- Kōichi Shiozawa
Infobox Military Person
name= Kōichi Shiozawa
5 March 1881- 17 November 1943[Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy]
Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan
caption= Japanese Admiral Koichi Shiozawa
Empire of Japan
branch=navy|Empire of Japan
Second Sino-Japanese War
Order of the Rising Sun, 1st class
laterwork=nihongo| Kōichi Shiozawa|塩沢 幸一|Shiozawa Kōichi|extra=
5 March 1881- 17 November 1943was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navyduring the Second Sino-Japanese War. The literary criticRinsen Nakazawa was his older brother.
Shiozawa was born in Matsumoto city,
Nagano prefecture. His family was distillers of the famed medicinal tonic "Yomeishu". He was a graduate of the 32nd class of the Imperial Japanese Naval Academyin 1904, ranking 2nd out of 192 cadets. Famed admiral Isoroku Yamamotowas in the same class.
He served as
midshipmanon the submarine tender"Karasaki maru" and battleship"Asahi". As an ensign, he was assigned to the destroyer"Hibiki", as a sub-lieutenant, to the "Mikasa", and following his promotion to lieutenantin 1909, to the "Sagami" followed by the "Tone".
After graduating from the 13th class of the
Naval War College (Japan)in 1914, he was promoted to lieutenant commander, and was assigned as a naval observer to the United Kingdomfrom 1917-1919. He served as part of the Royal Navycrew on the "HMS Resolution" and "HMS Royal Oak" in combat operations in World War 1against the German Navy in 1917, as part of Japan's contribution under the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. After his return to Japan, he served in a number of staff positions, and was promoted to captain in 1923. He became captain of the heavy cruiser"Furutaka" in 1926. In late 1926 to early 1927, he again served as naval attaché to the United Kingdom. On his return in 1928, he was promoted to rear admiral.
Shiozawa was Chief of Staff of the
IJN 1st Fleetfrom 30 October 1929to 1 December 1930, and commander of the 1st China Expeditionary Fleetto June 1932.
At the time of the First Shanghai Incident of January 1932, Shiozawa was in command of a cruiser, four destroyers and two aircraft carriers anchored in the
Yangtze Riveroff the international city of Shanghai. They had come to protect Japanese citizens from attacks by Chinese mobs. In response, Nationalist forces moved into the Chinese suburb of Chapei and skirmished with patrolling Japanese marines. With his men giving way to the more numerous Chinese forces, Shiozawa ordered planes from his carriers to drop bombs over densely populated Chapei. The attack killed or injured thousands of civilians, and earned Japan the condemnation of the League of Nations. [Jordan, China's Trial by Fire]
From December 1932, Shiozawa was commander of the
Chinkai Naval District.
Shiozawa was promoted to
vice admiralon 15 November 1933. He was Director of Naval Air Command from 1934-1935, Commander-in-chiefof the Maizuru Naval Districtfrom 1936-1937. When the IJN 5th Fleetwas formed on 1 February 1938Shiozawa became its first Commander. During his command he oversaw the Amoy Operationand the Canton Operationfrom October to December 1938. From Jan 1939, he was Director of the Naval Shipbuilding Command.
Shiozawa was promoted to full
admiralon 15 November 1939. He commanded the Yokosuka Naval Districtfrom 5 September 1940to 10 September 1941.
In May 1943, following Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto's death in action, Shiozawa, a life long friend, presided over his
state funeral. [Agawa, The Reluctant Admiral] Shiozawa died a few months later, in November 1943 of an acute pancreasailment.
last = Agawa
first = Hiroyuki
coauthors = Bester, John (trans.)
year = 1979
title = The Reluctant Admiral
publisher = Kodansha International
location = New York
id = ISBN: 4-7700-2539-4
last = Jordan
first = Donald Allen
year = 2001
title = China's Trial by Fire: The Shanghai War of 1932
publisher = University of Michigan Press
id = ISBN: 0-472-11165-5
* cite news
author= Howard G. Chua-Eoan
title=A Distant Mirror
* [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,791158,00.html?promoid=googlep Time Magazine Nov. 29, 1943, Deaths]
last = Nishida
first = Hiroshi
url = http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/px32.htm#a001
title = Imperial Japanese Navy
accessdate = 2007-08-25
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