- Joseph Strayer
Joseph Reese Strayer (1904–1987) was an influential 20th century American
medievalisthistorian. He was a student of, and mentored by, Charles H. Haskins, America's first prominent medievalist historian.
Strayer taught at
Princeton Universityfor many decades, starting in the 1930s. He was chair of the history department (1941–1961) and president of the American Historical Associationin 1971. Strayer has been credited with training a large percentage of the American medievalists profession; many of his students are still teaching and active. A notable student was Norman F. Cantor.
When not teaching medieval history at Princeton, Strayer was involved with the
CIA, traveling around the world on secret missions to install "democratic" governments. [http://www.cia-on-campus.org/princeton.edu/consult.html]
Norman Cantor recognized three books as most important to Strayer's legacyCantor, chapter 7 "American Pie"] : "Feudalism" (1965), which summarized three decades of his research and thinking on the topic; "On the Medieval Origins of the Modern State" (1970), in which he shows the relevance of medieval historical institutions to modern governmental institutions; and "The Reign of Philip the Fair" (1980), representing over 30 years of archival research and the most comprehensive work on the topic in any language - other than Jean Favier's "Philippe le Bel" (1978). Strayer was editor of the "
Dictionary of the Middle Ages", the largest and most comprehensive encyclopedia of the Middle Ages in the English language.
*"Administration of Normandy Under Saint Louis" (1932)
*"The Middle Ages, 395-1500" (1942) - an extended textbook survey. Originally co-authored by Dana C. Munro in 1942, by the 1959 4th edition it was mostly all Strayer. Cantor says it is important for "its brilliant summary of European political history from about 1050 to 1350".
**"Western Europe in the Middle Ages: a Short History" (1955) - a brief version of the above, reprinted in later editions.
*"The Interpretation of History" (1950)
*"The Course of Civilization" (1961)
*"On the Medieval Origins of the Modern State" (1970)
*"Medieval statecraft and the perspectives of history" (1971)
*"The Albegensian Crusade" (1972)
*"The Royal Domain in the Bailliage of Rouen" (1976)
*"The Reign of Philip the Fair" (1980)
Dictionary of the Middle Ages", editor (1982 to 1989)
Norman Cantor(1991). "Inventing the Middle Ages". ISBN 0688094066
* A. L. C. Homem; J. G. Freitas (1991). " «On a Medievalist’s Death»: Joseph R. Strayer (1904-1987)", Revista da Faculdade de Letras [Porto University] . História, II sér., VIII (1991): 439-445.
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