- Order of the Dragon of Annam
The Imperial Order of the Dragon of Annam was created on March 14, 1886, in the ancient Vietnamese city of Huế, by Emperor Đồng Khánh of the Imperial House of Annam, upon the "recommendation" of the President of France as a jointly awarded French colonial order. During this period (particularly during the era of Đồng Khánh), Vietnam was ruled by the French.
The Order was originally created to reward and acknowledge those outstanding individuals who had performed both military and non-military services to the Nguyễn Dynasty.
Throughout its entire history, the Order was also bestowed by the French Colonial Government. However, the Order always was, and to this day remains the real, personal and dynastic property of the Imperial House. When French colonial rule over Indochina ended, the Order of the Dragon of Annam was abolished and replaced by the National Order of Vietnam which was later retained and revised by the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam). The ribbon of the Dragon of Annam was retained for this award, but it was (belatedly) recognized that a colonial order had no place in the new regime as the order was always historically associated with the period of French rule. Even the name of "Annam" in the title of the order was a point of dishonor as the name comes from the old Chinese term for Vietnam, which means "the peaceful south".
Prince Bảo Vang of Vietnam, son of Emperor Duy Tân, was appointed by the late Crown Prince Bảo Long to serve as the Grand Master of the Order  in 2005, and currently serves under the authority of Prince Bảo Thắng of Vietnam, the Crown Prince's brother and successor as Head of the Imperial Nguyễn Dynasty. The focus of the order is on humanitarian, educational, and cultural endeavours of the people of Vietnam. Additionally, Prince Bảo Vang serves on the Executive Committee of the "Hội Ðồng Hoàng Tộc Nguyễn Phước Hải Ngoại", or Vietnamese Imperial Family Overseas Council.
The Chancellor of the Order is Prince Nguyen-Phuoc Quy Jean-Luc.
Classes and insignia
In its classes and insignia, the Order is obviously modelled on the French Légion d'honneur. The Emperor (currently Head of the Nguyễn Dynasty) as Grand Master of the Order is the only one allowed to wear both the Grand Cross and the Knight's badge in tandem. The five classes of the Order are:
- Grand Collar (created by Crown Prince Bảo Long for emeritus Chancellors and Vice-Chancellors)
- Grand Cordon
- Grand Officer
Goal of the Order
The Order will henceforth focus on humanitarian, educational, and cultural endeavors rather than political goals. The Imperial Family wishes to remain out of the political fray and expects that Order will focus on efforts to aid the poor and disenfranchised people in Vietnam as well as outside the country, with particular emphasis given to children, the elderly, and the disabled. 
Distinguished knights and dames
The Order currently has over 150 members in India, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Luxembourg, Malta, Japan, the United States, Canada and Mexico. Some members include:
- Mohamed Said, born in Pondicherry of French India [1884-1945] was a philanthropist and a famous Businessman of French Vietnam - Indochina.
- King Kigeli V of Rwanda
- King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia
- Archduke Andreas Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany
- Dom Duarte Pio of Portugal, Duke of Bragança
- Dona Isabel de Castro Curvelo de Herédia, Isabel, Duchess of Braganza
- Infante Dom Miguel of Portugal, Duke of Viseu
- Infante Dom Henrique of Portugal
- Crown Prince Nicholas, Prince of Montenegro
- Don Jorge Bagration de Moukhrani of Georgia (also Jorge de Bagration) (d. 2007)
- Don Irakly Bagration de Moukhrani of Georgia
- Don Ugo Bagration de Moukhrani of Georgia
- Don David Bagration of Mukhrani of Georgia
- Prince Mangkra Souvannaphouma of Laos
- Prince Osman Rifat Ibrahim of Egypt
- Sultan Ghalib bin Awadh al-Quaiti
- Don Francisco de Borbón y Escasany, Duke of Seville, Grand Master Emeritus of the Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem
- Doña Maria de los Angeles Vargas-Zuñiga y de Juanes, Duchess of Seville
- Don Carlos Gereda y de Borbon, Marquis de Almazàn, Grand Master of the Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem
- Doña Maria de las Nieves de Castellano y Barón, Marquise de Almazàn
- Paul Underwood Kellogg, editor and social reformer
- D. Filipe Folque de Mendoça, Count of Rio Grande, President, Royal Commission of Portugal and Brazil, Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George (Kingdom of the Two Sicilies)
- Mme. Eliza Bloch, artist (1884),
- Marquis de Grasse des Princes d' Antibes (grandson of French admiral François Joseph Paul de Grasse, marquis de Grasse Tilly, comte de Grasse)(1880s)
- Walter R. Harris, FSA (Lond.) correspondent for The Times
- General Secretary of the Philippines (1890s)
- Don Diego, Duke of Vargas Machuca, Vice President, International Commission for Orders of Chivalry
- Prof. Dr. Pier Felice degli Uberti, President, International Commission for Orders of Chivalry
- Dr. Maria Loredana Pinotti degli Uberti, Secretary General, International Commission for Orders of Chivalry
- D. Alfonso de Ceballos-Escalera y Gila, Marquis of La Floresta, Cronista de Armas (Spain)
- Sir Conrad Marshall Swan, KCVO, former Garter Principal King of Arms (UK)
- Fr. J. Guilbert Mariani, SOLT, Chaplain to the Royal Family of Portugal
- John Gvozdenović Kennedy, Grand Chancellor of the Royal Montenegrin Orders
- Don José Maria de Montells y Galán, Viscount of Portadei, heraldic scholar and author
- Don Alfredo Escudero y Díaz-Madroñero, Marquis of Gori, heraldic scholar and author
- Professed Brother Dr. Carl Edwin Lindgren, former Chancellor of the Order, professor, American Military University and Fellow, World Academy of Art and Science
- Dr. Hendrik P.N. Muller (1859–1941), Envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
- Antoine Fossey, Chief Engineer aboard the French merchant Vessel Canton, 1895
A political organization called the Imperial Order of the Dragon of Annam created by Chanh Buu of Chicago, Illinois - alias Nguyễn Phúc Bửu Chánh - a self-styled "prince" and "Regent of the Imperial Nguyễn Dynasty", enjoys no recognition or sanction from Prince Bảo Thắng of Vietnam, Head of the Imperial Nguyễn Dynasty, from the Vietnamese Imperial Family Overseas Council , or affiliation with the Vietnamese Imperial Family in any form.
On 17 December 2004, the late Crown Prince Bảo Long, Head of the Imperial Nguyễn Dynasty, issued a statement saying that this person was unknown to him.
See World Orders of Knighthood and Merit published by Burke's Peerage and Gentry (2006) for full details.
- Edward J. Emering. "The Imperial Order of the Dragon of Annam" Collectible Chronicles. No. 17 (July-August September 2004) 2-9.
- Guy Stair Sainty (editor) and Rafal Heydel-Mankoo (deputy editor). 2006. World Orders of Knighthood and Merit. Two volumes, ca. 2100pp.
- The Imperial Order of the Dragon of Annam A Brief History
- Official Website of the Vietnamese Imperial Family Overseas Council "Hội Ðồng Hoàng Tộc Nguyễn Phước Hải Ngoại", Westminster, CA
- Order of the Dragon of Annam, Order and Medals of Merit by Edward J. Emering
- THE IMPERIAL ORDER of the DRAGON OF ANNAM Der Kaiserliche Orden vom Drachen von Annam
- Vietnam: The Nguyen Phuoc Dynasty GENEALOGY by Christopher Buyers
- BLOCH, MME. ELISA, Women in the Fine Arts, from the Seventh Century B.C. to the Twentieth Century A.D. ... by Clara Erskine Clement (1834–1916)
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