov 2006) dates=Feb 1957 country=United Kingdom branch=Territorial Army type=Yeomanry… … Wikipedia
Royal Northumberland Fusiliers — Northumberland Fusiliers Badge of the Northumberland Fusiliers Active 1674–1968 Country … Wikipedia
Royal Irish Fusiliers — The Royal Irish Fusiliers Badge of the Royal Irish Fusiliers Active 1881–1968 Country … Wikipedia
Royal Yeomanry — Infobox Military Unit unit name=The Royal Yeomanry caption=Cap badge of the Royal Yeomanry dates=1 April 1967 country=United Kingdom branch=Territorial Army type=Yeomanry command structure=Royal Armoured Corps role=Formation CBRN Reconnaissance… … Wikipedia