Griko language


Griko language

language
name=Griko
nativename=Κατωιταλιώτικα "Katoitaliótika"
states=Italy
region=Southern, east of Reggio, Salento and Aspromonte
speakers=20,000 [Vincent N., "Italian", in B.Comrie (ed.) "The world's major languages", London, Croom Helm, p.p.279-302]
familycolor=Indo-European
fam2=Greek
fam3=Doric

Griko, sometimes spelled Grico, is a Modern Greek dialect which is spoken by people in the Magna Graecia region in southern Italy, and it is otherwise known as the Grecanic language. Greeks often call the dialect Katoitaliótika (Greek: Κατωιταλιώτικα, "Southern Italian") and sometimes Calabrian, although the latter may also serve as a euphemism for a Greek-Italian pidgin language.Fact|date=May 2008

Two small Griko-speaking communities survive today in the Italian regions of Calabria (Province of Reggio Calabria) and Puglia (peninsula of Salento). The Griko-speaking area of Salento comprises nine small towns in the Grecìa Salentina region (Calimera, Martano, Castrignano de' Greci, Corigliano d'Otranto, Melpignano, Soleto, Sternatia, Zollino, Martignano), with a total of 40,000 inhabitants. The Calabrian Griko region also consists of nine villages in Bovesia, and four districts in the city of Reggio Calabria, but its population is significantly smaller.

The most prevalent theory on the origin of Griko is the one by Gerhard Rohlfs and "G. Hatzidakis", stating that Griko's roots go as back in history as the time of the ancient Greek colonisation of Southern Italy and Sicily, in the 8th century BC. In that respect, this Southern Italian dialect is the last living trace of the Greek elements that once formed Magna Graecia. Grico has preserved some Doric elements, characteristic of that early phase. However, its structure is otherwise mostly based on mainstream Koiné Greek like almost all other Modern Greek dialects [G. Horrocks (1997), "Greek: A history of the language and its speakers", London: Longman. Ch. 4.4.3 and 14.2.3.] . Griko and Common Modern Greek are mutually intelligible to some extent.

There is rich oral tradition and Griko folklore. Griko songs, music and poetry are particularly popular in Italy and Greece. Famous music groups from Salento include Ghetonia and Aramirè. Also, influential Greek artists such as Dionysis Savvopoulos and Maria Farantouri have performed in Griko.

The Italian parliament has recognized the Griko community of Salento as an ethnic and linguistic minority, under the name of "Minoranze linguistiche Grike dell'Etnia Griko-Salentina" (linguistic minority of the Griko-Salentinian ethnicity).

ample Griko text

from "Kalinifta", a popular Griko song:

Griko

:Εβώ πάντα σε σένα πενσέω,:γιατί σένα φσυκή μου 'γαπώ,:τσαι που πάω, που σύρνω, που στέω:στην καρδιά μου πάντα σένα βαστώ.

"transliteration":
:"Evo panta se sena pensèo,":"yiatì sena fsichi mou ghapò,":"ce pou pao, pou syrno, pou steo":"stin kardià mou panta sena vastò."

Modern Greek

:Εγώ πάντα εσένα σκέφτομαι,:γιατί εσένα ψυχή μου αγαπώ,:και όπου πάω, όπου σέρνομαι, όπου στέκω,:στην καρδιά μου πάντα εσένα βαστώ.

"transliteration":
:"Ego panta esena skeftomai,":"yiati esena psihe mou agapo,":"kai opou pao, opou sernomai, opou steko":"sten kardia mou panta esena vasto."

References

ee also

*Greek-Calabrian dialect
*The Lord's Prayer in Griko

External links

* [http://www.grikamilume.com/ Grika milume!] An online Griko community
* [http://www.geocities.com/enosi_griko/ Enosi Griko] , Coordination of Grecìa Salentina Associations
* [http://www.greciasalentina.org/ Grecìa Salentina] official site (in Italian)
* [http://www.salentogriko.info/ Salento Griko] (in Italian)
* [http://www.molossia.org/griko2.html English-Griko dictionary] __NOTOC__


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Griko — Gesprochen in Italien, (Kalabrien und Apulien) Sprecher < 20.000 Linguistische Klassifikation Indogermanisch Griechisch Griko …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Griko — noun A Greek dialect or language, spoken in southern Italy and in Sicily, combining ancient Greek, Byzantine Greek and Italian …   Wiktionary

  • Neapolitan language — Language name=Neapolitan nativename=Napulitano states=flag|Italy region= speakers=7.5 million rank=75 85 familycolor=Indo European fam2=Italic fam3=Romance fam4=Italo Western fam5=Italo Dalmatian iso2=nap|iso3=napNeapolitan (autonym: napulitano ; …   Wikipedia

  • Greek language — Greek Ελληνικά Ellīniká Pronunciation [eliniˈka] Spoken in Greece, Cyprus …   Wikipedia

  • Varieties of Modern Greek — History of the Greek language (see also: Greek alphabet) Proto Greek (c. 3000–1600 BC) Mycenaean (c. 1600–1100 BC) Ancient G …   Wikipedia

  • Magna Graecia — around 280 BC Magna Græcia (Latin meaning Great Greece , Greek: Μεγάλη Ἑλλάς, Megálē Hellás) is the name of the coastal areas of Southern Italy on the Tarentine Gulf that were extensively colonized by Greek settlers; particularly the Achaean… …   Wikipedia

  • Doric Greek — Distribution of Greek dialects in the classical period.[1] Western group …   Wikipedia

  • Culture of Greece — The culture of Greece has evolved over thousands of years, beginning in Mycenaean Greece, continuing most notably into Classical Greece, through the influence of the Roman Empire and its Greek Eastern successor the Byzantine Empire. Foreign… …   Wikipedia

  • Calabrian dialects — Calabrian dict in Vallata dello Stilaro variant. Cu on da sapa e ruggia leva u saccu randa The primary languages of the Calabria region are Standard Italian and many regional varieties of the Italo Dalmatian group collectively known as Calabrian… …   Wikipedia

  • Greeks in Albania — About a general view on history, geography, demographics and political issues concerning the region, see Northern Epirus. Northern Epirotes Βορειοηπειρώτες …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.