- Grange Hill tube station
Grange Hill station is a
London Undergroundstation on the Central Linewhich lies on the boundary between the London Borough of Redbridgeand the Epping Forest district of Essex. The station is between Hainault tube stationand Chigwell tube station. The station has been in Travelcard Zone 4since 2 January 2007.
The station was opened by the
Great Eastern Railwayon 1 May 1903on their Fairlop Loopline between Woodfordand Ilford.
As a consequence of the 1921 Railways Act, the GER was merged with other railway companies in 1923 to become part of the
London & North Eastern Railway(LNER). As part of the 1935 - 1940 "New Works Programme" of the London Passenger Transport Boardthe majority of the Woodfordto Ilfordloop was to be transferred to form the eastern extensions of the Central line. Although work commenced in 1938 it was suspended upon the outbreak of the Second World Warin 1939 and work only recommenced in 1946. In connection with the alterations required for the electrification of the line, the station was closed from 29 November 1947. It reopened and was first served by the Central Line from 21 November 1948. The station ticket office was reconstructed as part of this work following destruction of the original building by a German V1 'Doodlebug' in July 1944. The 1903 building was very similar to the next station to the north, Chigwell, which is still largely untouched to this day, and the original building further south at Newbury Park, demolished in 1956 to make way for a road improvement.
From the mid 1960s until the early 1990s the Woodford-Hainault section was largely separately operated from the rest of the Central Line, using four car (later three car) trains of 1960 Stock. These trains were adapted for Automatic Train Operation (ATO); the Woodford-Hainault section became the testing ground for ATO on the
Victoria Line. The separate operation has now been abolished and through trains to Central London via Hainault now operate. At the beginning of the morning and evening peak periods, some trains starting from Hainault depot enter service at Grange Hill and work to central London via Woodford although in the current timetable, no trains return to Hainault depot via Grange Hill, doing so instead via Newbury Park and Hainault.
5 February 2006, the station became one of the first on the network to operate without a staffed ticket office. [Transport for London, " [http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/media/newscentre/3677.aspx New ticket office opening hours from February 5] ". 3 February 2006.]
19 November 2006service at the station was extended from 8 pm to approximately midnight. [ [http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/media/newscentre/3474.aspx Transport for London] - "Later Tube services on Hainault loop"]
The station has no connection with the long-running (1978 onwards)
BBCchildren's television series of the same name, even though the series was (until 2003) set in Greater London.
* [http://photos.ltmcollection.org London's Transport Museum Photographic Archive]
** ltmcollection|18/9855918.jpg|Grange Hill station, 1955
** ltmcollection|15/9864315.jpg|Booking hall, 1955
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