Captain (naval)

Captain (naval)

:"For information specifically on the Royal Navy rank of captain, see Captain (Royal Navy)." Military ranks

Captain is the name most often given in English-speaking navies to the rank corresponding to command of the largest ships. The NATO rank code is OF-5, equivalent to an army full colonel.

The equivalent rank in many navies is Ship-of-the-Line Captain. Other equivalent ranks in other navies notably include Captain of Sea and War or Captain at Sea.


The command of a ship is most often given to the naval rank (equivalent to a commissioned officer between commander (OF-4) and commodore or rear admiral (OF-6)). The Polish Navy is, however, a notable exception "naval captain" in position of Lieutenant or Captain Lieutenant and OF-5 rank being a "commander" ("komandor"). The naval rank should not be confused with the army, air force or marine rank of captain, which has a NATO code of OF-2.


Any naval officer below the rank of captain who commands a ship, is addressed as "captain" while aboard that ship, by naval custom. The ship's captain also may be referred to as the Skipper. A naval officer with the rank of captain traveling aboard a vessel he does not command is either never referred to by rank, or in some navies, is addressed as Commodore to avoid confusion with the ship's actual commander. The ship's commander remains in charge of the entire ship. Passengers who would otherwise outrank the ship's commander cannot override the commander in matters of directing the ship's operations.

Historically, throughout the Middle Ages, the Navy was an ad-hoc group of ships contracted for the duration of a given conflict and disbanded thereafter. The ship's "Master", who would command the ship during peacetime, would also remain in control of all things nautical during wartime. The "Captain" was merely the commander of the embarked infantry contingent upon the ship, who with the help of his "lieutenants" would act as the agent of the king--and hence de facto commander--while the ship was contracted with the Navy. During Tudor times, the title of "Captain" began to refer to the commander of a ship of the Royal Navy, once that organization became established on an ongoing basis and maintained a standing fleet.

As a matter of etiquette in the U.S. Navy there is only one captain aboard a vessel. If a Marine Corps captain is at the officer's mess, he or she is given the courtesy title of major to be differentiated from the head of the ship.


Captains with sea commands generally command ships of cruiser size or larger. The more senior the officer, the larger the ship. Commanders of aircraft carriers can be rear admirals, but generally, ship commanders are of captain rank or lower. Also, many captains are either retired or have desk jobs.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Naval officer ranks — Navies have military rank systems that often are quite different from those of armies or air forces. Sometimes, services that are considered parts of the navy – marine or amphibious corps – use the army style ranks instead, while the ranks listed …   Wikipedia

  • Captain — Contents 1 Occupations 1.1 Military ranks 2 Media 2.1 …   Wikipedia

  • Captain (Royal Navy) — Please see Captain (naval) for other versions of this naval rank. Captain is a senior officer rank of the Royal Navy. It ranks above Commander and below Commodore and has a NATO ranking code of OF 5. The rank is equivalent to a Colonel in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Naval Battle of Guadalcanal — Part of the Pacific Theater of World War II …   Wikipedia

  • Naval Battle of Genoa (1795) — Naval Battle of Genoa Part of the French Revolutionary War Ça Ira fighting …   Wikipedia

  • Naval Battle of Hyères Islands — Part of the French Revolutionary War Date 13 July 1795 Location Hyères Islands, French Mediterranean Result …   Wikipedia

  • Naval Air Station Pensacola — Forrest Sherman Field IATA: NPA – ICAO: KNPA FAA: NPA Summary Airport type …   Wikipedia

  • Naval flag signalling — covers various forms of flag signalling, such as semaphore or flaghoist, used by various navies; distinguished from maritime flag signalling by merchant or other non naval vessels or flags used for identification. Contents 1 History 2 NATO flags… …   Wikipedia

  • Naval Air Station Brunswick — in October 2009 IATA: NHZ – ICAO: KNHZ – FAA LID …   Wikipedia

  • Captain Lieutenant — or Captain Lieutenant is a military rank.In particular, the term Captain Lieutenant may refer to a rank in the Russian Navy, Red Fleet/Soviet Navy and previously Imperial Russian Navy, a rank in the German Navy, and a former rank in the British… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.