- Intelligent dance music
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Intelligent dance music (commonly IDM) is a genre name invented in the early 1990s by the creators of an American online mailing list called the 'IDM list'. The IDM
electronic mailing list, created by Warp Recordsfan Alan Parry, characterized acts such as Leftfield, FSOL, Orb, Orbital, Aphex Twin, Black Dog, and B12 as "intelligent dance music". The term was used to refer to a number of post- techno["Any form of electronica genealogically related to Techno but departing from it in one way or another. Akin to 'intelligent Techno' or 'intelligent dance music'". Cox C. & Warner D. ed. (2004), "Audio Culture: Readings in Modern Music", Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd, London, (p. 414).] artists who were engaging in experimental electronic dance music(EDM) production during the late 1980s and early 1990s. [Reynolds, S., (1999)."Generation Ecstasy: Into the World of Techno and Rave Culture", Routledge, New York, (pp. 180-205)] By 1992 Warp were marketing the music using the description "electronic listening music" but this was quickly replaced by "intelligent techno". In the same period (1992–93) other names were also used, such as "armchair techno", " ambient techno", and " electronica", ["Of all the terms devised for contemporary non-academic electronic music (the senseintended here), 'electronica' is one of the most loaded and controversial. While on the one hand it does seem the most convenient catch-all phrase, under any sort of scrutiny it begins to implode. In its original 1992-3 sense it was largely coterminous with the more explicitly elitist 'intelligent techno', a term used to establish distance from and imply distaste for, all other more dancefloor-oriented types of techno, ignoring the fact that many of its practitioners such as Richard James (Aphex Twin) were as adept at brutal dancefloor tracks as what its detractors present as self-indulgent ambient 'noodling'". Blake, Andrew, "Living Through Pop", Routledge, 1999. p 155.] but all were attempts to describe an emerging form of dance music for the "sedentary and stay at home". [Reynolds (1998), p181.] Co-owner of Warp Records Steve Beckett has said that "the music was aimed at home listening rather than clubs and dance floors". [Birke S. (2007), [http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/music-magazine/label-profile/label-profile-warp-records-768021.html "Label Profile: Warp Records"] , The Independent (UK), Music Magazine (supplement), newspaper article published 2/11/07] IDM tends to rely upon individualistic experimentation rather than on a particular set of musical characteristics. [Butler, M.J., "Unlocking the Groove: Rhythm, Meter, and Musical Design in Electronic Dance Music", Indiana University Press, 2006, (p. 80).]
Warp Recordsreleased "Artificial Intelligence", the first album in the "Artificial Intelligence" series. The record was a collection of tracks from artists such as Autechre, B12, The Black Dog, Aphex Twin, and The Orb, under various aliases.Allmusic Guide, Overview of "Artificial Intelligence" [http://allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&token=&sql=10:wif3zff8ehpk] ] These artists, among others, would eventually become the main topics of conversation in the Intelligent Dance Music List, an electronic mailing listfounded in August 1993.
Artists that appeared in the first discussions on the list included Autechre,
Atom Heart, LFO, Aphex Twin and others on Rephlex Records, artists such as The Orb, Richard H. Kirk, and Future Sound of London, and even artists like System 7, William Orbit, Sabres of Paradise, Orbital, Plastikmanand Björk.Warp's second "Artificial Intelligence" compilation was released in 1994, featuring posts from the mailing list in the sleeve notes. During this period the electronic music produced by Warp Records artists such as Polygon Window (an alias of Richard D. James), Autechre, LFO, B12, Seefeel, and The Black Dog, gained popularity among electronic music fans. Lesser-known artists on the Likemind label and Kirk Degiorgio's A.R.T. and Op-Art labels, including Degiorgio himself under various names (As One, Future/Past and Esoterik), Steve Pickton (Stasis) and Nurmad Jusat (Nuron) were also gaining acknowledgement, along with artists like Björk and Future Sound of London. British electronic musicand technoartists, including Aphex Twin, Cylob, and Mike Paradinas, have criticised the term IDM. Paradinas has stated that the term IDM was only used in America.
In the mid-1990s, North American audiences welcomed IDM, and many IDM record labels were founded, including Drop Beat, Isophlux, Suction, Schematic, and Cytrax. [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=77:11690 All Music IDM] ] In
Miami, Florida, labels like Schematic, AiRecords, Merck Records, Nophi Recordings, and The Beta Bodega Coalition released material by artists such as Phoenecia, Dino Felipe, Machinedrum, and Proem. Another burgeoning scene was the Chicago/ Milwaukeearea, with labels such as Addict, Chocolate Industries, Hefty, and Zod supporting artists like Doormouse, Trs-80 and Emotional Joystick. Tigerbeat 6, a San Francisco based label has released IDM from artists such as Cex, Kid 606, and Kevin BlechdomContemporary IDM artists include Himuro Yoshiteru, Kettel, Ochre, Marumari, Benn Jordan, Proem, Lackluster, Arovane, Ulrich Schnauss, and Wisp. [ [http://www.igloomag.com/doc.php?task=view&id=1638&category=features igloo magazine: Is IDM Dead?] ] Listen
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Origins of the name
In November 1991, the phrase "intelligent techno" appeared on
Usenetin reference to Coil's " The Snow" EP. [Google Groups archive of "rec.music.industrial", "Coil, The Snow EP" [http://groups.google.com/group/rec.music.industrial/msg/44a6402995500106] ] Another instance of the phrase appeared on Usenet in April 1993 in reference to The Black Dog's album "Bytes". [Google Groups archive of "alt.rave", "miniREVIEWS galore (No hardcore please, we're Finnish)" [http://groups.google.com/group/alt.rave/msg/a3a68dfae9daeca4] ] Wider public use of such terms on the Internet did not come until August 1993, when Alan Parry coined the term "intelligent dance music" and its initials were adopted in the name and charterof the IDM electronic mailing list. quotation|IDM (Intelligent Dance Music) is a forum for the discussion of what has been termed 'intelligent' music – that is, music that moves the mind, not just the body. There is no specific definition of intelligence in music, however, artists that I see as appropriate are FSOL, Orb, Orbital, Richard James (aka Aphex Twin), Black Dog, B12, and various others from Warp's "Artificial Intelligence" series. Of course, the list is open to all interpretations of intelligent dance music.|Alan Parry|IDM mailing list announcement posted on alt.rave, Aug. 1993 [Google Groups archive of "alt.rave", "list announcement: IDM" [http://groups.google.com/group/alt.rave/browse_thread/thread/b8592fef4a3a14b4] ]
The first message, sent on
August 1, 1993, was entitled " [http://elists.resynthesize.com/idm/1993/08/412599/ Can Dumb People Enjoy IDM, Too?] ". As of 2008, the mailing list is still active.
"Allmusic Guide" describes the IDM name as
A loaded term meant to distinguish electronic music of the '90s and later that's equally comfortable on the dancefloor as in the living room, IDM (Intelligent Dance Music) eventually acquired a good deal of negative publicity, not least among the legion of dance producers and fans whose exclusion from the community prompted the question of whether they produced stupid dance music.In a September 1997 interview, Aphex Twin commented on the 'Intelligent Dance Music' label:
I just think it's really funny to have terms like that. It's basically saying 'this is intelligent and everything else is stupid.' It's really nasty to everyone else's music. (laughs) It makes me laugh, things like that. I don't use names. I just say that I like something or I don't. [Aphex Twin interview, September, 1997 [http://www.furious.com/perfect/aphextwin.html] ]Aphex Twin's Rephlex records official overarching genre name is Braindance, of which Dave Segal of Stylus Magazine asked whether it was a "snide dig at IDM’s mockworthy Intelligent Dance Music tag?" ["Rephlexions!: A Braindance Compilation", 20/11/2003, Dave Segal, Stylus Magazine, [http://www.stylusmagazine.com/reviews/various-artists/rephlexions-a-braindance-compilation.htm] ] British artist Mike Paradinas (µ-Ziq) has bluntly said:
No one uses or used it in UK. Only Americans ever used the term. It was invented by Alan Parry who set up the IDM mailing list. [ [http://igloomag.com/doc.php?task=view&id=1638 Igloo Magazine :: :: Is IDM dead? ] ]
Kid 606has said,
I hate IDM and its elitist champions. It makes the music sound so much more than it actually is. It's a label invented by PR companies who need catchphrases. I like sounds, but hate what people attach to sounds. [ [http://www.mpiii.com/UpDownload-index-req-viewdownloaddetails-lid-1853.html Kid606 Ultrahang festival] ]
Chris Jeffs(Cylob) said, "Also, anyone who applies the term IDM to my music deserves to be shot." [ [http://www.everything2.com/index.pl?node=intelligent%20dance%20music Intelligent Dance Music@Everything2.com ] ] Thaddeus Hermann of City Centre Offices has said
Nowadays, I do not like the sound of the term. Whenever someone mentions it, or uses it to describe their own music, I immediately become skeptical, expecting weak and boring tracks.” [ [http://www.igloomag.com/doc.php?task=view&id=1638&category=features igloo magazine: Is IDM Dead?] ]Matmos (
Perfect Sound Forever) has said,
I belong to the weblist called "IDM" and occasionally enjoy the discussions there, because I like some of the artists who get lassoed into that category (not to mention that we, occasionally, are lumped into that category too), and because you can occasionally find out about interesting records on that list... Matmos is IDM if that only means "might be talked about on the IDM list"- but I don't endorse that term "intelligent dance music" because it's laughable. Rather Interesting Records had a nice slogan that kind of says it all: "Remember: Only Stupid People Call It "Intelligent". [ [http://www.furious.com/PERFECT/matmos.html Matmos interview ] ]
A disparaging term used by dance-oriented critics in reference to I.D.M is "dolphin music". [cite journal |last=Gard |first=Stephen |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=2004 |month= |title=Nasty Noises: ‘Error’ as a Compositional Element |journal=Sydney Conservatorium of Music |volume= |issue= |pages= |id= |url=http://hdl.handle.net/2123/894 |accessdate=2008-07-27 |quote= ]
"For a list of IDM artists with articles on Wikipedia, see ."
List of IDM artists
*Reynolds, S., "Energy Flash: a Journey Through Rave Music and Dance Culture", Pan Macmillan, 1998 [also published in abridged form as "Generation Ecstasy: Into the World of Techno and Rave Culture", Routledge, New York 1999] (ISBN 978-0330350563).
* [http://music.hyperreal.org/lists/idm/ IDM-L] - the IDM mailing list
** [http://elists.resynthesize.com/idm/ Archive of posts to IDM-L]
** [http://groups-beta.google.com/group/alt.rave/msg/af70a963a5002ddd?hl=en&fwc=1 original list announcement] on alt.rave,
August 8, 1993
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Look at other dictionaries:
Intelligent Dance Music — (ou IDM) est un terme désignant une frange de la musique électronique n ayant pas pour unique but de faire danser les foules en rave ou en free party mais de se prêter à une diffusion chez soi ou en chill out. C est un genre musical né à la fin… … Wikipédia en Français
Intelligent dance music — Origines stylistiques Hip hop, house, experimental music, electronica, techno, ambient music, chillout, industrial music, drum bass, balearic beat, jazz Origines culturelles Début 1990, Royaume Uni, États Unis, Allemagne … Wikipédia en Français
Intelligent Dance Music — (IDM) ist eine Genrebezeichnung in der elektronischen Musik. Der Begriff ist relativ unscharf und steht nicht für ein einzelnes Genre, sondern für verschiedene Stile elektronischer Musik. IDM kann man grob als Schnittmenge von unterschiedlichen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Intelligent Dance Music — В этой статье не хватает ссылок на источники информации. Информация должна быть проверяема, иначе она может быть поставлена под сомнение и удалена. Вы можете отредактиров … Википедия
Intelligent dance music — IDM Orígenes musicales Ambient, electro, techno. Orígenes culturales Principios de los años 1990. Reino Unido. Instrumentos comunes … Wikipedia Español
intelligent dance music — noun A genre of experimental electronic music that combines elements of techno and dance music with complex rhythmic structures and atypical melodic patterns … Wiktionary
Список российских Intelligent Dance Music групп — Это служебный список … Википедия
Список Intelligent Dance Music групп — Это служебный список статей, соз … Википедия
List of intelligent dance music artists — This is a list of artists in the intelligent dance music (IDM) genre. !–9 * : [NIGHTWALK] : * μ ziq * 5pot * 7 pin dinner A *aDuck * AFX * Alec Empire * Ambidextrous * Amon Tobin * Anhedonia * Aphex Twin * Apparat * Apparat Organ Quartet *… … Wikipedia
Dance Music — Eurodance Eurodance Origines stylistiques Disco Rap Funk Italo disco Hi NRG Eurodisco Origines culturelles … Wikipédia en Français