- Yevanic language
Yevanic, otherwise known as Romaniote and Judeo-Greek, was the
dialectof the Romaniotes, the group of Greek Jews whose existence in Greeceis documented since the Hellenistic period. Its linguistic lineage stems from the Hellenistic Koine"(Ελληνική Κοινή)" and includes Hebrew elements as well. It was mutually intelligible with Greek of the Christian population. The Romaniotes used their version of the Hebrew alphabetto write Greek and Yevanic texts.
The name "Yevanic" stems from the
Biblicalword "Yāwān", a cognate of forms, such as Sanskrit"Yavana", that were used among ancient Aryanand Near Eastern cultures to refer to the Greeksand the lands that the Greeks inhabited. This term derived from an overextension of the Greek word Ἰωνία ( Ioniain English) from the (then) easternmost Greeks to all Greeks.
There are no longer any native speakers of Yevanic, for the following reasons:
* the assimilation of the tiny Romaniote communities by the more numerous Ladino-speaking
* the adoption of Greek, Turkish and Bulgarian through assimilation;
emigrationof many of the Romaniotes to Israeland the United States;
ideologyof Zionism, which favored Hebrew as the one language for all Jews;
* a number of Romaniotes was put to death during the
Greek War of Independencein cases such as the Fall of Tripolitsa.
* and finally, the extermination of many of the Romaniotes during the
* [http://www.jewish-languages.org/judeo-greek.html Jewish Language Research Website: Judeo-Greek]
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=yej Ethnologue report]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Yevanic — noun The nearly extinct language of the Romaniote people of Greece … Wiktionary
Yevanic — ISO 639 3 Code : yej ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living … Names of Languages ISO 639-3
Greek language — Greek Ελληνικά Ellīniká Pronunciation [eliniˈka] Spoken in Greece, Cyprus … Wikipedia
Hebrew language — Hebrew redirects here. For other uses, see Hebrew (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Yiddish language. Hebrew עִבְרִית … Wikipedia
Yiddish language — Not to be confused with Hebrew language. Yiddish ייִדיש yidish Pronunciation [ˈjɪdɪʃ] Spoken in United States, Israel, Argentina … Wikipedia
Romaniotes — Infobox Ethnic group group = Romaniotes population = Over 6,000 region1 = flagcountry|Greece pop1 = 6,000 (estimated) region2 = flagcountry|Israel pop2 = unknown region3 = flagcountry|USA pop3 = unknown languages = Greek, Hebrew, Yevanic, local… … Wikipedia
List of languages by name — NOTOC This list of languages is alphabetical by English name of the language.Ethnologue lists about 7,300 main languages in its language name index (see the external link) and distinguishes about 39,491 alternate language names and… … Wikipedia
Minorities in Greece — Indigenous minorities in Greece are small in size compared to regional standards. The country is largely ethnically homogeneous. This is mainly due to the population exchanges between Greece and neighboring Turkey (Treaty of Lausanne) and… … Wikipedia
Romaniote — may refer to: *The Romaniotes (Romaniote people) *The Yevanic language, the language of the Romaniote people … Wikipedia
YEJ — Yevanic: a language of Israel (Regional » Language Codes (3 Letters)) … Abbreviations dictionary