- Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology
CSIST was established by the ROC government in 1969 to serve as a military R&D and systems integration center. Early work includes various missile and radar systems, as well as systems integration for ROC military aircraft and ships.
The institute was involved in several attempted
nuclear weaponsprograms during the Cold War. In 1967, a nuclear weapons program began under the auspices of the Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (INER) of CIST. The ROC was able to acquire nuclear technology from abroad (including a research reactor from Canada and low-grade plutonium from the United States) allegedly for a civilian energy system, but in actuality to develop fuel nuclear weapons.
International Atomic Energy Agencyfound evidence of the ROC's efforts to produce weapons-grade plutonium, Taipei agreed in September 1976 under U.S. pressure to dismantle its nuclear weapons program. Though the nuclear reactor was soon shut down and the plutonium mostly returned to the U.S., work continued secretly.
A secret program was revealed again when Colonel Chang, Hsien-yi, deputy director of nuclear research at INER, defected to the U.S. in December 1987 and produced a cache of incriminating documents. General Hau, Pei-tsun claimed that scientists in Taiwan had already produced a controlled nuclear reaction. Under pressure from the U.S., the program was halted yet again.
Presently there is no evidence that a nuclear weapons program is being pursued, and government officials have stated that Taiwan will not develop nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons.
The Institute expanded to the development of
dual usetechnology in 1994. With the expansion of Taiwan's civilian space program, CSIST has also become involved in design of various satelliteand launch systems, the latter of which have consisted primarily of scientific rockets to study the ionosphere.
Developed weapons systems
AIDC F-CK Indigenous Defence Fighter: Developed by division later spun off as AIDC.
Hsiung Feng I(HF-1): Sea and ground based subsonic Anti-ship missile.
Hsiung Feng II(HF-2): Improved HF-1 with air-to-ground.
Hsiung Feng IIE(HF-2E): Land attack cruise missilesystem based on the HF-2.
Hsiung Feng III: Supersonic anti-ship missile currently in development.
Sky Bow I(TK-1): Surface-to-air missilesystem.
Sky Bow II(TK-2): Advanced version of TK-1 with longer range and some anti-missile capability.
Sky Bow III(TK-3): Anti-ballistic missile system (partially based on Patriot-2 technology) - in development.
Sky Spear: Short range SSBM
Sky Sword I(TC-1): IR guided air-to-air missile.
Sky Sword II(TC-2): Radar guided air-to-air missile.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology — The Chung Shan Institute of Science and Technology (中山科學研究院) is the primary research and development institution of the Republic of China Ministry of National Defense s Armaments Bureau and has been active in the development of various weapons… … Wikipedia
National Yunlin University of Science and Technology — 國立雲林科技大學 Motto Sincerity, Honor, Perseverance, Originality Established 1991 Type National President Yeong Bin Yang … Wikipedia
National Taiwan University of Science and Technology — 國立臺灣科技大學 Motto 精誠 (Chinese) Motto in English Precision in Work, Sincerity in Attitude … Wikipedia
National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology — Coordinates: 22°45′16″N 120°20′0″E / 22.75444°N 120.333333°E / 22.75444; 120.333333 … Wikipedia
Minghsin University of Science and Technology — 明新科技大學 Motto Insistence, Innovation, Creation Established March 1966 … Wikipedia
Chung Yuan Christian University — Christianity in China portal Chung Yuan Christian University (abbreviated: CYCUChinese: 中原大學; Pe̍h ōe jī: Tiong gôan tāi ha̍k) is a Taiwanese private university located in Jhongli City … Wikipedia
Chung Hua University — 中華大學 … Wikipedia
National Chung Hsing University — 國立中興大學 … Wikipedia
National Chung Cheng University — 國立中正大學 Motto 積極創新 修德澤人 Established Jul. 1, 1986 Type Public (National) President Jyh Yang Wu … Wikipedia
Chihlee Institute of Technology — 致理技術學院 Established 1965 Type … Wikipedia