- George Hunt (ethnologist)
name = George Hunt
birth_date = birth date|1854|2|14
Fort Rupert, B.C.
death_date = 1933
Fort Rupert, B.C.
Ethnologist, Linguist, Artist
parents = Robert Hunt, Mary Ebbetts ("Ansnaq")
George Hunt (1854-1933) was a
Tlingitconsultant to the anthropologist Franz Boaswho through his contributions is considered a linguist and ethnologist in his own right. He was Tlingit by birth but through marriage and adoption became an expert on the traditions of the Kwakwaka'wakwpeople (then known as "Kwakiutl") of coastal British Columbia.
He was born in 1854 at
Fort Rupert, British Columbia, the second of eleven children of Robert Hunt, a Hudson's Bay Companyfur trader from Dorset, England, and Mary Ebbetts ("Ansnaq") (1823-1919), a member of the Raven moietyof the Taantakwáan(Tongass) tribe of the Tlingit nation of southeastern Alaska. Robert and Mary had been married at the original Fort Simpson, on the Nass Riverin northwestern B.C.
Hunt's parents' marriage was the occasion of the introduction of many Tlingit hereditary privileges and artistic motifs (reflected on
totem poles) into Kwakwaka'wakw society.
In the early 1880s Hunt served as boatman, guide, and interpreter for
Adrian Jacobsenof the Jesup North Pacific Expedition.
Hunt's collaboration with Boas began in 1886 when Boas first visited the Kwakwaka'wakw. In 1893, Boas brought Hunt to the
World Columbian Expositionin Chicago and taught him how to write the Kwak'wala language. He carved a totem pole, Kwanusila, that was on display in a Chicago park for many decades until it had to be replaced; the carver of the replacement was his descendant Tony Hunt.
Over the years Hunt produced hundreds of pages of texts for Boas, covering every aspect of Kwakwaka'wakw culture, including
potlatchceremonies in which Hunt himself participated.
In 1986 members of the Boas and Hunt families held a "reunion" at Tsaxis (Fort Rupert).
* Barbeau, Marius (1950) "Totem Poles." 2 vols. (Anthropology Series 30, National Museum of Canada Bulletin 119.) Ottawa: National Museum of Canada.
* Boas, Franz, and George Hunt (1905) "Kwakiutl Texts." (Publications of the Jesup North Pacific Expedition, vol. 3.) Leiden, Netherlands.
* Boas, Franz, and George Hunt (1906) "Kwakiutl Texts—Second Series." (Publications of the Jesup North Pacific Expedition, vol. 10). Leiden, Netherlands.
* Codere, Helen (1966) "Introduction." In: "Kwakiutl Ethnography" by Franz Boas, pp. xi-xxxii. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
* Hunt, Ross (2007) "The Hunt Family's Trip to West Germany to Attend the Bundesgarten Show." "Anthropology News," vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 20-21.
* [http://www.abcbookworld.com/?state=view_author&author_id=7356 BC Bookworld Author Bio]
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