The Koyukon are a group of Athabaskan people living in northern
Alaska. Their traditional home is along the Koyukuk and Yukon rivers where they subsisted by hunting and trapping for thousands of years. Many Koyukon live in a similar manner today.
Koyukon languagebelongs to a widespread family called Na-Deneor Athabaskan spoken by native people scattered throughout northwestern North Americaand in pockets as far south as Californiaand Arizona.
The first Europeans to enter Koyukon territory were
Russians, who came up the Yukon River to Nulato in 1838. When they arrived they found that items such as iron pots, glass beads, cloth apparel, and tobacco had already reached the people through trade with coastal Eskimos. An epidemic of smallpoxhad preceded them as well, and in subsequent years European diseases drastically reduced the Koyukon population.
Relative isolation persisted along the Koyukuk until 1888, when the
Yukon Gold Rushbrought more than a thousand men to the river. They found little gold, and most left the following winter.
As the Koyukon reckon it, all things human and natural go back to a time so remote that no one can explain or understand how long ago it really was. However ancient this time may be, its events are recounted accurately and in great detail through a prodigious number of stories.
The stories constitute an oral history of the Koyukon people and their environment, beginning in an age before the present order of existence was established. During this age "the animals were human"—that is, they had human form, they lived in a human society, and they spoke human (Koyukon) language. At some point in the Distant Time certain humans died and were transformed into animal or plant beings, the species that inhabit Koyukon country today. These dreamlike metamorphoses left a residue of human qualities and personality traits in the north-woods creatures.
Taken together, the Distant Time stories describe a primordial world and its transfiguration into modern form. The scope of Distant Time stories ranges from the minute to the cosmological. The explain the beginnings of entities that inhabit the sky—the sun, moon, and aurora. They account for certain weather phenomena, such as thunderstorms, which are the transformed embodiment of a formerly human spirit.
At the end of Distant Time there was a great catastrophe. The entire earth was covered by a flood, and under the Raven's supervision a pair of each species went abroad a raft. These plants and animals survived, but when the flood ended they could no longer behave like people. All the Distant Time humans had been killed, and so Raven recreated people in their present form. The Koyukon believe that nature is God, which is why they must respect it.
* Peter, Adeline. "Iñuksuk: Northern Koyukon, Gwich'in & Lower Tanana, 1800-1901". Fairbanks, AK: Alaska Native Knowledge Network, 2001. ISBN 1877962376
* Nelson, Richard K., Kathleen H. Mautner, and G. Ray Bane. "Tracks in the Wildland: A Portrayal of Koyukon and Nunamiut Subsistence". [Fairbanks] : Anthropology and Historic Preservation, Cooperative Park Studies Unit, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, 1982.
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Koyukon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Los Koyukon son unos nativos pertenecientes al grupo de lenguas atabascano, que viven en el norte de Alaska. Su hogar tradicional se encuentra a lo largo del río Koyukuk y del río Yukón, ríos donde ellos subsistían… … Wikipedia Español
Koyukon — Parlée aux États Unis Région … Wikipédia en Français
Koyukón — Los koyukón son una nación indígena que habla una lengua atabascana. Viven en el norte de Alaska. Su hogar tradicional se encuentra a lo largo del río Koyukuk y del río Yukón, ríos donde ellos subsistían mediante la caza y el trampeo a lo largo… … Wikipedia Español
Koyukon — Koyukan vor ihrem Zelt (1898) Die Koyukon sind eine Gruppe athapaskischer Menschen in Nordalaska. Ihre ursprüngliche Heimat ist entlang des Koyukuk River und Yukon River, wo sie sich seit Tausenden von Jahren durch Jagen und Fallenstellen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
koyukon — kōˈyüˌkän noun (plural koyukon or koyukons) Usage: usually capitalized 1. a. : an Athapaskan people of the Yukon river valley of west central Alaska b. : a member of such people 2 … Useful english dictionary
Koyukon — /koy yooh kon , kah /, n. 1. a member of a North American Indian people living in the Yukon River valley in west central Alaska. 2. the Athabaskan language of the Koyukon. Also called Tena. [resp., after the Koyukuk and Yukon Rivers, of earlier… … Universalium
Koyukon — ISO 639 3 Code : koy ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living … Names of Languages ISO 639-3
koyukon — ko·yu·kon … English syllables
Koyukon language — Infobox Language name=Koyukon states=United States region=Alaska (middle Yukon River, Koyukuk River) speakers=300 iso1= iso2= ath iso3= koy familycolor=Dené Yeniseian fam2=Na Dené fam3=Athabaskan Eyak fam4=Athabaskan fam5=Northern Athabaskan… … Wikipedia
Idioma koyukón — Koyukón Denaakk e, dinnaak a Hablado en Estados Unidos Región Cuencas del Yukón y Koyukuk (Alaska) Hablantes … Wikipedia Español