Fenerbahçe S.K.


Fenerbahçe S.K.

Football club infobox
torrente = premier league 2007-08


fullname = Fenerbahçe Sports Club
nickname = Yellow Canaries
founded = 1907
ground = Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, Kadıköy-İstanbul, Turkey
capacity = 55,000
sponsor = Adidas
chairman = Flagicon|Turkey Aziz Yıldırımcite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/detay.asp?ContentID=9 | title=Club Management | accessdate=2007-09-02]
manager = Flagicon|Spain Luis Aragonés
league = Turkcell Süper Lig
season = 2007-08
position = Turkcell Süper Lig, 2nd
pattern_la1=_navyshoulders
pattern_b1=_yellow_stripes
pattern_ra1=_navyshoulders
leftarm1=FFF000
body1= 000080
rightarm1=FFF000
shorts1= 000080
socks1= 000080
pattern_la2=_navyshoulders
pattern_b2=_yellowhoops
pattern_ra2=_navyshoulders
pattern_sh2=_blue stripes
pattern_so2=_whitehorizontal
leftarm2=FFF000
body2=FFFFFF
rightarm2=FFF000
shorts2=FFFFFF
socks2=FFF000
pattern_la3=_shoulder stripes blue stripes half
pattern_b3=_shoulder stripes blue stripes
pattern_ra3=_shoulder stripes blue stripes half
leftarm3=CCFF00
body3=CCFF00
rightarm3=CCFF00
shorts3=000080
socks3=000080

shirtsupplier=Adidas
shirtsponsors=Avea
"'

Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü ( _en. Fenerbahçe Sports Club), commonly known as Fenerbahçe (pronounced|feneːɾbatʃe), is a professional sports club based in the district of Kadıköy (also known as the "Fenerbahçe district") in İstanbul, Turkey. The name of the sports club (as well as the "nickname" of Kadıköy) derives from a famous lighthouse located within the area ('Fener' in Turkish means lighthouse, 'bahçe' means garden). Fenerbahçe is one of the most popular sports clubs in Turkey. The most famous branch of the club is football cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/futbol | title=Branches, Football | work=Fenerbahçe.org | accessdate=2007-09-02] . Fenerbahçe's football team currently plays in Turkcell Süper Lig. They are nicknamed "The Yellow Canaries" ( _tr. Sarı Kanaryalar) and play their home games at Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadyumu in Kadıköy.

The club also competes in basketballcite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/kategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=38 | title=Branches, Basketball | work=Fenerbahçe.org | accessdate=2007-09-02] , volleyballcite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/kategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=78 | title=Branches, Volleyball | work=Fenerbahçe.org | accessdate=2007-09-02] , rowingcite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/kategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=82 | title=Branches, Rowing | work=Fenerbahce.org | accessdate=2007-09-02] , boxingcite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/kategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=4046 | title=Branches, Boxing | work=Fenerbahce.org | accessdate=2007-09-02] , sailingcite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/kategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=955 | title=Branches, Sailing | work=Fenerbahce.org | accessdate=2007-09-02] , athleticscite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/kategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=2226 | title=Branches, Athletics | work=Fenerbahçe.org | accessdate=2007-09-02] , swimmingcite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/kategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=51 | title=Branches, Swimming | work=Fenerbahce.org | accessdate=2007-09-02] and table tenniscite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/kategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=4682 | title=Branches, Table Tennis | work=Fenerbahce.org | accessdate=2007-09-02] . Fenerbahçe celebrated its centennial year in 2007.

History

Ziya Songülen, Ayetullah Bey founded Fenerbahçe Spor Külübü in 1907 on Beşbıyık Street in Moda, Istanbul.cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/eng/kurumsaldetay.asp?ContentID=2 | title=General Information | work=Fenerbahçe.org | accessdate=2007-04-15] The club had to be kept under wraps because of the strict Ottoman law under Sultan Abdul Hamid, where Turkish youth were not allowed to set up clubs or play football.cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsaldetay.asp?ContentID=6 | title=Tarihçe | work=Fenerbahce.org | accessdate=2007-04-15] Ziya Songülen was elected the first president of the club, Ayetullah Bey became the first General Secretary, and Necip Okaner was given the post of the General Captain. The lighthouse situated on the Fenerbahçe cape was a big influence on the design of the club's first emblem, which sported the yellow and white colors of daffodils around the lighthouse. The kits were also designed with yellow and white stripes. The emblem and colors of the club were changed in 1910 when Topuz Hikmet redesigned the badge and changed the colors to yellow and navy, still seen today. Fenerbahçe's activities were kept in secrecy until a legislation reform in 1908, when, under a new law, all football clubs had to register to exist legally. Fenerbahçe joined the Istanbul League in 1909, finishing fifth in their first year. The first line-up included Ziya Songülen, Ayetullah Bey, Necip Okaner, Galip Kulaksızoğlu, Hassan Sami Kocamemi, Asaf Beşpınar, Enver Yetiker, Şevkati Hulusi Bey, Fuat Hüsnü Kayacan, Hamit Hüsnü Kayacan, and Nasuhi Baydar.cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsaldetay.asp?ContentID=7 | title=Tarihçe - 4. Sayfa | work=Fenerbahce.org | accessdate=2007-04-16]

Fenerbahçe played against the staff of the Royal Navy that occupied Istanbul during the Turkish War of Independence. Some British soldiers formed football teams that were named after the players' speciality, for example Essex Engineers, Irish Guards, Grenadiers, and Artillery. These teams played against each other and against local football teams in Istanbul. Fenerbahçe won many of these matches.cite web| url=http://www.angelfire.com/d20/tfab/1922/ana.html | title=Müttefik Kuvvetler ile Yapılan Maçlar | work=TFAB | accessdate=2007-06-14]

The Turkish Football Federation founded a national league in 1959, which continues today under the name of the Turkcell Super League. Fenerbahçe won the first tournament, beating Galatasaray S.K. 4-1 on aggregate.cite web |url=http://www.angelfire.com/nj/sivritepe/5859/tl.html |title=1959 Milli Lig |work=Erdinç Sivritepe |accessdate=2007-06-17 ] The next year, Fenerbahçe participated in the UEFA Champions League for the first time. They qualified through a 4-3 win over Csepel SC. They lost their first round game to OGC Nice 1-5 in a playoff game after drawing on aggregate.cite web| url=http://www.rsssf.com/ec/ec195960.html | title=European Competitions 1959-60 | work=James M. Ross and RSSSF | accessdate=2007-06-17] Fenerbahçe became the most successful Turkish club of the 1960s, winning five out of 10 leagues. They were also runners-up three times.cite web| url=http://www.angelfire.com/nj/sivritepe/artl.html | title=Archives | last=Sivritepe | first=Erdinç | work=Turkish-soccer.com | accessdate=2007-05-02] cite web| url=http://www.tff.org/default.aspx?pageID=379 | title=TURKCELL SÜPER LİG ŞAMPİYONLUKLARI | work=TFF.org | accessdate=2007-06-17] In the 1967 Balkans Cup (a competition set up for clubs from Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Turkey, and Yugoslavia that existed between the 1960-61 and 1993-94 seasons), Fenerbahçe won the cup after three matches against Greek club AEK Athens FC, making them the first Turkish club to win a non-domestic competition. This success would remain unparalleled by a Turkish club until Sarıyer G.K. and Samsunspor won the cup many years later in the 1990s.

The 1970s saw Fenerbahçe win four more league titles. The decade also saw the first non-Istanbul club and a club outside of Fenerbahçe,Beşiktaş J.K., and Galatasaray S.K. to win a league title. Trabzonspor went on to win four titles during the decade. Fenerbahçe won three titles in the 1980s, a period where each club in the "Big Four" [Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray, and Trabzonspor] won at least two titles Galatasaray S.K. and Beşiktaş J.K. dominated the Turkish League during the 1990s, combining to win nine out of 10 times. Fenerbahçe's only Turkish League success during the 1990s came in the 1995-1996 season under Carlos Alberto Parreira.Fenerbahçe won the league in 2001, denying Galatasaray a fifth consecutive title. They followed up the next season with a runners-up place behind Galatasaray with new coach Werner Lorant. The next season, however, did not go so well as Fenerbahçe finished in sixth place with Ariel Ortega in the squad.cite web| url=http://www.angelfire.com/nj/sivritepe/0203/1.html | title=2002-2003 1.Süper Lig | work=Erdinç Sivritepe | accessdate=2007-06-17] Despite this, that season is memorable to many Fenerbahçe fans due to a 6-0 victory against arch-rivals Galatasaray in Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium on 6 November 2002. cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahcecumhuriyeti.org/Film_Afisleri_6-0.asp | title=6 November Victory | work=fenerbahcecumhuriyeti.org | accessdate=2007-09-02] After firing Werner Lorant, they hired another German coach, Christoph Daum. Daum had previously coached in Turkey, winning the league with Beşiktaş J.K. in 1994-95. Fenerbahçe brought in players including Pierre van Hooijdonk, Mehmet Aurélio, and Fabio Luciano as a rebuilding process. These new players lead Fenerbahçe to their fifteenth title and third star (one being awarded for every 5 league titles won by a club).cite web| url=http://www.angelfire.com/nj/sivritepe/0304/1.html | title=2003-2004 1.Super League | work=Erdinç Sivritepe | accessdate=2007-06-17] The next year was followed up by a narrow championship over Trabzonspor, winning the then record of sixteen Turkish First Football League championships.cite web| url=http://www.angelfire.com/nj/sivritepe/0405/1.html | title=2004-2005 1.Super League | work=Erdinç Sivritepe | accessdate=2007-06-17] Fenerbahçe lost the title in the last week of the 2005-06 season to Galatasaray. Fenerbahçe needed a win, but instead drew 1-1 with Denizlispor while Galatasaray won 3-0 over Kayserispor.

Soon after, Christoph Daum stepped down as manager,cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/arama.asp?txtSearch=daum&sayfa=2# | title=Teşekkürlerimizle... | work=Fenerbahce.org | date=2006-06-16 | accessdate=2007-05-29] and was replaced by Zico on 4 July, 2006.cite web| url=http://soccernet.espn.go.com/news/story?id=373241&cc=5739 | title=Zico signs two-year Fenerbahce coaching deal | work=ESPNsoccernet | date=2006-07-04 | accessdate=2007-05-29] Zico began his reign by signing two new defenders, highly-touted Uruguayan international Diego Lugano, and fellow Brazilian Edu Dracena.cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/detay.asp?ContentID=4433 | title=Türkiye’nin en büyük takımına gidiyorum | work=Fenerbahce.org | date=2006-08-17 | accessdate=2007-05-29] cite web| url=http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/sport/archives/2006/08/28/2003325300 | title=Dracena to Fenerbahce | work=Taipei Times | date=2006-08-28 | accessdate=2007-05-29] Zico also signed two strikers, Serbian international Mateja Kežman, and another Brazilian, Deivid.cite web| url=http://english.people.com.cn/200608/29/eng20060829_297735.html | title=Fenerbahce soccer club signs four-year contract with Mateja Kezman | work=People's Daily Online | date=2006-08-29 | accessdate=2007-05-29] Fenerbahçe's 2006-07 domestic season started off with a 6-0 win over relegation candidates Kayseri Erciyesspor.cite web| url=http://www.ligtv.com.tr/MacRaporu.aspx?m=14719 | title=Maç Raporu | work=LigTV.com.tr | date=2006-08-05 | accessdate=2007-05-29] In the 32nd week of the Turkcell Super League, Fenerbahçe drew Trabzonspor 2-2, while Beşiktaş J.K. lost to Bursaspor 0-3, putting the former out of contention for the title.cite web| url=http://www.ligtv.com.tr/MacRaporu.aspx?m=15218 | title=Maç Raporu | work=LigTV.com.tr | date=2007-05-13 | accessdate=2007-05-29] cite web| url=http://www.ligtv.com.tr/MacRapoasdfasfsfasfru.aspx?m=15220 | title=Maç Raporu | work=LigTV.com.tr | date=2007-05-13 | accessdate=2007-05-29] Fenerbahçe won their seventeenth Turkish Super League title in 2007, the most in Turkey.cite web| url=http://www.uefa.com/footballeurope/news/kind=2/newsid=537891.html | title=Fenerbahçe handed Turkish crown | work=UEFA.com | date=2007-05-13 fdsafdsafasf| accessdate=2007-05-13]

Fenerbahçe started off their 2007-08 season by signing Brazilian international Roberto Carlos.cite web| url=http://www.fifa.com/worldfootball/clubfootball/news/newsid=533051.html | title=Fenerbahce sign Roberto Carlos | work=FIFA.com | date=2007-06-06 | accessdate=2007-06-14] The deal saw the defender come for free after his contract was not extended by Real Madrid. Young Turkish players like Gökhan Gönül, Yasin Çakmak, İlhan Parlak, Ali Bilgin, Turkish-English attacker Colin Kâzım-Richards, Turkish-Brazilian left back Wederson joined Fenerbahçe in the beginning of the season and Chile national football team captain Claudio Maldonado joined the team in January'08 transfer window.

On 11 January 2007 Fenerbahce S.K. was officially invited to G-14.cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/eng/detay.asp?ContentID=652 | title=Fenerbahçe invited to G-14 | work=Fenerbahce.org | accessdate=2007-11-04] G-14 is an association which consists of top clubs worldwide. Fenerbahçe S.K. is the first and only Turkish club that have been invited to this association. On March 2008, Fenerbahçe's record application was accepted by Guinness World Records Menagement Team, which envisages Fenerbahçe to have the most number of medal and trophy achievements on the planet with its 9 branches entirely, total of 1134 cups and medals.cite web| url=http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/spor/futbol/8487765.asp?gid=229&sz=3827 | title=Fenerbahçe en fazla kupa kazanan takım| work=hurriyet.com.tr | date=2008-03-18 | accessdate=2008-03-18]

Under Zico’s command Fenerbahçe has qualified from UEFA Champions League 2007-08 groups stage for the first time of club's history and beat Sevilla FC to become a quarter-finalist in 2007-08 season. So far, Zico also is the most successful manager of team's history in the European arena.

After successful scores both in local league of Turkey and international matches, Zico gained a new nickname from Fenerbahçe fans: "Kral Arthur" (means "King Arthur" in Turkish). For the team's nickname "King Arthur and his Knights". Since 2000 Fenerbahçe S.K. improved club's finances with facilities, bringing world stars to the club such as Kennet Andersson, Haim Revivo, Ariel Ortega, Serhiy Rebrov, Pierre van Hooijdonk, Alex de Souza, Stephen Appiah, Nicolas Anelka and lately Mateja Kežman, Roberto Carlos ,Emre Belözoğlu, and Dani Güiza.

Presidents

"from the official site" cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/detay.asp?ContentID=18 | title=Başkanlarımız/Presidents | work=Fenerbahce.org | accessdate=2007-09-02]
* 1907–1908 N. Ziya Songülen
* 1908–1909 Ayetullah Bey
* 1909–1910 Tevfik H. Taşçı
* 1911–1912 O. Fuat Efendi
* 1912–1914 H. Hüsnü Kayacan
* 1914–1915 Hulusi Salih Paşa
(Salih Hulusi Kezrak)
* 1915–1916 M. Sabri Toprak
* 1916–1918 Dr. Nazım Bey
* 1918–1919 İ. A. Nuri Sekizinci
* 1920–1923 Ömer Faruk Efendi
* 1924–1927 Nasuhi Baydar
* 1928–1932 M. Menemencioğlu
* 1932–1933 Sait S. Cihanoğlu
* 1933–1934 Hayri Celal Atamer
* 1934–1950 Şükrü Saraçoğlu
* 1950–1951 Ali M. Hacıbekir
* 1951–1953 O. Kavrakoğlu
* 1953–1954 Bedii Yazıcı
* 1955–1957 Zeki Rıza Sporel
* 1958–1959 Agah Erozan
* 1960–1960 Medeni Berk
* 1960–1961 Hasan Kamil Sporel
* 1961–1962 Razi Trak
* 1962–1966 İsmet Uluğ
* 1966–1974 Faruk Ilgaz
* 1974–1976 Emin Cankurtaran
* 1976–1980 Faruk Ilgaz
* 1980–1981 Razi Trak
* 1981–1983 Ali Haydar Şen
* 1983–1984 Faruk Ilgaz
* 1984–1986 Fikret Arıcan
* 1986–1989 Tahsin Kaya
* 1989–1993 Metin Aşık
* 1993–1994 Güven Sazak
* 1994–1994 Hasan Özaydın
* 1994–1998 Ali Haydar Şen
* 1998— Aziz Yıldırım

Historical players

When it was first founded in 1907, Fenerbahçe had a large squad. One of these players, Galip Kulaksızoğlu, was the longest serving player of the original squad. He spent seventeen years at the club, retiring in 1924 after 216 matches.cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahcecumhuriyeti.org/Fenerbahcenin_En_Cok_Forma_Giyen_Futbolculari.asp | title=FENERBAHÇE'NİN EN UZUN SÜRE FORMA GİYEN FUTBOLCULAR | work=FenerbahceCumhuriyeti.org | accessdate=2007-06-18 ] Zeki Rıza Sporel was the first product of the Fenerbahçe youth system. During his eighteen year career with the club, Zeki scored 470 goals in 352 matches, or 1.3 goals every match. Zeki was also capped for the Turkey national football team sixteen times, bagging 15 goals.cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahcecumhuriyeti.org/Efsane_Zeki_Riza_Sporel.asp | title=Zeki Rıza Sporel | work=FenerbahceCumhuriyeti.org | accessdate=2007-06-18 ] Cihat Arman became the first in a long-line of long-serving goalkeepers at Fenerbahçe. Cihat played twelve seasons with the club, playing in 308 matches.

Lefter Küçükandonyadis was one of the first Turkish football players to play in Europe. Lefter spent two seasons in Europe, playing for ACF Fiorentina and OGC Nice before returning to Fenerbahçe. In all, Lefter scored 423 goals in 615 matches for the club, helping them to two Istanbul Football League titles, and three Turkish First Football League titles.cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahcecumhuriyeti.org/Efsane_Lefter_Kucukandonyadis.asp | title=Lefter Küçükandonyadis | work=FenerbahceCumhuriyeti.org | accessdate=2007-06-18 ] Another player, Can Bartu, became the next big Turkish export to Europe. He was also the first Turkish player to play in a European competition final, doing so with ACF Fiorentina against Rangers on January 1, 1961.cite web| url=http://www.kimkimdir.gen.tr/kimkimdir.php?id=773 | title=Can Bartu | work=Kim Kimdir? | accessdate=2007-06-18] Can also spent some seasons playing for Venezia A.C. and S.S. Lazio before returning to Fenerbahçe in 1967. He was a four-time league champion with Fenerbahçe and scored 162 goals in 330 matches.cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahcecumhuriyeti.org/Efsane_Can_Bartu.asp | title=Can Bartu | work=FenerbahceCumhuriyeti.org | accessdate=2007-06-18]

In recent decades, Fenerbahçe have gained an influx of foreigners who have helped the club to a joint-record of seventeen league titles. Among these include Uche Okechukwu, who after 13 seasons with Fenerbahçe and Istanbulspor became the longest serving foreigner in Turkey. During Uche's career with Fenerbahçe, he won two league titles and became a fan favourite.cite web| url=http://fenerbahce.sewgilim.com/31363/Uche:+%22En+b%FCy%FCk+hayalim+F.Bah%E7e+taraftar%FDn%FDn+alk%FD%FElar%FDyla+futbolu+b%FDrakmak.html | title=Uche: "En büyük hayalim F.Bahçe taraftarının alkışlarıyla futbolu bırakmak | work=SuperSpor.com | date=2007-03-24 | accessdate=2007-06-18] In more recent times, Fenerbahçe has been the home to Brazilian-born Mehmet Aurélio (Marco Aurélio), who in 2006, became the first naturalized Turkish citizen to play for the Turkey national football team cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/eng/detay.asp?ContentID=664 | title=Aurelio’s Turk status confirmed | work=Fenerbahçe.org | date=2006-08-02 | accessdate=2007-06-18] . Wederson (Gökçek Vederson), another Brazilian-born naturalized Turkish citizen, was added to the squad in the beginning of the 2007-2008 season and now plays for Fenerbahçe and the Turkey national football team. cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/popdetay.asp?ContentID=7735 | title=Wederson: They want, I came | work=Fenerbahce.org | date=2007-06-11 | accessdate=2007-09-23]

Colours and badge

Football kit box
align = right
pattern_b =
pattern_ra =
pattern_la =
leftarm = D4AF37
body = D4AF37
rightarm = D4AF37
shorts = 1F2B6E
socks = 1F2B6E
title = Centennial year kit.

Since the club's foundation, Fenerbahçe has used the same badge, which has only undergone minor alterations.

It was designed by Topuz Hikmet (Hikmet Topuzer) who played left wing in 1910 and was made by Tevfik Haccar (Taşcı) in London. The emblem consists of five colours. The white section which includes the writing "Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü 1907" represents purity and open heartedness, the red section represents love and attachment to the club and symbolises the Turkish flag. The yellow middle section symbolises admiration and envy, while the navy symbolises nobility. The "oak acorn" leaf which rises from the navy and yellow section shows the power of Fenerbahçe. The green colour of the leaf shows the success of Fenerbahçe is imperative.cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/eng/kurumsaldetay.asp?ContentID=16 | title=Emblem | work=Fenerbahce.org | accessdate=2007-04-15]

Hikmet Topuzer describes the story of the emblem:

Stadium

Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadiumcite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/stadyum/tr/index.asp | title=Wiew Saraçoğlu | work=Fenerbahçe.org | accessdate=2007-09-02] is a football stadium in the Kadıköy district of İstanbul, Turkey. It is the home venue of Fenerbahçe S.K. It was inaugurated in 1908 and was renovated between 1999 and 2006, increasing the capacity.

The Fenerbahçe Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium is rapidly becoming one of Europe’s elite football arenas. Fenerbahçe’s huge investments in top quality facilities since President Aziz Yıldırım’s election has been much appreciated by players and fans alike and the stadium has been the major part in this.

This style of stadium has never before existed in Turkey, as the stands are usually separated from the pitch by a running track. These stand include "corporate boxes" which have all been rented out from the club. These corporate boxes, equipped with TVs, Internet, work areas, dining facilities and many other luxuries, are the first of their kind in Turkey. The current total capacity of the stadium is 52.056.cite web| url=http://www.tff.org/Default.aspx?pageID=394&stadID=86 | title=Turkish Football Federation Information Pages for 2006-2007 Season | accessdate=2007-05-13] . Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, was selected to host the 2009 UEFA Cup final. [cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/eng/detay.asp?ContentID=718 | title=Saracoğlu to host 2009 UEFA Cup Final | work=Fenerbahçe.org | date=2006-10-04| accessdate=2007-04-15]

Museum

Fenerbahçe has a huge leading profile over other clubs concerning trophies. Fenerbahçe S.K. has won many trophies at the currently active branches and at some other branches which have been discontinued.

During the Turkish War of Independence, Fenerbahçe played against many teams set up by the invading forces and injected morale to the Turkish people by winning those games. Fenerbahçe’s football team has many records which are still not broken. Yet the success is not limited only with the football team. At the Olympics, the first medal won by a Turkish sportsperson in a field outside of wrestling was Fenerbahçe athlete, Ruhi Sarıalp. In athletics, the only Turkish club to have won the European Championship is Fenerbahçe S.K.

The museum was moved from location to location and has been renovated on several occasions during the club's history. Most recently the museum was moved to Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium and opened on October 19, 2005. cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/fbmuze/ | title=FENERBAHÇE MÜZESİ TARİHİ | work=Fenerbahce.org | accessdate=2007-05-28]

Other facilities

Other club facilities include the social venue, the training complex, the club headquarters, the Dereağzı Metin Aşık camp facilities, the youth academy football centre, the sports hall, the Fikirtepe facilities, the college, and the swimming pool.cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsaldetay.asp?ContentID=30 | title=Tesisler | work=Fenerbahçe.org | accessdate=2007-06-17]

*Caferağa Sport Hall, is a multi-purpose indoor arena located in Kadıköy and opened in 1982. It is owned by the Municipality of Kadıköy District and operated by the Directorate of Youth and Sport of Istanbul Province. [ [http://www.istanbul-gsim.gov.tr/Default.asp?Section=Page&Act=Detail&ID=45 Directorate of Youth and Sport of Istanbul Province] tr icon] Women's basketball team (Fenerbahçe İstanbul) and volleyball teams (Fenerbahçe Men's Volleyball and Fenerbahçe Women's Volleyball) play their league matches.

*Atatürk Sport Hall, will be new hall with capacity 12.000 is to be built [ [http://fenerbahce.org/eng/detay.asp?ContentID=447 Atatürk Sport Hall will start to built in a year] ] in a few years. The basketball teams (Fenerbahçe Ülker and Fenerbahçe İstanbul), volleyball teams (Fenerbahçe Men's Volleyball and Fenerbahçe Women's Volleyball) will play their league matches.

* The Faruk Ilgaz Social Venue, located next to the club’s headquarters, is the new venue for the club’s gatherings. It was initially opened 15 May 1969 but Aziz Yıldırım rebuilt a modern complex and re-opened it on 21 January 2004.

* Samandıra Training Complex; the construction for this top quality training complex began in 1997 during Ali Şen’s presidency. The construction was completed in the year 2000. Serves the senior football team.

* Dereağzı Metin Aşık Camp Facilities, serves Fenerbahçe PAF and is located at Dereağzı. Re-opened in 1989. Facilities also serve the athletics branch, the boxing branch, the rowing branch and the sailing branch.

* Youth Football Academy, located next to the Metin Aşık Camp Facilities. Built in 1999, serves the youth ranks of the football branch.

* The Fikirtepe Facilities, located on Yumurtacı Abdi Bey Road, Kadıköy. Opened July 1st 1998, serves youth football development.
* The Sports Hall, located on Munir Nurettin Selcuk Road Kızıltoprak. Refurbished 24 February.2001. First opened in 1982. Serves Fenerbahçe Ülker, Fenerbahçe Istanbul, Fenerbahçe Men's Volleyball and Fenerbahçe Women's Volleyball teams.

* Vefa Küçük Swimming Pool, opened on 16 July 1999 and serves the swimming branch.

Supporters

Since rebuilding the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, Fenerbahçe's average attendances have been in the top in Turkey, though in the 2006-07 season Fenerbahçe's attendances fell slightly, to an average league attendance of approximately 45,000, which still is a much higher number of the capacity crowds that their arch-rivals Galatasaray and Besiktas have ever seen. Fenerbahçe's high attendance rates are unrivaled in Turkey and supporters create the most crowded and supportive performances of the Turkish League respectively. [ [http://www.zaman.com.tr/webapp-tr/haber.do?haberno=473999 Fenerbahçe supporters on top again!] "zaman.com.tr" Retrieved on 23 September 2007]

cquote|"Hep Destek Tam Destek""(Continual Unwavering Support)"|30px|30px|Fans Motto

Fenerbahçe have some supporters organisations as Genç Fenerbahçeliler (GFB), Kill For You (KFY), Antu/Fenerlist, UniFeb, Group CK (Cefakâr Kanaryalar), Vamos Bien and SUADFEB.

*"See also: Top average attendances of European football clubs."

Genç Fenerbahçeliler

GFB is leader group of Fenerbahçe Supporters Society. The group has six lower groups; 1907 Gençlik (founded in 2000 and joined GFB in 2001), GFB Europe, Lise GFB (founded by high school students in 2002), Uni GFB (founded by university students in 2001), GFB’s Angels (ladies group) and Devils of GFB (founded in 2004).

GFB has 63 city representations, 54 university representations and 10 international representations (United States, Australia, Germany, Belgium, France, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Denmark, Sweden).

Group and sub-groups locate in Migros and Maraton tribune of Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium

1907 UniFeb

Founded in 2002. All members have been university students and located in Telsim tribune of Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium.

Antu/Fenerlist

Group is an internet fanbase society founded by Metin Şen and Adnan Şen brothers who are sons of Fenerbahçe former president Ali Şen. Organizations have 33 international representations, 37 city representations and 50,000 members worldwide. Members are located in the Telsim tribune of Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium.

Group CK

Group CK (Cefakar Kanaryalar) was founded in 1999 by Alpaslan Özçelik. Group supports the team on all professional and amateur matches. Located in the Telsim tribune of Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium. The communicate each other on internet. (www.grupck.com)

Vamos bien

Founded in 2006, most of the members have left-wing political stance.

SUADFEB

SUADFEB (Suadiye Fenerbahçeliler Derneği) was founded in 2007. All members have been living at the Suadiye Neighborhood. Located in the Migros tribune of Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium.

Sponsorship

Companies that Fenerbahçe S.K. currently has sponsorship deals with include [cite web |url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/ |title=Media & PR |accessdate=2007-06-21 |year=2007 |publisher= Fenerbahçe.org ]
*Avea - Main sponsor
*Fenerium - Main sponsor
*Adidas- Official sponsor
*Acıbadem - Official sponsor
*Alpet - Official sponsor
*Aras Cargo - Official sponsor
*Arçelik - Official sponsor
*Ülker - Official sponsor
*Koç Holding - Official sponsor
*Audi - Official sponsor
*Doğuş Holding - Official sponsor
*Denizbank - Official sponsor
*Efes Pilsen - Official sponsor
*Siemens - Official sponsor
*Vakıfbank - Official sponsor
*Mail2Web - Internet service

Fenerbahçe TV

Fenerbahçe TV (FB TV) is first sports club channel of Turkey [ [http://fb.tv FB TV Official Website] ] The channel launched in 2004 over satellite (Free-To-Air on Turksat 2A located 42° East, 11804 V 24444 5/6), satellite network services and cable service. [ [http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsalkategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=36 Informations on Fenerbahçe.org] ]

The Board of Directors

*Aziz Yıldırım - President
*Nihat Özdemir - Deputy President, Press Spokesman
*Vedat Olcay - General Secretary
*Mahmut Uslu - Vice-President, Responsible for Amateur Departments
*Şekip Mosturoğlu - Vice-President, Responsible for Law & Institutional Relations
*Ali Koç - Vice-President, Member
*Ali Yıldırım - Vice-President, Member
*Murat Özaydınlı - Vice-President, Member
*Nihat Özbağı - Vice-President, Responsible for Investment & Project
*Mithat Yenigün - Vice-President, Responsible for Social Organizations & Associations
*Serhat Çeçen - Vice-President, Responsible for Formal Association Relations
*Neşet Yalçın - Vice-President, Responsible for International Relations
*Tahir Perek - Vice-President, Responsible for Financial Process
*Tuncay Uzun - Vice-President, Responsible for Sportive Company
*Ömer Temelli - Responsible for Stadium and Football Infrastructure
*Ünal Uzun - Responsible for Social Organizations
*Turan Şahin - Fenerbahçe Training Company
*Semih Özsoy - Basketball Department Assistant
*Hakan Dinçay - Responsible for Volleyball Department
*Ercan Karasu - Responsible for Associations

Achievements

*Turkish Super League Championships:
**Winners (17): 1959, 1960-61, 1963-64, 1964-65, 1967-68, 1969-70, 1973-74, 1974-75, 1977-78, 1982-83, 1984-85, 1988-89, 1995-96, 2000-01, 2003-04, 2004-05, 2006-07
**Runners-up (16): 1960, 1961-62, 1966-67, 1970-71, 1972-73, 1975-76, 1976-77, 1979-80, 1983-84, 1989-90, 1991-92, 1993-94, 1997-98, 2001-02, 2005-06, 2007-2008
*Turkish Cup:
**Winners (4): 1968, 1974, 1979, 1983
**Runners-up (7): 1963, 1965, 1989, 1996, 2001, 2005, 2006
*Turkish Super Cup
**Winners (1): 2007
*Balkans Cup:
**Winners (1): 1966-67
*Atatürk Cup:
**Winners (2): 1964, 1998
*President Cup:
**Winners (6): 1968, 1973, 1975, 1984, 1985, 1990
*Chancellor Cup:
**Winners (8): 1945, 1946, 1950, 1973, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1998
*TSYD Cup:
**Winners (12): 1969, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1994, 1995
*Turkish Football Championship:
**Winners (3): 1932-33, 1934-35, 1943-44
*Istanbul Football League:
**Winners (16): 1911-12, 1913-14, 1914-15, 1920-21, 1922-23, 1929-30, 1932-33, 1934-35, 1935-36, 1936-37, 1943-44, 1946-47, 1947-48, 1952-53, 1956-57, 1958-59
*Istanbul Football Cup:
**Winners (1): 1944
*Fleet Cup:
**Winners (4): 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985
*Istanbul Shield:
**Winners (4): 1930, 1934, 1938, 1939
*National He

**Winners (6): 1936-37, 1939-40, 1942-43, 1944-45, 1945-46, 1949-50
*Spor-Toto Cup:
**Winners (1): 1967
*General Harrington Trophy:
**Winners (1): 1923

Current squad

"As of September 5 2008; according to the official website. [http://www.fenerbahce.org/futbola/kategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=17] .

Players out on loan

Other branches

Basketball

Fenerbahçe's second biggest branch is men and women basketball teams. In 2006 Fenerbahçe's men basketball department was merged with Ülkerspor's department and women basketball department was sponsored by Aras Cargo. Although they were a weak team before this marriage, they won the championship twice after this event. The women basketball team is the most successful team of Fenerbahçe Sports Club. In last five years Fenerbahçe women basketball team won 13 of 15 cups that the team have competed.

"For men's basketball" [ [http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/kategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=38 Men's basketball squad] "fenerbahce.org" Retrieved on 23 September 2007] main|Fenerbahçe Ülker"For women's basketball" [ [http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/kategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=39 Women's basketball squad] "Fenerbahçe.org" Retrieved on 23 September 2007] main|Fenerbahçe İstanbul

Volleyball

Fenerbahçe's third biggest branch is men and women volleyball teams. In 2008 Fenerbahçe's men volleyball department win the Turkish championship.

"For men's volleyball" [ [http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/detay.asp?ContentID=78 Men's volleyball squad] "Fenerbahçe.org" Retrieved on 09 October 2007] main|Fenerbahçe Men's Volleyball"For women's volleyball" [ [http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/detay.asp?ContentID=79 Women's volleyball squad] "Fenerbahçe.org" Retrieved on 09 October 2007] main|Fenerbahçe Women's Volleyball

Athletics

Athletics is an important branch of Fenerbahçe Spor Club. Team has important athletes who have Turkish records. Halil Akkaş also member of Fenerbahçe Athletics branch and Eşref Apak was. American sprinter Justin Gatlin, Canadian sprinter Donovan Bailey and Jamaica born Slovenian sprinter Merlene Ottey were also member of the team.

"For athletics" [cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/kategori.asp?ContentCategoryID=2226 | title=Branches, Athletics | work=Fenerbahçe.org | accessdate=2007-09-02] main|Fenerbahçe Athletics

Boxing

Boxing is an important branch of Fenerbahçe Spor Club. Team has important boxers who have Turkish champions. Atagün Yalçınkaya, Gülsüm Tatar and Sümeyra Kaya also members of Fenerbahçe Boxing branch.

"For boxing" [cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/detay.asp?ContentID=6273 | title=Branches, Boxing | work=Fenerbahçe.org | accessdate=2007-11-13] main|Fenerbahçe Boxing

Rowing

Rowing is an important branch of Fenerbahçe Spor Club. Team has the best rowers of Turkey.

"For rowing" [cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/detay.asp?ContentID=85 | title=Branches, Rowing | work=Fenerbahçe.org | accessdate=2007-11-13] main|Fenerbahçe Rowing

ailing

Sailing is an important branch of Fenerbahçe Spor Club. Çağla Kubat; a famous model of Turkey, is also a sailor of Fenerbahçe Sailing Team.

"For sailing" [cite web| url=http://www.fenerbahce.org/kurumsal/detay.asp?ContentID=955 | title=Branches, Sailing | work=Fenerbahçe.org | accessdate=2007-11-18] main|Fenerbahçe Sailing

References

External links


* [http://www.fenerbahce.org/eng/ Fenerbahçe Sports Club Official Website] en icon
* [http://www.fenerstore.com/en/ Fenerbahçe Sports Club Official Store Website] en icon


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.