- Frederick Varley
Varley was born in
Sheffield, Englandin 1881 and studied art in Sheffield and in Belgium. He came to Canadain 1912 on the advice of another Sheffield native, Arthur Lismer, and found work at Grip Ltd.. He served in the First World War and painted scenes of combatfrom his experiences of the time. He was deeply disturbed by what he saw.
"We’d be healthier to forget [the war] , and that we never can. We are forever tainted with its abortiveness and its cruel drama." ::— Fred Varley Citequote|date=August 2008
His and A.Y. Jackson's contribution in the war influenced work in the Group of Seven. They purposely painted Canadian wilderness that had been damaged by fire or harsh climates. His major contribution to art, however, was for his work with the Group of Seven. He and Lawren Harris were the only members of the group to paint
He died in
Markham, Ontario, the Varley Art Galleryand Fred Varley Driveis named after him.
* Group of Seven
* [http://collections.ic.gc.ca/tom_thomson/biofv.htm Biography at the Tom Thomson Memorial Art Gallery]
* [http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/varley_fh.html Frederick Varley at artcyclopedia.com]
* [http://archives.cbc.ca/IDD-1-68-754/arts_entertainment/group_of_seven/ CBC Digital Archives - The Group of Seven: Painters in the Wilderness]
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