In Greek mythology, Capaneus was a son of Hipponous and Astynome, and husband of Evadne, with whom he fathered Sthenelus.

According to the legend, Capaneus had immense strength and body size and was an outstanding warrior. He was also notorious for his arrogance. He stood just at the wall of Thebes at the siege of Thebes and shouted that Jove himself could not stop him from invading it. In Aeschylus, he bears a shield with an armored man withstanding fire, a torch in hand, which reads 'I will burn the city,' in token of this. Jove struck and killed Capaneus with a thunderbolt, and Evadne threw herself on her husband's funeral pyre and died. His story was told by Aeschylus in his Seven against Thebes, by Euripides, and by the Roman poet Statius.

In the Divine Comedy, Dante sees Capaneus in the seventh circle (third round) of Hell, which is in the fourteenth Canto. Along with the other blasphemers, or those "violent against God", Capaneus is condemned to lie supine on a plain of burning sand while fire rains down on him. He continues to curse the deity (whom, being a pagan, he addresses as "Jove" aka Jupiter) despite the ever harsher pains he thus inflicts upon himself, so that God "thereby should not have glad vengeance."

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См. также в других словарях:

  • CAPANEUS — nobilis Argivus, maritus Euadnes, qui una cum Polynice ad bellum Thebanum profectus, cum scalas muris admo. vere vellet, a Thebanis lapidibus fuitobrutus. Hinc factus est locus fabulae, Capaneum cum Deorum contemptor esset, a Iove Fulmine esse… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Capaneus — Kapaneus unter den thebischen Mauern, um 340 v. Chr., Getty Villa (92.AE.86) Kapaneus, einer der sieben Helden im Zuge gegen Theben, Sohn des Hipponoos. Er vermaß sich beim Sturm auf die Stadt, zu behaupten, dass er auch gegen den Willen des Zeus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Capaneus — /keuh pay nee euhs, kap euh noohs , nyoohs /, n. Class. Myth. one of the Seven against Thebes, who was destroyed by Zeus for blasphemy. * * * …   Universalium

  • Capaneus — /keuh pay nee euhs, kap euh noohs , nyoohs /, n. Class. Myth. one of the Seven against Thebes, who was destroyed by Zeus for blasphemy …   Useful english dictionary

  • КАПАНЕЙ —    • Capāneus,          Καπανεύς, см. Adrastus, Адраст, и Euadne, Эвадна …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Seven Against Thebes — Scene from the Seven against Thebes: Capaneus scales the city wall of Thebes, Campanian red figure amphora, ca. 340 BC, Getty Villa (92.AE.86) Written by …   Wikipedia

  • Seven against Thebes — 1. Class. Myth. seven heroes, Amphiaraus, Capaneus, Eteoclus, Hippomedon, Parthenopaeus, Polynices, and Tydeus, who led an expedition against Thebes to depose Eteocles in favor of his brother Polynices: the expedition failed, but the Epigoni, the …   Universalium

  • List of cultural references in The Divine Comedy — The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri is a long allegorical poem in three parts or canticas (or cantiche ), Inferno (Hell), Purgatorio (Purgatory), and Paradiso (Paradise), and 100 cantos, with the Inferno having 34, Purgatorio 33, and Paradiso 33 …   Wikipedia

  • Dante Symphony — A Symphony to Dante s Divine Comedy, S.109, or simply the Dante Symphony , is a program symphony composed by Franz Liszt. Written in the high romantic style, it is based on Dante Alighieri s journey through Hell and Purgatory, as depicted in The… …   Wikipedia

  • Iphis (disambiguation) — Iphis is the name of seven characters in Greek mythology:1. Iphis, daughter (and later son) of Ligdus and Telethusa.2. Iphis, a humble man, who killed himself for love of Anaxarete.3. Iphis, son of Alector, and one of the kings in Argos.… …   Wikipedia

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