Plympton, or Plympton Maurice or Plympton St Maurice or Plympton Erle, in south-western
Devon, Englandis an ancient stannary town: an important trading centre in the past for locally mined tin, and a former seaport (before the River Plymsilted up and trade moved down the river to Plymouth). Today it is a populous, north-eastern suburb of the city of Plymouth of which it officially became part, along with Plymstock, in 1967.
In the last 20 years Plympton has seen considerable growth spurt and the suburban population has doubled. To help manage the growth more efficiently, Plympton has been separated into a series of separate districts, these are: Yealmpstone, Plympton-
St Maurice, Colebrook, Underwood, and Chaddlewood. Plympton has the questionable distinction, shared with its neighbour Plymstock, of being a 'dispersal area' under an order taken by the city and the police which is intended to assist the police in containing a rising threat to public order from especially young people who constables and support officers can now disperse for periods of up to 24 hours if they consider that moving on groups of two or more would reduce the threat to peace and order. Plympton together with its demographically very similar neighbouring suburb Plymstock is probably the most right-wing political area of the wider city, invariably returning a Conservativemember of parliament the current MP being Gary Streeter.
A new town is scheduled to be built adjacent to Plympton which will be called
Sherford. This development is expected to consist of "at least 4,000 dwellings by 2016". [http://www.southhams.gov.uk/sherford_aap_adopted_august07-2.pdf Sherford Area Action Plan (August 2007)] ,p.5, section 1.14] Recent proposals to build a much enlarged Plymouth Airportalong a corridor south of the A38 roadnorth of the Sherford site and east of Plympton leaving Plympton and the Plym estuary (the Laira) as the flight path, seem to the almost universal relief of Plympton residents, to have been shelved or attracted no funding.
Plympton still has its own town centre (called the Ridgeway), and is itself an amalgamation of several villages, including St Mary's, St Maurice, Colebrook, Woodford, Boringdon, Newnham, Langage and Chaddlewood.
Near Plympton is the
Iron Agehillfort of Boringdon Camp.
Plympton is mentioned in the
Domesday book. In 1086 it said:
”The King holds Plympton. TRETRE in
Latinis Tempore Regis Edwardi. This means in the time of King Edward the Confessorbefore the Battle of Hastings.] it paid for two and a half hides. There is land for 20 ploughs. In are two ploughs and six slaves and 5 and 12 with 12 ploughs. There are convert|6|acre|m2 of meadow and 20 acres of pasture, woodland one league long and a half broad. It renders £13 10s by weight. Beside this land the canons of the same manor hold 2 hides. There is land for 6 ploughs. There 12 v have 4 ploughs. It is worth 35 shillings."Domesday Book: A Complete Transliteration". London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.279]
More Recent History
The town was one of the
rotten boroughs, and sent two MPs to the unreformed House of Commonsbefore the Reform Act 1832stripped it of its representation.
It is centred on a Norman Castle and still retains its Medieval layout. It became a Stannary town, able to test and market tin from Dartmoor.
The town was the birthplace and residence of the world renowned artist, Joshua Reynolds. Reynolds was
Mayorof Plympton, as well as first president of the Royal Academy of Art. His father was headmaster of Plympton Grammar School. Former pupils were Benjamin Haydonand Sir Charles Lock Eastlake PRA, who were respectively first director of the National Galleryand first president of the Royal Photographic Society.
Railway facilities were originally provided at Plympton — for goods traffic only — by the horse-drawn
Plymouth and Dartmoor Railway, but their branch was closed and sold to the South Devon Railway to allow them to build a line from Exeterto Plymouth. A station was opened in the town on 15 June 1848. From 1 June 1904it was the eastern terminus for enhanced Plymouth area suburban services but it was closed from 3 March 1959.
Plym Valley Railwayis based at the reconstructed Marsh Mills station on Coypool Road opposite the park and ride carpark. This was formerly part of the GWR Plymouth to Launceston branch line. The volunteer run PVR is actively rebuilding the line between Marsh Mills and Plymbridge. Steam and diesel heritage trains run on numerous Sundays throughout the year. The railway centre is open every Sunday from 11:00. For more details visit the [http://www.plymrail.co.uk PVR website] .
Claims to Fame
* Richard Strode was an MP here who first established
* Channel 4's Time Team came to look at the Medieval Town (broadcast January 1999)
* Baron David Owen, Foreign Secretary was born here
* Sir Edwin Sandys who founded the colony of Jamestown was an MP here
* [http://www.plympton.info www.Plympton.info] Plympton internet site
* [http://www.sherford.com www.Sherford.com] Sherford Community Forum
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Plympton — ist der Name folgender Personen: Bill Plympton (* 1946), US amerikanischer Trickfilmzeichner folgender Orte: Plympton, Devon, England Plympton, ein Vorort von Adelaide, Australien Plympton, Massachusetts, USA Plympton, Ontario, Kanada … Deutsch Wikipedia
Plympton — (P. Maurice, spr. plimt n morris), Marktstadt in Devonshire (England), unweit des Flusses Plym, 8 km nordöstlich von Plymouth, mit Schloßruine, einer Kirche aus dem 15. Jahrh., alter Lateinschule und (1901) 1117 Einw. P. ist Geburtsort des Malers … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Plympton — 1 Original name in latin Plympton Name in other language Plympton State code AU Continent/City Australia/Adelaide longitude 34.95 latitude 138.55 altitude 16 Population 2955 Date 2012 01 18 2 Original name in latin Plympton Name in other language … Cities with a population over 1000 database
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Plympton (disambiguation) — Plympton may refer to *Plympton, a town in Devon, England *Plympton, South Australia, a suburb of the city of Adelaide, South Australia *Plympton, Massachusetts, a town in Massachusetts, USA *Bill Plympton, the animator of Plymptoons … Wikipedia
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Plympton Erle (UK Parliament constituency) — UK former constituency infobox Name = Plympton Erle Type = Borough Year = 1295 Abolition = 1832 members = twoPlympton Erle, also spelt Plympton Earle, was a parliamentary borough in Devon. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House… … Wikipedia