French commune
Saint Leu area in Amiens
maire=Gilles Demailly
intercomm=Communauté d'agglomération Amiens Métropole
alt moy=33 m
alt mini=14
alt maxi=106 m

Amiens (IPA2|amjɛ̃) is a city and commune in northern France, 120 km north of Paris. It is the capital of the Somme department in Picardie.


The Paleolithic culture named Acheulean was named for its first identified site, in Saint-Acheul, a suburb of Amiens. Amiens, the Roman "Samarobriva", was the central settlement of the Ambiani, one of the principal tribes of Gaul, who were issuing coinage, probably from Amiens, in the first century BC. By tradition, it was at the gates of Amiens that Saint Martin of Tours, at the time still a Roman soldier, shared his cloak with a naked beggar. Saint Honorius (Honoré) (d. 600 AD) was the seventh bishop of the city.

Amiens was later the capital of Picardy.

During World War II, on 18 February 1944, Nazi-occupied Amiens was the site of Operation Jericho, a British operation which freed 258 people by bombing Amiens prison.

ister cities

*flagicon|USA Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States of America
*flagicon|England Darlington, England Lake Cowichan


Amiens Cathedral (a World Heritage Site) is the tallest of the large 'classic' Gothic churches of the 13th century and is the largest in France of its kind. After a fire destroyed the former cathedral, the new nave was begun in 1220 - and finished in 1247. Amiens Cathedral is notable for the coherence of its plan, the beauty of its three-tier interior elevation, the particularly fine display of sculptures on the principal façade and in the south transept, and the labyrinth, and other inlays of its floor. It is described as the "Parthenon of Gothic architecture," and by John Ruskin as "Gothic, clear of Roman tradition and of Arabian taint, Gothic pure, authoritative, unsurpassable, and unaccusable."

Amiens is also known for the "hortillonnages," gardens on small islands in the marshland along the Somme River, surrounded by a grid network of man-made canals.


*The Battle of Amiens was the opening phase of the Hundred Days Offensive in World War I.
*Jules Verne was a member of the city council of Amiens from 1888 to his death in 1905. He is buried in the Madeleine Cemetery.
*Clovis Trouille, 1889-1975, was born in Amiens and trained at the École des Beaux-Arts from 1905 to 1910.
*Amiens was the birthplace of Peter the Hermit and Odette Sansom (1912-95), a heroic member of the French Resistance.
*Édouard Lucas, 1842-1891, a French mathematician and inventor of the Tower of Hanoi game was born in Amiens.
*Amiens is celebrated for a treaty of peace between France and Great Britain concluded in 1802.
*Amiens is home to Amiens SC, a football team in Ligue 2, the second-highest league in French football.
*Amiens is also a setting in the video game "."
*Amiens was the setting for much of Sebastian Faulks wartime novel Birdsong
*Amiens hosted the 1913 French Grand Prix

See also

*Treaty of Amiens
*Battle of Amiens
*Operation Jericho

External links

* [ Official website]
* "Hortillons":
* [ The Cathedral of Amiens colored !]
* [ Columbia University Media Center for Art History - Amiens Cathedral Website]
* [ Amiens] - Business Directory
* [ Pictures of Amiens and the Somme]
* [ Old Postcards of Amiens]
* [ Photos of Amiens in 3d (Anaglyphs)]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»