- Amdang language
Amdang (autonym: "sìmí amdangtí") is a language closely related to Fur spoken in
Chadby about 5,000 people (as of|1983|lc=on), while Ethnologueplaces the number in 2000 at 41,000. It is mainly spoken in Chad north of Biltine, and sporadically elsewhere in Ouaddaï. There are also small colonies of speakers in Darfurnear Woda'a and Fafa, and in Kordofanin the Abu Dazadistrict and at Magrur north of Bara. Most of the ethnic group now speaks Arabic. It is also termed Mimi, Mima, or Biltine. (The term "Mimi" is also applied, however, to several other languages of the area).
Amdang is one of the two
Fur languages, which together constitute a branch of Nilo-Saharan.
Ethnologueregards "Mimi" as possibly distinct from "Amdang"; however, the source they quote in support of the existence of Mimi (Doornbos & Bender 1983) regards the two as identical, seeing "Amdang" as simply a name given to "Mimi" in the Biltine area.
*Paul Doornbos & M. Lionel Bender. 1983. "Languages of Wadai-
Darfur", in ed. M. Lionel Bender, "Nilo-Saharan Language Studies", African Studies Center, Michigan State University
Joseph Greenberg. 1972. "On the identity of Jungraithmayr's Mimi", "Africana Marburgensia" 5.2: 45-49. Mouton, The Hague.
*H. Jungraithmayr. 1971. "How many
Mimi Languages are there?", "Africana Marburgensia" 4.2: 62-69.
* A. N. Tucker and M. A. Bryan. 1956. "The Non-Bantu Languages of North-Eastern Africa". International African Institute, Oxford University Press.
* H. MacMichael. 1967 (1922). "A History of the Arabs in the Sudan". Barnes and Noble, New York.
* H. Carbou. 1912. "La Région du Tchad et du Ouadai". Leroux, Paris.
* M. Gaudefroy-Demombynes. 1907. "Documents sur Les Langues de l'Oubangui-Chari", Actes du XIVe Congres des Orientalistes (Alger 1905). Paris.
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=amj Ethnologue entry for Amdang]
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