Japanese battleship Yamashiro


Japanese battleship Yamashiro

"Yamashiro" (山城) was the Imperial Japanese Navy's second "Fusō"-class battleship, and was laid down at the Yokosuka Naval Arsenal on November 20, 1913, launched on November 3, 1915, and commissioned on March 31, 1917. She was the first Japanese vessel equipped with aircraft catapults. The ship was named after the Japanese province where Kyoto is located.Fact|date=July 2007

The "Yamashiro" was reconstructed from December 1930 to March 1935. The original 24 coal-fired Mijabara boilers producing 24,000 hp were replaced with six new Kanpon oil-fired boilers producing 75,000 hp. Torpedo bulges were fitted, increasing beam from convert|94|ft|m|0 to convert|100|ft|m|-1, 6 inches. The stern was lengthened by convert|24|ft|m|0 to improve the fineness ratio and restore lost speed. Deck armor was thickened to a total of 7 inches on three decks. Elevation of the main armament was increased from 30 degrees to 43 degrees. The forefunnel was removed, but converted later, the "Yamashiro" differed slightly from its sister ship "Fusō" in the arrangement of gun turrets; by altering the "dead angle" of "C" turret from forward training to aft, deck space was left for a larger superstructure (see picture above.) Eight 5-inch (127mm)/40 heavy anti-aircraft guns were fitted, one twin mount on each side of the bridge forward, and the other pair of twin mounts high up on the tower structure aft. Fact|date=July 2007

At the battle of Surigao Strait on October 25, 1944, she came under attack and was sunk by U.S. naval forces, receiving four hits from destroyer torpedoes and numerous 14" and 16" shells from U.S. battleships.

Commanding Officers

Capt. Suketomo Nakajima - 31 March 1917 - 1 December 1917

Capt. Yujiro Kato - 1 December 1917 - 20 November 1919

Capt. Morishige Ouchida - 20 November 1919 - 20 November 1920

Capt. Takeshi Koyama - 20 November 1920 - 1 July 1922

Capt. Yoshio Takahashi - 1 July 1922 - 10 November 1922

Capt. Yasuzo Torisaki - 10 November 1922 - 1 December 1923

Capt. Ritsuto Takahashi - 1 December 1923 - 1 December 1924

Capt. Naotaro Ominato - 1 December 1924 - 1 December 1925

Capt. Kiyohiro Ijichi - 1 December 1925 - 1 December 1926

Capt. Rokuya Mashiko - 1 December 1926 - 1 March 1927

Capt. Ken Terajima - 1 March 1927 - 1 December 1927

Capt. Iwajiro Torin - 1 December 1927 - 10 December 1928

Capt. Teijiro Toyoda - 10 December 1928 - 5 October 1929

Capt. Kanekoto Iwamura - 5 October 1929 - 30 November 1929

Capt. Wasuke Komaki - 30 November 1929 - 1 December 1930

Capt. Takeji Teramoto - 1 December 1930 - 1 December 1931

Capt. Katsuji Masaki - 1 December 1931 - 1 December 1932

Capt. Soichi Kasuya - 1 December 1932 - 15 November 1933

Capt. Kentaro Kojima - 15 November 1933 - 15 November 1934

Capt. Chuichi Nagumo - 15 November 1934 - 15 November 1935

Capt. Masakichi Okuma - 15 November 1935 - 1 December 1936

Capt. Masami Kobayashi - 1 December 1936 - 20 October 1937

Capt. Kasuke Abe - 20 October 1937 - 15 November 1938

Capt. Kakuji Kakuta - 15 November 1938 - 15 September 1939

Capt. Aritomo Goto - 15 September 1939 - 15 November 1939

Capt. Teizo Hara - 15 November 1939 - 15 October 1940

Capt. Masaki Ogata - 15 October 1940 - 24 May 1941

Capt. Chozaemon Obata - 24 May 1941 - 1 September 1942

Capt. Noboru Owada - 1 September 1942 - 1 March 1943

Capt. Mikio Hayakawa - 1 March 1943 - 2 August 1943

Capt. Soijiro Hisamune - 2 August 1943 - 25 December 1943

Capt. / RADM Yoshioki Tawara - 25 December 1943 - 5 May 1944 (Promoted to Rear Admiral on 1 May 1944; Died of Natural Causes on 5 May 1944.)

RADM / VADM* Katsukiyo Shinoda - 6 May 1944 - 25 October 1944 (KIA)

External links

* [http://www.combinedfleet.com/Yamashiro.htm Tabular record of movement] from combinedfleet.com
* Yamashiro's wreck is at coordinates coord|10|22|14|N|125|21|20|E|type:landmark|name=Yamashiro's wreck
* [http://www.benthic.ca/report.cfm?report=64 A diary] of Cedric Verdier's successful attempt in July 2006 to dive on Yamashiro. *.pdf edition [http://www.cedricverdier.com/writings/articles/YamashiroDiary.pdf here]


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