- List of automobile model and marque oddities
Automobile manufacturers generally attempt to have a family of vehicles sold under a single marque. Occasionally, however, manufacturers have deemed it important to sell a single vehicle under its own marque. Sometimes this is done because the vehicle is thought of as inappropriate for the other marques of the manufacturer, as was the case with the Dino from Ferrari. Other times, the single-vehicle marque is created as a fashion statement, as is the case with the new MINI. These sometimes develop into full-fledged marques of their own, but just as often disappear as the vehicle is merged with another marque or sales cease entirely. Of course, some manufacturers never make it past selling a single vehicle.
Vehicles such as the
Ford Thunderbird, Ford Mustang, Chevrolet Corvetteand some others have logos of their own, but doesn't necessarily mean that it is a "marque of its own".
Many marques never made it past their first vehicle model. This list contains just those marques that were never intended to have a full roster of different models.
* Surprisingly, only one vehicle was ever offered under the General Motors marque: the EV1. The "GM" badge had previously been used sporadically in the 1960s in addition to the
marque. In 2005, the company decided to add the badge to all GM vehicles, beginning with the Pontiac G6.
Marques only intended for a single vehicle
This list is only for those special single-vehicle marques which are
eponymous, that is named for their only intended vehicle.
*Ford: After the
Ford Model Tbecame popular, and for decades after Model T production ended, many Americans called full-size Ford models "the Ford," whether or not they had model names [http://www.edmunds.com/reviews/generations/articles/93327/article.html] .
Hummer H1was retroactively given that designation when AM Generalintroduced the H2. Previously, the car was simply known as Hummer or Humvee.
* Imperial was a separate marque off and on. The vehicle has just as often been sold as a Chrysler.
* The Lonsdale was a single vehicle marque applied to an Australian version of the
Mitsubishi Sigma- known else where as the Galant - in the United Kingdom by the Colt Car Company in the early 1980s.
* The modern MINI car is its own marque of
BMW; The "Cooper" name is a trim level. BMW reportedly plans to expand MINI into a full marque in the future, but it is currently the only eponymous marque sold in the United States.
* Saturn sold
coupé("SC"), sedan ("SL"), and station wagon("SW") versions of a single vehicle. Though they did have model names, the company encouraged calling them "Saturns" and considered them a single eponymous model. All three were virtually identical. Today, Saturn is a much more traditional marque.
* Smart was a separate marque with just its one eponymous microcar. Later, the marque was expanded and the initial car renamed the Fortwo to make room for the Forfour and Formore.
* Valiant was a separate marque for 1960 before the vehicle was reassigned to
Plymouth. For many years after, it teetered between model name and marque in Australia. The same goes for Oldsmobile's Cutlass and Aurora, and Ford's Thunderbird.
* In the 1970s, the top Chrysler model in Australia was called The Chrysler by Chrysler.
* The Portuguese
Portaroand Spanish Hisparohad no model names, being Daihatsu-powered export versions of the Aro 24 Series.
* Smaller manufacturers sometimes have no need to give other names to their models. That is the case of the original Venturi range, the
Hommelland the Gillet Vertigo, which is simply known as Vertigo.
* With the rebadging of
GM Daewoomodels as Chevrolets in most of the world, Corvette becomes a single-vehicle marque outside the United States.
Range Roverhas been used as a separate single-model marque under the Land Rovercompany in some markets.
AC Carssold its Ace and Acecawithout any marque at all. In fact, the correct pronunciation of these cars, according to a 1959 issue of " Road & Track" is "A-See" and "A-See-Ka", meaning the Ace would be pronounced the same as the builder, AC.
Continental Mark IIrevived a Lincoln nameplate but sought a much higher degree of engineering and opulence and was thus made by "Continental Division", a marque separate from Lincoln. The Mark II was produced in 1956 only (and even at a $10,000 selling point Ford made a loss on each vehicle sold) before Continental Division was moved under the control of Lincoln, and all future Continentals would bear the Lincoln badge.
Marques named after a previous vehicle nameplate
These exceptions include vehicle marques which success off a previous eponymous model:
Models are often sold under different marques in different markets, and are sometimes moved from marque to marque, especially when the former marque disappears. But the case of the same vehicle (with the same model name) being sold under multiple marques in the same market and model year is much more unusual. Although, it was more commonplace at one time in the UK during the 1970s. (see also
* The Colt was both a
Dodgeand Plymouth, though Plymouth previously used the name, Champ. Mitsubishi Motors, maker of the Colt, previously used this name for the entire marque, making the Colt an eponymous model as well. Colt continues to be the name for Mitsubishi's operations in many countries, including the United Kingdom.
* The Neon was available from
Dodgeand Plymouth, and outside the USA, as a Chrysler.
* The Conquest was a rebadged
Mitsubishi Starionsold from 1983 to 1989 by the Chrysler Corporation. From 1983 to 1986, the Conquest was sold under both the Dodge and Plymouth names, until 1987 when it was only sold as a Chrysler.
DaimlerChryslersells the Sprinter vanunder the Freightliner, Dodge, and Mercedes-Benzbrands in many markets.
*The Hillman Hunter was also sold on its home market as Hillman Arrow, Hillman Minx, Singer /Sunbeam Vogue, Singer Gazelle, Humber Sceptre- the only differences being mainly engine sizes and cosmetic differences. It was in production in
Iranuntil 2005, badged as Paykan.
Hillman Avengerwhen facelifted in 1976 was rebadged as Chrysler Avenger. A further rebadging occurred in 1979 (due to Peugeot taking over Chrysler's European operations), to Talbot Avenger. On certain European markets the car was known as Sunbeam Avenger.
* The original Suburban from General Motors was sold under both the
Chevroletand GMC marques. In the late 1990s in Australia, it was sold as a Holdenin right-hand-drive form.
* The original
Miniwas sold at the same time as Morris Mini and Austin Mini in the European market.
* The Russian Oka
city caris sold by both Ladaand Kamaz, as well as a special version for handicapped drivers marketed by SeAZ.
* The BMC "1100" (and later 1300) was sold under the Austin, Morris, MG, Riley and Wolseley marques.
* In general most
British Motor Corporationvehicle had a common chassis and mechanics and only badges or slight bodywork/engine differences. This carried over into the British Leylandperiod to some extent.
* Both the Austin and Morris versions of the BMC "landcrab" were known as the "1800".
* It is not uncommon for marques that do no exist in other country markets to use the same model name for a different marque of the same parent company.
:"See also: ,
List of automobile model nameplates with a discontiguous timelineSometimes, automakers use the same marque and model name on two unrelated models in the same market and model year.
* The best current example is the current
Chrysler Sebring. The coupéis based on the Mitsubishi Galantwhile the sedan and convertibleare based on Chrysler platforms. Despite the name, they share very few components.
Oldsmobilesold four quite different vehicles in the early 1990s under the Cutlass name - the Cutlass Calais, Cutlass Ciera, the Cutlass Cruiser wagon and the Cutlass Supreme.
Jeep Cherokeeand Grand Cherokee of the late 1990s shared very few parts. This was a repeat of the marque's use of Wagoneer and Grand Wagoneer in the previous decade.
* The Mitsubishi Pajero/Montero and Pajero/Montero Sport are entirely different vehicles, and unrelated to the Pajero Mini and Pajero Pinin/Montero iO.
* There is little in common between the
Nissan Pathfinderand Pathfinder Armada. Nissan decided to drop the Pathfinder name from the Armada shortly after the vehicle's launch, but the Pathfinder badge remained for model year 2004.
New Zealandmarket Nissan Sentrarange in the late 1980s comprised of rebadged Nissan PulsarN13 sedan and hatchback variants; the wagon variant was a rebadged Nissan SunnyCalifornia B12 with styling unrelated to the other models.
New Zealandmarket Holden Camirawas initially the same as the Australian Holden Camirawhen released in 1982, however it became a different vehicle to its Australian counterpart during the 1984 model year when the sedan models were replaced by a rebadged Japanese Isuzu Askacarrying the "Holden Camira" nameplate. The wagon variants however were still that of the Australian Camira.
European Ford Granada was an entirely different vehicle to the American market Granada. The same is also true of the European Ford Fusion and North American Fusion, and for the European Ford Escort and North American Escort.
Ford Transit Connecthas nothing in common with the Ford Transitapart from the name.
* It is common for a previous special model (especially a convertible or other low-volume style) to continue in production even after the rest of the line has been converted to a new platform. Examples include the "Cabrio" version of the
VW Golf, the 2004 Ford F-150 Heritage, the Chevrolet Classic, and the 1983 Toyota Corolla Levin.
* Likewise, a derivation has preceded the base model's release and was sold alongside its predecessor, case of the
compact MPV Ford Focus C-MAX, sold alongside the Focus' first generation for a year.
Australasia, the Japanese/European Honda Accordsedan is sold alongside its American Accord sedan "cousin", although both have different platforms. The former is called the "Accord Euro".
* There is not much in common between the Japanese
Suzuki Wagon-Rand Wagon-R Solio (this one the Wagon-R proper in other markets). The same happened to the Suzuki Jimnyand the Suzuki Jimny Sierra SUV (the last one using the Jimny name in Europe).
* After 1995, the
Mazda Familiawagon was a rebadged Nissan Wingroad, unrelated to the Familia car range.
* In most markets,
Toyotauses the Land Cruiser name for two distinct models, the KZJ120 (the "regular" Land Cruiser or sometimes Land Cruiser Prado) and the HDJ100 (usually called the Land Cruiser 100 or Land Cruiser Amazon, equivalent to the American Land Cruiser).
* In 1976,
Dodgemarketed two intermediate coupés with different bodies under the Charger badge, one of which had previously been the Dodge Coronetcoupe. The Australian Chrysler Valiant Charger, built between 1971 and 1978 was an unrelated model.
Ford Motor Companyhas used the "Zephyr" nameplate on different vehicles in all three domestic lines of cars — as a Ford in the 1930s, a Lincoln, and Mercury as well as in the UK from 1950 to 1971 with the Ford Zephyr.
* The 2006
Land RoverRange Rover Sport shares its platform with the Discovery/LR3 rather than the Range Rover as might be expected from the name.
* Production of the
Chevrolet Vegastation wagon continued for 1978 and 1979 after the demise of the rest of the model line, rebadged as the Chevrolet Monzawagon but unrelated to the rest of the Monza line.
* The ‘Big Three Automakers’ (Ford,
Chrysler, and GM) had full-size sport utility coupes with compact brothers on unrelated platforms with near-identical names during the 1980s, and also had names similar to their flagship sports cars; Fordhad the Bronco (another horse name from Mustang); had a compact brother named the Bronco II. GM had the full size Chevrolet Blazer (another fire-related term, the sports car being the Pontiac Firebird, however the name of the GMCcounterpart Jimmy wasn't based on a general theme of a sports car); the compact brothers were the Chevrolet S-10 Blazerand the GMC S-15 Jimmyand were named after the full size SUV and compact truck of the 2 respective marques. Chryslerhad a sport utility coupe called the Dodge Ramcharger(Ramcharger was a name extension to the Dodge Chargersports car. The SUV's nameplate was the namesake for the Dodge Rampickup truck which the Ramcharger was originally based on the D-seires trucks.); The compact brother of the Dodge Ramcharger was the Dodge Raider, unlike the other 2 compact sport utility coupes the Raider had no etymological connection to its full-size brother (if you make an exception with the fact that both nameplates start with "R").
Dodge 600(also Plymouth Caravelle) used E-bodies and K-bodies for its sedan and coupe versions respectively.
Identical models in the same market
Other times, automakers will use two (or more) different model names for the same vehicle in the same market.
* In the 1990s, after changing the name twice in a decade, Oldsmobile sold one vehicle as three different models - the 88, LSS, and Regency.
* At the same time,
Buicksold one vehicle with two names, Regal and Century; however, the Regal had bucket seats, and the Century had a front bench seat. Became the Buick LaCrossefor both models when redesigned in 2005.
* The 1970½ Ford Falcon and 1970 Fairlane and Torino were versions of the same car.
Crosleyexported a number of its cars and trucks with Crosmobilebadges and hubcaps in order to avoid confusion in the overseas markets with the British Crossleymarque.
* Cadillac's Fleetwood and DeVille were two badges for virtually the same vehicle from 1985 through 1992. Differences were limited to a more luxurious interior on the Fleetwood, including the use of authentic wood trim, as well as the inclusion of an exclusive half vinyl roof on the 1986-88 models (a full vinyl roof on later models), intended to make it more upscale than the DeVille. The Fleetwood was supposed to replace the previous, full-size, rear wheel drive, Fleetwood Brougham model, and did for a time. Due to popular demand, however, the larger Brougham returned when the public was not sufficiently impressed with the non-Brougham Fleetwood's differentiation from the lesser DeVille.
* In South Korea, the
Kia Optimais sold both as Optima and Regal. The same happens to the Kia Carens, also sold as X-Trek.
* In Japan, the Toyota Corolla RunX differs from the Toyota Allex on minimal design aspects. The same happens (or happened) to the Japanese company's Allion/Premio, Noah/Voxy, Progres/Brevis, Tercel/Corsa/Corolla II and Cressida/Mark II/Cresta/Chaser. For some years in the 1990s, the
Toyota Corollaand Sprinter were identical, too, though in most years there were body differences.
* In Australia, there were only trim differences between the
Holden Belmont, Kingswood and Premier (and before that, the Holden Standard and Special). The same applied to its rivals, the Ford Falcon and Ford Fairmont, there. Today, Holdenofficially badges its Commodore, Berlina and Calais as separate models.
*In Australia, the Toyota Corolla and Toyota Camry were sold in the late 80s as Holden Nova and Apollo respectively, as was the Holden Commadore sold as a Toyota Lexen" The 1967 to 1969 Vauxhall HB Viva was built and sold as the Holden HB Torana during this period in Australia [sedans only - no Torana wagon/estate version ever offered]
Nissan, and its predecessor Prince, sold its large car as both the Cedric and the Gloria in Japan.
* The 1970-1979 HC series
Vauxhall Vivaand Magnum were the same car, albeit with detail differences. They were also badged and sold in South Africa and certain South American countries as the Chevrolet 1700/2200 [wagon & sedans] The Firenza was its coupe derivative, although some variants with that bodyshell carried "Viva" badging.
* In the 1980s, the Nissan Pulsar, Langley and Liberta Villa were practically the same car.
* The second generations of the
Audi 80and Audi 100had identical models (with different engines) called Audi 90and Audi 200.
Nissan SerenaMk.I and Nissan VanetteMk.II were identical on the outside, with the first being a passenger model, and the second a commercial van.
Racing homologation specials
Some manufacturers have occasionally built limited editions of a few models in order to obtain a minimum production requirement for
Alfa Romeoproduced a Turbodelta version of the Alfetta for FIAGroup 4.
Audideveloped the Sport Quattro model for the Group Bclass in the World Rally Championship.
BMWcreated a limited run of the BMW M3Sport Evo with a 2.5 L engine for the Group Arules in the European Touring Car Championship.
Citroëncreated the limited-production BX 4TC for Group B rallying.
Fiatcreated a coupé version of the Fiat 131powered by a 2.0 L DOHC engine for FIA Group 4.
* Ford is widely considered to be an expert on homologation specials, starting with the Escort RS1600 Mk.I powered by a 1601 cc Ford BDA engine, small enough so it could be enlarged to 2.0 L in Groups 2 and 4 and retain low weight. In the 1980s, Ford was one of the makers that created a Group B-specific car, in this case the RS200. Later, both
Ford SierraCosworth (the Mk. I RS500 and the Mk. II RS 4x4) were produced so the company could be competitive in FIA Group A touring car racingand world rallying. Likewise, the same happened to the Escort Cosworth, which had nothing to do with the Escort at all.
Lanciaalso had some expertise in this department. Both the Lancia Stratosand Lancia 037were created to win rallies in FIA Group 4. The Italian make would also create the Delta S4 for Group B, and, to replace this outlawed class, the Delta Integrale.
Dodge, in the 1960s was having aerodynamic problems with the NASCARversion of the Dodge Chargerin competition against rivals Ford and Chevy. In 1969, Chryslerengineers created the Dodge Daytona, which used a sloped nose and extra-tall spoiler to cut through the air to 200 mph. NASCARofficials outlawed it and it's companion, the Plymouth Superbird in 1971, after ruling them unfair. 1303 street versions were made.
Mercedes-Benzcame up with the AMG Evolution II version of the 190 E to have a 2.5 L car that could go up against the BMW M3. The low-production Mercedes-Benz CLK-GTRwas developed specifically to race in the FIA GT Championshipeven though the 25 road cars were delivered only after the 1998 season when the series was discontinued due to lack of remaining competitors
MG Roverstarted early, in its BMC days, with the powerful Cooper versions of the Mini. Later, in an attempt at returning to world rallying, the PRV-powered MG Metro 6R4 would appear.
Mitsubishiis no stranger to the world of homologation specials. Starting with the Starion 4WD, moving on to the Galant VR-4, and finally, the first six incarnations of the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolutionwere created, sales success nonwithstanding, to keep Mitsubishi going on in the WRC.
Nissansuccumbed as well to the attraction of the WRC, with the 4WD turbocharged Sunny GTi-R. The first two generations of the Skyline GT-R were also homologated to create an unbeatable car in Group A touring cars. And finally, Tom Walkinshaw Racingonce developed the prototype-like R390 in the permissive GT1 regulations in the FIA, racing even though the car never actually achieved the required production minimums.
Opelhas created a variety of versions, including the Cosworth-powered versions of the Ascona 400 and Manta 400 for world rallying, the limited-edition Omega Evo.500 for the DTM, and the Astra OPC, for FIA Group N2000 rules.
Peugeotwas another one to run in Group B, with the successful 205 T16 which would later be converted to Dakar-spec. More recently, in order to obey minimum length regulations for the WRC, the French automaker created the awkward 206 GT with enlarged bumpers.
Porsche's history with homologation specials begins with the 934, a special version of the 911 Turbo for Group 4 racing, followed by the Group B 959. The 924 Carrera GT was developed with the IMSA Championship in mind. More recently, the German company came up with the 911 GT1 (closer to the 962 than to the road-going 911), and the stripped-down 996 GT3-RS, both for FIA GT.
Renault's most famous endeavor in the homologation specials is the 5 Maxi Turbo, a mid-engined 160 hp beast created for FIA Group 4. In the early 1990s, Renault produced a limited edition of the Clio Williams, with a 2.0 L engine, for the then new Formula 2 category in the WRC.
Subaruhas assumed the position of Mitsubishi's main competitor in the Group N rallying arena, with the WRX and WRX STi versions of the Impreza.
Toyotaconcentrated its efforts on the World Rallying Championships, with three GT-4 generations of the Toyota Celica.
Volkswagenis best known for a special version of the Golf G60, called G60 Rallye, with 4WD and engine capacity reduced to 1763 cc (to fit within the 3000 cc weight limit, while most other Group A cars had to run in the 3500 cc class).
Not for sale
Some car models have been produced but never offered for retail sale:
Some rental services provide exclusive nameplates of vehicles albeit rebadged from consumer vehicles.
* The American
Chevrolet Classicis only sold for rental carfleets (itself a rebadged version of the previous-generation Chevrolet Malibu).
Chevrolet Berettaand it's 4 door counter part Chevrolet Corsicawere also a rental-only models for their first year of production (1987).
Dodge Neonsupplied to automobile rentalfleets has a three-speed automatic transmissionunobtainable in the model for retail sale, which is equipped with a four-speed automatic.
* Grumman Long Life Vehicle, the right-hand drive
United States Postal Servicedelivery vehicle
Tjorvenwas build for the Swedish Postal Services. Only when they sold them they came in private hands.
Ford Flexible Fuel Vehicle, United States Postal Service replacement for the LLV
Jeep DJ, the first sport utility coupe (i.e. hardtop), a right hand drive mail truck that preceded the Grumman LLV.
General Motors EV1was only ever leased, and all have been removed from consumer hands.
London Taxis InternationalTX series is sold to Londoncabbies, and in limited exports to Japan, but is not offered for retail sale. Its predecessors, the LTI Fairway/ Austin FX4, the Austin FX3 and others were also not offered for retail sale but there was a retail version of each called the FL1 and FL2. The direct competitors, the Beardmore Paramount and the Winchestertaxi were also restricted to the licenced taxi market.
Metrocab, formerly the MCW Metrocab, is not offered for retail sale.
* In the last 1/2 year of production, the
Ford Tauruswas only sold in fleets. Ironically, it outsold both of the cars that replaced it, the Five Hundred and Fusion, combined in 2006.
Lists of automobiles
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