Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia


Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia

Boleslaus I the Cruel also called Boleslav I ( _cs. Boleslav I. Ukrutný) (died July 15, 967 or 972) was the prince of Bohemia from 929 or 935 to his death. His father was Vratislaus I.

Boleslav is notorious for the murder of his brother Saint Wenceslas, through which he became prince of Bohemia. Wenceslaus was murdered during a feast, and at precisely that time was Boleslav's son born. He received a strange name: Strachkvas, which meant "a dreadful feast". Being remorseful of what he had done, Boleslav promised to devote his son to religion and educate him as a clergyman. He kept his word.

Despite the fratricide, Boleslav is generally respected by Czech historians as an energetic ruler. Citing Wenceslas' religious policies as the cause of Boleslav's fratricide seems unlikely as Boleslav in no way impeded the growth of Christianity in Bohemia, and in fact he actually sent his daughter Mlada, a nun, to Rome to ask permission to make Prague a bishopric.

One major policy shift after the death of Wenceslas was regarding Czech-German relations. It is usually asserted that Wenceslas was an obedient client of the German King Henry the Fowler. Boleslav, on the other hand, found himself almost immediately at war with Henry's successor Otto the Great. This conflict, presumably consisting of border raids (the general pattern of warfare in this region at the time) between Boleslav on one side and the margrave of the Ostmark on the other, reached its conclusion in 950 when Boleslav signed a peace with Otto. It cannot be said for certain if Boleslav became a vassal of the German king, but it is known that he led a Czech force in alliance with Otto at the great victory over the Magyars at the Lech river (August 10, 955). He had also helped Otto to crush an uprising of Slavs on the Lower Elbe in 953.

Czech historians also claim that Boleslav expanded his power into Silesia, Lusatia, and Moravia, but no dates are given for these alleged conquests. If they did occur, they must have been only transistory gains because Boleslav's successors had to conquer them all over again. Boleslav saw the growth of Polish strength to the north of his borders and he accordingly arranged for his daughter Dubrawka to marry the Piast prince Mieszko I in 965. He had another son named Strachkvas. His wife may have been Biagota. He was succeeded by his son Boleslaus the Pious.

ources

*Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis; Line 244-7
*The Plantagenet Ancestry by William Henry Turton, Page 85


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bohemia - получить на Академике активный купон InMyRoom или выгодно bohemia купить по низкой цене на распродаже в InMyRoom

  • Boleslaus III, Duke of Bohemia — Boleslaus III ( cs. Boleslav III. Ryšavý) (died 1037), called the Red( haired) or the Blind, was the duke of Bohemia from 999 until 1002. He was the worst of all men who ever sat on the Bohemian throne. The eldest son of Boleslav II the Pious,… …   Wikipedia

  • Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia — For another (Boleslaw) Boleslaus the Pious, see Boleslaus of Greater Poland. Boleslaus II the Pious ( cs. Boleslav II. Pobožný; c. 920 ndash; February 7 999) was the duke of Bohemia from 972, a member of the Přemyslid dynasty.The son of Boleslaw… …   Wikipedia

  • Boleslaus II, Duke of Cieszyn — Bolesław II ( cs. Boleslav II., de. Boleslaus II.) (around 1425 8 October 1452) was the Duke of Cieszyn. He was the son of Bolesław I, fourth Duke of Cieszyn and Eufemia.After the death of his father in 1431, Bolesław II ruled over the duchy… …   Wikipedia

  • Vratislaus I, Duke of Bohemia — Vratislaus I of Bohemia, liber depictus, Český Krumlov, 14th century Vratislaus (or Wratislaus) I (Czech: Vratislav I) (c. 888 – February 13, 921), a scion of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 915 to 921. He was the son of Duke… …   Wikipedia

  • Conrad I, Duke of Bohemia — Conrad I of Brno (Czech: Konrád I. Brněnský) (died 6 September 1092) was the duke of Bohemia for eight months in 1092. He was the brother and successor of Vratislaus II (died 14 January 1092). He was the third son of Bretislaus I and Judith of… …   Wikipedia

  • Conrad II, Duke of Bohemia — Conrad II Otto (Czech: Konrád Ota) (died 9 September 1191) was a member of Přemyslid dynasty, son of Duke Conrad II of Znojmo. He was the duke of Znojmo from 1177 until he was made margrave of Moravia from 1182 to 1186. He was then duke of… …   Wikipedia

  • Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia — Infobox Saint name=Saint Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia birth date=c. 907 death date=September 28, 935 feast day=September 28 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church imagesize=200px caption=Statue of Saint Wenceslaus in… …   Wikipedia

  • Borivoj II, Duke of Bohemia — Borivoj II (also Bořivoj or Borivoi ) (c. 1064 ndash; 2 February 1124) was the duke of Bohemia from 25 December 1100 until May 1107 and from December 1117 until 16 August 1120. He was the younger half brother and successor of Bretislaus II. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Oldrich, Duke of Bohemia — Oldrich redirects here. For the 1,000 year old oak tree, see Oldřich Oak. Oldrich (also Ulrich or Oldřich) (ca. 975 – 11 November 1034) was the duke of Bohemia from 1012 to 1033 and briefly in 1034. He was a son of Boleslaus II and brother of… …   Wikipedia

  • Svatopluk, Duke of Bohemia — Svatopluk the Lion (died 21 September 1109) was the duke of Bohemia from 1107 to his assassination. He was a son of Otto I of Olomouc and Euphemia of Hungary and grandson of Bretislaus I of Bohemia. Duke of Olomouc since 1091, he was at enmity… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.