Selborne


Selborne

infobox UK place
country = England
static_

static_image_caption= Gilbert White's House
latitude= 51.09705
longitude= -0.94267
official_name= Selborne
population = c.650
civil_parish= Selborne
shire_district= East Hampshire
shire_county= Hampshire
metropolitan_borough=
metropolitan_county =
region= South East England
constituency_westminster= North East Hampshire
post_town=
postcode_district =
postcode_area=
dial_code=
os_grid_reference= SU741366

Selborne is a village in the East Hampshire district of Hampshire, England. It is convert|3.9|mi|km south of Alton.

The nearest railway station is Alton, convert|3.9|mi|km north of the village.

Selborne is famous for its association with the 18th-century naturalist, Gilbert White (1720–1793), who wrote "The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne". First published in 1789, the book has not been out of print in over 200 years, and is one of the most widely published works in the English language after the Bible, the works of Shakespeare and Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress. White is recognised as being the first ecologist or environmentalist. Most of his observations on wildlife remain pertinent, although he did have some strange theories; most notorious is his belief that not all swallows, martins and swifts migrated, but that some might hibernate instead, although he mocked the peculiar Swedish notion that swallows spent the winter beneath the surface of the local ponds. White was writing before seasonal migration was fully understood.

White's home, "The Wakes", has been converted into a museum, known as "Gilbert White's House". This museum also contains the Oates Museum and family archive. This comprises an exhibition relating to the life of Captain Lawrence Oates, who died on Robert Falcon Scott's ill-fated expedition to Antarctica in the early twentieth century, and Frank Oates, his uncle. Frank Oates was an explorer and naturalist, who mounted expeditions in the late 19th century into Central America and Africa.

"The Wakes" was substantially refurbished and updated in 2003–04. The costs of £1.3m were covered by a mixture of personal, institutional and charity grants amounting to 50%, matched by a grant from the National Lottery Heritage Fund. It is open throughout the year, attracting an annual average of 30,000 visitors. This turnover helps to support two pubs and a thriving village shop, which the resident population alone would make unviable. Many people combine their visit to The Wakes with one to the Jane Austen House in nearby Chawton.

Amongst other attractions that Selborne has to offer are St Mary's Church (with a very active Bell tower), Church Meadow, the Zig-Zag path, The Selborne Village Stores, Post Office and internet pod.

External links

* [http://www.gilbertwhiteshouse.org.uk/ Gilbert White's House and the Oates Museum]
* [http://www.selborne.parish.hants.gov.uk/ Selborne Parish Council]
* [http://www.selborne.net/ Selborne Village Hall]
* [http://www.johnowensmith.co.uk/riot/ Selborne & Headley workhouse riots of 1830]
*gutenberg author | id=Gilbert_White | name=Gilbert White


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