- Whitelaw Reid
March 23, 1889
March 25, 1892
predecessor=Robert M. McLane
T. Jefferson Coolidge
country2=the United Kingdom
December 15, 1912
predecessor2=Joseph H. Choate
Walter Hines Page
October 27, 1837
Cedarville, Ohio, USA
December 15, 1912
Whitelaw Reid (
October 27, 1837– December 15, 1912) was a U.S. politician and newspaper editor, as well as the author of a popular history of Ohio in the Civil War.
Born on a farm near
Xenia, Ohio, Reid attended Xenia Academy and went on to graduate from Miami Universitywith honors in 1856. ["American Authors 1600-1900: A Biographical Dictionary of American Literature" (H. W. Wilson Co., New York, 1938)] At Miami, he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon, and lobbied for the expulsion of the six members who ultimately went on to found Sigma Chi.
He was the longtime editor of the "
New York Tribune" and close friend of Horace Greeley. He was a leader of the Liberal Republicanmovement in 1872.
A Republican, he had an illustrious career as a
diplomat, serving as United States Ambassador to Francefrom 1889 to 1892, and again as U.S. Ambassador to the Court of St. Jamesfrom 1905 to 1912. In 1892, he was the Republican vice presidential nominee replacing Levi P. Mortonon a ticket headed by incumbent President Benjamin Harrison. Reid was given a spot on the Peace Commissionfollowing the Spanish-American War. Manhattanville Collegein Purchase, New Yorkof Westchester Countyis currently located on his former estate.
After his death whilst serving as the ambassador to Britain, his body was returned to New York aboard HMS "Natal". He is buried in
Sleepy Hollow Cemeteryin Sleepy Hollow, New York.
*His family summered on
Upper St. Regis Lakein the Adirondacks.
Benjamin Harrisonand Whitelaw Reid formed the only U.S. presidential ticket composed of candidates that were also alumni of the same university, Miami University. Both men had buildings on Miami's campus named for them. Reid Hallwas a dormitory, while Harrison Hallstill houses the Political Sciencedepartment. Reid Hall was demolished in 2006 to make way for a new business school building on Miami University's campus.
*He gave a highly commendatory eulogy to
Benjamin Piatt Runkle—a fellow DKE before founding Sigma Chi— after seeing Runkle wounded at the Battle of Shilohand mistakenly thinking him dead. Runkle returned the favor upon Reid's death.
* His great, great grandson, also named Whitelaw, covers the
University of Virginiamen's basketball team for "The Daily Progress" in Charlottesville, Virginia.
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=860 Whitelaw Reid] at
Find A Grave
*gutenberg|no=18422|name=Modern Eloquence: Vol III, After-Dinner Speeches P-Z, contains two speeches by Reid.
* [http://www.archive.org/details/americanenglishs01reiduoft "American and English studies" Vol. 1 by Whitelaw Reid]
* [http://www.archive.org/details/americanenglish02reidrich "American and English studies" Vol. 2 by Whitelaw Reid]
* [http://www.archive.org/details/greatestfact00reidrich "The greatest fact in modern history (The rise and development of the United States)" by Whitelaw Reid]
* [http://www.archive.org/details/whitelawreidlinc00reidrich "Abraham Lincoln" by Whitelaw Reid]
* [http://www.archive.org/details/ohiointhewar01reidrich "Ohio in the war : her statesmen, her generals, and soldiers " Vol. 1 by Whitelaw Reid]
* [http://www.archive.org/details/ohiointhewar02reidrich "Ohio in the war : her statesmen, her generals, and soldiers " Vol. 2 by Whitelaw Reid]
* [http://www.archive.org/details/byronaddressatun00reiduoft "Byron. Address at University College, Nottingham, on Speech day, 29th Nov., 1910, for the Byron chair of English literature" by Whitelaw Reid]
* [http://www.archive.org/details/onewelshmangl00reidrich "One Welshman: a glance at a great career. Inaugural address, autumn session, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, October 31st, 1912" by Whitelaw Reid]
* [http://www.archive.org/details/ournewdutiesaco00reidrich "Our new duties: a commencement address at the seventy-fifth anniversary of Miami university, Thursday, June 15, 1899 " by Whitelaw Reid]
NAME = Reid, Whitelaw
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Journalist, diplomat and historian
DATE OF BIRTH =
October 27, 1837
PLACE OF BIRTH =
DATE OF DEATH =
December 15, 1912
PLACE OF DEATH =
Sleepy Hollow, New York
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