- Anglican church music
Almost all of it is written for
choirwith or without organ accompaniment. The choir typically uses "SATB" voices ( sopranoor treble, altoor counter-tenor, tenor, and bass), though in many works some or all of these voices are divided into two for part or all of the piece; in this case the two halves of the choir (one on each side of the aisle) are traditionally named decani(or 1, for the higher voice) and cantoris(or 2, for the lower voice). There may also be soloists, usually only for part of the piece. There are also works for fewer voices, such as those written for solely men's voices or boys'/women's voices.
Many more recent works were written for, or dedicated to, one of the many famous
cathedralor collegiate choirs of England.
The chief musical forms are:
Precesand responses — sung antiphonally by the priest (or a lay cantor) and choir
Psalms — sung to Anglican chantby the choir or
* Service settings — choral settings of the ordinary of the Eucharist, and
Anthems or motets
Hymns, usually for use
In all but the smallest churches the congregation was until recently confined to the singing of hymns. Over the past half century or so efforts have been made to increase the role of the congregation and also to introduce more "popular" musical styles. Not all churches can boast a full SATB choir, and a repertoire of one-, two- and three-part music is more suitable for many parish church choirs, a fact which is recognised in the current work of the
Royal School of Church Music.
Anglican churches also frequently draw upon the musical traditions of other Christian denominations. This is particularly the case in music for the Mass, much of which is taken from the work of
List of Anglican church composers
Nine Lessons and Carols
West gallery music
Royal School of Church Music
* [http://anglicansonline.org/resources/music.html Music resources] from Anglicans Online
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio3/choralevensong/ BBC Radio 3 information on their regular broadcast of choral evensong]
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