- Brighton, Boston, Massachusetts
Brighton is a neighborhood of the City of Boston,
Massachusetts, located in the northwest corner of the city. It comprises land covered by the zip code 02135. [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/zip-code/Brighton_MA-70213500000.aspx Brighton, Massachusetts (MA) population and demographics data - Sperling's BestPlaces ] ]
official_name =Brighton, Mass
nickname = Little Cambridge, South Cambridge, Third Parish (all archaic)
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1630
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = February 24, 1807
established_title3 = Annexed by Boston
established_date3 = January 5, 1874
timezone = Eastern
timezone_DST = Eastern
area_code = 617
In 1630, land comprising present-day
Allston-Brightonand Newton was assigned to Watertown.cite web |title=History of Brighton-Allston |url=http://www.bahistory.org/HistoryBrighton.html |accessdate=2008-01-29] In 1634, the Massachusetts Bay Colonytransferred ownership of the south side of the Charles River, including present-day Allston-Brighton and Newton, from Watertown to Newetowne, later renamed Cambridge.
In 1646, Reverend John Eliot established a “
Praying Indian” village on the present Newton-Brighton boundary, where resided local natives converted to Christianity. The first permanent English settlement came as settlers crossed the Charles River from Cambridge, establishing Little Cambridge, the area's name before 1807.
American Revolutionary War, Little Cambridge become a small, prosperous farming community with fewer than 300 residents. Its inhabitants included wealthy Boston merchants such as Benjamin Faneuil.
A key event in the history of Allston-Brighton was the establishment in 1775 of a cattle market to supply the
Continental Army. Jonathan Winship I and Jonathan Winship II established the market, and in the post-war period that followed, the Winships become the largest meat packers in Massachusetts.
The residents of Little Cambridge resolved to secede from Cambridge when the latter's government made decisions detrimental to the cattle industry and also failed to repair the Great Bridge linking Little Cambridge with Cambridge proper. Legislative approval for separation was obtained in 1807, and Little Cambridge renamed itself Brighton.
In October 1873, the Town of Brighton voted to annex itself to the City of Boston, and in January 1874 Brighton officially became a neighborhood of the City of Boston.
Brighton is accessible via the B line of Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority's (
MBTA) Green Line as well as its local bus routes (57 - Kenmore Squareto Watertown Yard, 64 - Oak Squareto Central Square (Cambridge)via Cambridge Street, 65 - Kenmore Square to Brighton Center via Longwood Medical District, 70 - Waltham to Central Square (Cambridge) via Western Avenue and 86 - Cleveland Circleto Harvard Squarevia Market Street) and inner-express bus routes (501 - Brighton Center to Financial District and 503 - Brighton Center to Copley Square). The C branch of the Green line terminates in Brighton, and the D branch of the Green line runs nearby, though not through Brighton.
While 47% of the population of Brighton drives alone to work, 36% uses
mass transit, compared with 71% and 15% respectively for the United Statesas a whole. [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/zip-code/Zip_Code_02135_Brighton_MA-TRANSPORT-DATA-70213500081.aspx Brighton, Massachusetts (MA) transportation resources - Sperling's BestPlaces ] ]
Brighton is a neighborhood of Boston that is connected to the rest of the city by the Allston neighborhood and is otherwise surrounded by Cambridge, Watertown, Newton, and Brookline. The Charles River separates Brighton from Cambridge and Watertown. According to the Census Bureau, Brighton, defined by zip code 02135, has a population of 43,887 and a land area of 2.78 square miles.
Brighton is, for the most part, administered jointly with the adjacent neighborhood of Allston (zip code 02134). The two are often referred to together as "
Allston-Brighton" (and by some as "Brighton-Allston"), and (also according to Census Bureau data) have a combined population of 65,276 and a land area of 4.12 square miles.
As of 2007, the estimated population of Brighton is 42,789, a 2.81% loss from the 2000 Census. The population density is 14,797 per mi2, slightly higher than the citywide average of 12,166 per mi2. The
median ageis 32.2. The largest measured age cohort is 25-34, which comprises 32.52% of the population. (Note: depending on methodology, college students might not be counted.) Fifty-nine percent of the population have never been married. [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/zip-code/Zip_Code_02135_Brighton_MA-PEOPLE-DATA-70213500011.aspx Brighton, Massachusetts (MA) demographic resources - Sperling's BestPlaces ] ]
The population was 78% white, 12%
Asian American, 3.5% black or African American, and nearly 7% Hispanic of any race. [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/zip-code/Zip_Code_02135_Brighton_MA-PEOPLE-DATA-70213500011.aspx Brighton, Massachusetts (MA) demographic resources - Sperling's BestPlaces ] ]
Thirty-three percent of Brighton has graduated from a four-year
college. [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/zip-code/Zip_Code_02135_Brighton_MA-EDUCATE-DATA-70213500071.aspx Brighton, Massachusetts (MA) education and school resources - Sperling's BestPlaces ] ]
median home priceis $495,000 compared with $217,200 for the country as a whole, and the cost of livingis 30% higher than the national average. [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/zip-code/Brighton_MA-70213500000.aspx Brighton, Massachusetts (MA) population and demographics data - Sperling's BestPlaces ] ] Brighton has a comparatively older housing stock. The median home age was 58 years and 42% of homes were built before 1939. [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/zip-code/Zip_Code_02135_Brighton_MA-HOUSING-DATA-70213500031.aspx Brighton, Massachusetts (MA) real estate resources - Sperling's BestPlaces ] ]
The largest religious group (45%) is Catholic, with
Protestants and other Christians making up the second-largest, at 10% of the population. The next largest religious identification is Judaism(4%), with Islamat 2%. [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/zip-code/Zip_Code_02135_Brighton_MA-RELIGION-DATA-70213500101.aspx Brighton, Massachusetts (MA) religion resources - Sperling's BestPlaces ] ]
Colleges and universities
Brighton is host to the Everest Institute, Saint John's Seminary and portions of
Boston Collegeand Harvard University. Currently the latter two institutions have ambitious and controversial plans to expand their presence in Brighton. The area is also proximal to other colleges, including Boston University, and houses many of their students and faculty.
"See also the
List of colleges and universities in metropolitan Boston."
William F. Galvin, Secretary of State
*Joe Kennedy, son of the late Robert Kennedy
James Lynch, member of the Dropkick Murphys
Fred Salvucci, former Massachusetts secretary of transportaion
Dennis Lehane, author of " Mystic River", among many other Boston-set novels
Michael Bloomberg, mayor of New York City, was born in Brighton.
Patrick J Kennedy, U.S. Congressman for Rhode Island's 1st district
Mr. Lif, political rapper
Kevin Honan, state rep
Pete Wilson, former governor of California, grew up in Brighton
* [http://www.brightonbot.com/history.php Brighton Board of Trade history page]
* Dr. William P. Marchione, "A Short History of Allston-Brighton"
* Dr. William P. Marchione, The Bull in the Garden (1986)
* Dr. William P. Marchione, Images of America: Allston-Brighton (1996)
* [http://www.brightonmainstreets.org/History.html Excerpts from "Historical Allston-Brighton"]
* [http://www.salemdeeds.com/atlases_results.asp?ImageType=index&atlastype=MassWorld&atlastown=&atlas=MASSACHUSETTS+1871&atlas_desc=MASSACHUSETTS+1871 "1871 Atlas of Massachusetts".] by Wall & Gray. [http://www.salemdeeds.com/atlases_pages.asp?ImageName=PAGE_0010_0011.jpg&atlastype=MassWorld&atlastown=&atlas=MASSACHUSETTS+1871&atlas_desc=MASSACHUSETTS+1871&pageprefix= Map of Massachusetts.] [http://www.salemdeeds.com/atlases_pages.asp?ImageName=PAGE_0044_0045.jpg&atlastype=MassWorld&atlastown=&atlas=MASSACHUSETTS+1871&atlas_desc=MASSACHUSETTS+1871&pageprefix= Map of Middlesex County.]
* History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Compiled by Samuel Adams Drake, published 1879, [http://books.google.com/books?id=QGolOAyd9RMC&pg=PA280&dq=intitle:History+intitle:of+intitle:Middlesex+intitle:County+intitle:Massachusetts&lr=&num=50&as_brr=0&source=gbs_selected_pages&cad=0_2#PPA278,M1 Volume1 page 278 Brighton,] by Rev. Frederic Whitney. Note Brighton was originally part of Middlesex County before joining Boston which is Suffolk County.
* [http://www.bahistory.org/bahfirst.html Brighton-Allston Historical Society]
* [http://www.allstonbrightoncdc.org Allston Brighton Community Development Corporation]
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