Johan Huizinga


Johan Huizinga

Johan Huizinga (pronounced|joːhɑn hœyzɪŋxaː) (December 7, 1872 - February 1, 1945), a Dutch historian, was one of the founders of modern cultural history. Born in Groningen, he started out as a student of Comparative linguistics, gaining a good command of Sanskrit. He wrote his doctoral thesis on the role of the jester in Indian drama in 1897. It was not until 1902 that his interest turned towards medieval and Renaissance history. He continued teaching as an Orientalist until he became a Professor of General and Dutch History at Groningen University in 1905. Then, in 1915, he was made Professor of General History at Leiden University, a post he held until 1942. From this point until his death in 1945 he was held in detention by the Nazis. He died in De Steeg in Gelderland, near Arnhem, and lies buried in the graveyard of the Reformed Church at 6 Haarlemmerstraatweg in Oegstgeestref|Ditz2005.

Huizinga had an aesthetic approach to history, where art and spectacle played an important part. His most famous work is "The Autumn of the Middle Ages" (a.k.a. "The Waning of the Middle Ages") (1919). He here reinterprets the later Middle Ages as a period of pessimism and decadence rather than rebirth.

Worthy of mentioning are also "Erasmus" (1924) and "Homo Ludens" (1938). In the latter book he discusses the influence of play on European culture. Huizinga also published books on American history and Dutch history in the 17th century.

Publications

*"Herfsttij der Middeleeuwen" (1919) translated as "The Waning of the Middle Ages" (1924) and as "The Autumn of the Middle Ages" (1996).
*"Erasmus of Rotterdam" (1924)
*"Homo Ludens" (1938)
*Geyl, P. and F.W.N. Hugenholtz (eds.), "Dutch Civilization in the Seventeenth Century and Other Essays" (1968)
*Holmes, J.S. and H. Van Marle (eds.), "Men and Ideas" (1970)
*"America: A Dutch Historian's Vision, From Afar and Near" (1972)

References

* Van Ditzhuijzen, Jeannette (September 9 2005). "Bijna vergeten waren ze, de rustplaatsen van roemruchte voorvaderen". Trouw (Dutch newspaper), p. 9 of supplement.

External links

* [http://www.age-of-the-sage.org/history/historian/Johan_Huizinga.html Johan Huizinga The Waning of the Middle Ages]
*
* [http://www.dictionaryofarthistorians.org/huizingaj.htm Johan Huizinga] at "The Dictionary of Art Historians".


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  • Johan Huizinga — [ˈjoːɦɑn ɦœyzɪŋɣaː] (* 7. Dezember 1872 in Groningen, Niederlande; † 1. Februar 1945 in De Steeg bei Arnheim) war ein niederländischer Kulturhistoriker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johan Huizinga — (7 décembre 1872 à Groningue 1er février 1945 à De Steeg) est un historien néerlandais, spécialiste de l’histoire culturelle dans la lignée de Jacob Burckhardt …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johan Huizinga — Nacimiento 7 de diciembre de 1872 Groninga …   Wikipedia Español

  • Johan Huizinga — (*Groninga, 7 de diciembre 1872 De Steeg, †1 de febrero de 1945) fue un historiador holandés. Cursó estudios en su ciudad natal y en Leipzig. Inició su actividad docente en el año 1897, en Haarlem, y más tarde en Amsterdam. En 1905 ejerció como… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • HUIZINGA (J.) — HUIZINGA JOHAN (1872 1945) Le plus grand historien néerlandais du XXe siècle était le fils d’un célèbre professeur de physiologie à l’université de Groningue. Johan Huizinga naquit dans cette ville où il commença par étudier, de 1891 à 1895, les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Huizinga — can refer to the following people:*Ilse Huizinga, Dutch singer *Johan Huizinga, Dutch historian *Mark Huizinga, Dutch Olympic athlete *Tineke Huizinga, Dutch politician …   Wikipedia

  • Huizinga — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Ilse Huizinga (* 1966), niederländische Jazzsängerin Johan Huizinga (1872–1945), niederländischer Kulturhistoriker Mark Huizinga (* 1973), niederländischer Judoka Tineke Huizinga (* 1960), niederländische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johan — (as used in expressions) Johan Jonaton Björling Karl Johan Huizinga Johan Ibsen Henrik Johan Johan Maurits van Nassau Oldenbarnevelt Johan van Runeberg Johan Ludvig Johan Julius Christian Sibelius Strindberg Johan August * * * …   Universalium

  • Johan — (as used in expressions) Johan Jonaton Björling Karl Johan Huizinga, Johan Ibsen, Henrik (Johan) Johan Maurits van Nassau Oldenbarnevelt, Johan van Runeberg, Johan Ludvig Johan Julius Christian Sibelius Strindberg, (Johan) August …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Huizinga —   [ hœjziȖxa], Johan, niederländischer Kulturhistoriker, * Groningen 7. 12. 1872, ✝ De Steeg (bei Arnheim) 1. 2. 1945; 1905 15 Professor in Groningen, 1915 41 in Leiden, danach von den Nationalsozialisten, vor deren Ideologie er wiederholt… …   Universal-Lexikon


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