Infobox Radio station
name = WHTZ
Newark, New Jersey
area = New York City area
branding = Z100 HD
slogan = "New York's Hit Music Station"
airdate = August 2, 1983
frequency = 100.3 FM (MHz) HD Radio
100.3-2 FM New Top 40 music (HD Radio)
format = Commercial; Top 40 (CHR)
erp = 6,000
haat = 415
class = B
facility_id = 59953
callsign_meaning = HiTZ
owner = Clear Channel
WAXQ, WKTU, WLTW, WWPR-FM
webcast = [http://www.z100.com/cc-common/streaming_new/index.html?refreshed=yes Listen Live]
website = [http://www.z100.com/ www.z100.com]
coordinates = coord|40|44|54.00|N| 73|59|10.00|W|region:US_type:city
WHTZ, also known as Z100, is a
radio stationthat serves New York City metropolitan area, broadcasting on the FMband at a frequencyof 100.3 MHz. Licensed to Newark, New Jersey, the station is currently owned by Clear Channel Communications. The station's transmitter is located on the Empire State Building.
call lettersare supposed to represent the word "hits"; indeed, an early advertising campaignfor the station claimed that HTZ was "The New Way to Spell 'Hits' in New York."Fact|date=November 2007
Z100's current slogan is "New York's Hit Music Station.", used in tandem on-air with "All The Hits". The long running "#1" part of the slogan was removed in 2007. The former slogan was "Today's Best Music."
Z100is considered the biggest CHR/Top 40 station in the country, due to its 5 million audience weekly.
100.3 began as WMGM, which played
easy listeningmusic. They would change hands to local owners in the 60's and become WVNJ. The "Easy Listening" music format (also known as Beautiful Musicor, more commonly, "elevator music") consisted of playing instrumental versions of familiar songs. The station was known as "WVNJoy". Licensed to Newark, NJ, its FM transmitter was in West Orange, New Jersey, while its studios and AM transmitter were located on State Route 10 in Livingston, New Jersey. At the time, they had an effective power of about 20,000 watts, and they put out 5,000 actual watts. This lack of coverage due to lesser power inhibited the station's opportunity to show with competitive strength in ratings estimates in the NY Market. Thus the station's target market concentration was northern New Jersey. Radio listeners in the New York City metropolitan area could listen to WPAT-AM, WPAT-FM, WRFM, and WTFM for easy listening.
In 1980, when WRVR (now
WLTW) dropped jazz for country, WVNJ began playing jazz music, which would air after 8 PM. They became known as "VNJoy By Day, VNJazz By Night". In May of 1983, plans were made for 100.3 FM to be purchased by Cleveland-based Malrite Communications. Malrite signed on the station from a studio in Secaucus, New Jerseyand moved the transmitter to the top of the Empire State Building. In addition, new management announced plans for a top 40format. The sale became final on August 1, 1983, and WVNJ-FM would end broadcasts on 100.3 that night.
The station, which now had the callsign WHTZ, went on the air at 6:08 AM on August 2, 1983 with program director/morning show host
Scott Shannon, and the first song ever played on the station was " Eye of the Tiger" by Survivor. They signed on from their new and still incomplete studio in Secaucus, transmitting from the old FM tower site near Livingston, New Jersey, as their antenna would not be moved to the top of the Empire State Building until later in August. They did not begin calling themselves "Z100" until a few days later. Moving the tower to midtown Manhattan greatly increased the coverage area of the station's signal.
Z100 was the second station that summer to attempt to bring the
Top 40format back to New York, with rock station WPLJhaving begun the evolution to top 40 in June. WHTZ was programmed to remind listeners of one-time AM powerhouse WABC, which had gone from a tight Top 40 format to leaning Disco in early 1979 to leaning adult rock later in 1979 to leaning adult contemporaryin 1980 to evolving to Adult Contemporary/Talk in 1981, before it finally flipped from to an all-talk format on May 10, 1982.
Within 74 days of signing on, WHTZ had climbed from last place to first in the New York
Over the years, Z100 stayed with a top 40 format, with WPLJ behind them in the ratings. Scott Shannon would leave Z100 at the end of 1988 to begin "Pirate Radio" in Los Angeles, and Steve Kingston took over as program director. By 1991, however, the Top 40 format was in an identity crisis. A major sign of this crisis would come when WPLJ would move to a
hot adult contemporaryformat by 1992. Z100 would respond to this by adding some older songs and introducing an evening talk show called "Love Phones". Ratings gradually dropped from 1991 to 1993. In 1993, Z100 dropped the older songs and began mixing in alternative rock music which wasn't normally being played on Top 40 stations. By the end of 1994, the majority of the station's music consisted of alternative rock with only a few non-modern-rock-based songs per hour. The station would still play the current big hits by artists such as Madonna, TLC, Mariah Carey, and others. At this point Z100 was sold to Shamrock Broadcasting.
Ratings, though nowhere near the top anymore, would remain steady at the station during much of the mid-1990s, but by March 1996, there was a steep drop after
WKTUsigned on 103.5 FM with a dance music format, and WXRKadapted a full alternative rock format. Both stations would end up taking listeners from Z100. Steve Kingston and his assistant Sam Milkman would leave Z100 for K-Rock, while music director Andy Shane would leave for WKTU, joining another former Z100 music director, Frankie Blue. Airstaff had also gradually begun leaving the station beginning that February. Z100 had even stopped using the name "Morning Zoo" the year before. Morning host John Lander left in November 1995. That January, Steve Cochrane arrived to do mornings but by May he was gone. Z100 was undergoing a crisis at this point. The station was sold in a corporate deal to Chancellor Media.
In April 1996, the station brought in
Tom Polemanas its new programming director. Initially, at that point, Z100 dropped all non-modern rock titles and began playing strictly pop alternative. By May 1996, Z100 began gradually replacing its on-air staff, and the harder alternative songs were phased out. Though initially it seemed that Z100 was becoming a modern AC station, beginning that summer, the station would gradually began to move back to a mainstream Top 40 format, as they added pop music from such formats as R&B, rap, and adult contemporary. One of Poleman's biggest moves was to switch DJ Elvis Duran from afternoons to the "Z Morning Zoo" (which was known as "The Morning Show" for the previous several years), Z100's popular morning show. Despite having shared the post with other hosts (such as Elliot Segal, now at WWDC) through the years, Duran remains the "Head Zookeeper" to this day. By December 1996, Z100 was a full-time Top 40 station again, and its ratings reached the heights at which they still remain today. Chancellor merged with Evergreen in 1997, making WKTU a sister station of Z100. Still, both stations continued on the same courses, occasionally overlapping with music.
In a 1999 merger, Z100's parent company, Chancellor, would acquire
Capstar, forming AM/FM Inc. Shortly after the merger was finalized, AM/FM would be bought by its current owners, Clear Channel Communications.
In the hours and days after September 11, 2001, Z-100 positioned their Studio Cam towards the window so listeners could get an up to the minute view of what was happening at
The station now broadcasts "mini-mixes" by
DJ Spinbad, a well-known DJ who creates a nightly mash-up mix of the day's top songs, playing them all together, mixing, for instance, the lyrics of one with the music of another. This often lasts 15-20 minutes, and is played at seven o'clock and ten o'clock Monday through Friday. Spinbad's mix is also a part of the weekly "5 O'Clock Whistle", a tradition started in 1986 to celebrate the end of the work week.
In early 2006, Z100 launched an
HD Radiostation that plays songs by bands who have not gone mainstream, or have very little exposure. Currently, it is the only New York City area HD2 station that features DJs.
In October 2007, after years of hovering near the top, Z100 once again became the highest-rated station in New York City, scoring a 5.1 rating in persons 12+ in the Summer book. This marks the first number-one finish for the station since the 1980s, according to Clear Channel New York programming guru Tom Poleman. It also scored a first-place among the 18-34 demographic in the book, as well as a second place in the 25-54 demo.
In 2008, world-famous remixer
Jason Nevinsjoined Z100 for the "Remix at 6 with Jason Nevins", where 1 of Jason's remixes is played every night at 6pm. The programming follows the Z100 playlist and gives listeners a "you heard it hear first" mix premiere of projects that come straight from Jason's studio.
Elvis Duran and the Z100 Morning Show
While it was not created at WHTZ, the popular
morning zooformat became a widely-employed morning show concept based on its success at Z100 - even to the point of being implemented at Malrite's sister station in Cleveland, rock-formatted WMMS. Essentally, the Morning Zoo formula was grafted onto their already successful morning show, and lasted until 1994.
The current Morning show includes
Elvis Duran, Danielle Monaro, John Bell, Carolina Bermudez, Greg T, Skeery Jones, David Brody, TJ, Garrett, Scotty B and Loren. The show also features Froggy, the Y100 Miami Executive Producer.
The Z100 Morning Show features "John Bell's Stupid News," Danielle's "Sleaze Report," Carolina's "Rage Page," "
Phone Taps" (Actual prank calls to an unsuspecting friend or relative of a listener), stunts performed by Greg T, Song Parodies, various contests, news and traffic reports.
They have been simulcast on Max 106.3
WHCYin New Jerseysince Early 2003.The show began syndication on May 22, 2006, starting with WHYIY100 in Miami, Florida, followed by WIOQQ102 in Philadelphiaon July 23, 2008 and began airing on Cleveland's Kiss FM on Aug 25th 2008
Until May 2008 the show was known as "Elvis Duran and The (Y/Z) Morning Zoo", but the "Zoo" references were replaced with "Show" by July, to make it more marketable to new affiliates that do not use a letter in their name, like Z100 and Y100. This was done because they were beginning to broadcast on WIOQ in Philadelphia along with other stations.
The Z Morning Zoo Show has had several lead hosts, or "zookeepers":
*John Bell's Stupid News
*Carolina's Rage Page
*The Answer is Meat
*Mr. Cardboard Tube - Voiced by Elvis with a Cardboard Tube
The station annually holds popular concerts featuring top-name acts: "Z100's Jingle Ball" at
Madison Square Gardenin Midtown Manhattanduring the winter holiday season, and "Z100's Zootopia" in the early summer.
From 1983-1991 and from 1997-2004, Z100 aired the "24 Hours Of Christmas" from Christmas Eve to Christmas Day. Sometimes it would begin at Noon, and other years it would be as late as 2pm. They were one of the first major market Top 40 stations to play wall-to-wall
Christmas musicat the time. The music consisted of Christmas songs done by core artists mixed with well known Christmas music by oldies artists and some traditional easy listening type artists. The versions of the songs not done by Z100 core artists were widely played familiar songs. They played about 125 songs in total, which were repeated over this 24 hour period. When Scott Shannon arrived at WPLJ, he began the same tradition there in 1991. Z100 discontinued the tradition in 1992 and during the "alternative years". By 1997, more core artists began creating Christmas music. As a result, Z100 reinstated the 24 hours of Christmas that year. It would continue until 2004, when it was discontinued due to the desire to counter-program other co-owned stations as well as competitors.
Christmas Eveat noon, the station airs a (pre-recorded) countdown show of the top 100 songs for the year, based on the total number of song spins, listener requests, and weekly playlist success (peak position, weeks on). The show is then repeated an average of once a day over the following week, with a final broadcast airing in January. Until 2004, the countdown began at Noon on Christmas day after the "24 Hours Of Christmas". Until 2005, the countdown was hosted by Elvis Duran and Paul "Cubby" Bryant. In June 2006, Cubby left Z100 to co-host the nationally-syndicated "Wake Up With Whoopi" Goldberg program, heard in NY on Z100's sister station WKTU. As of 2006, Z100's Top 100 countdown is hosted by Elvis Duran and new afternoon DJ JJ.
Songs that are released in the final quarter of the year can be problematic; if a song is very popular during the last three months of the year and is in high rotation, it will often peak higher than a song that had been in medium rotation for a number of months. However, if a popular song is only in low to medium rotation during the later part of the year, it will often chart very low or not at all on the year end countdown, only to appear very high on the countdown of the following year.
History of #1s
These songs hit #1 on Z100's Top 100 Songs from 1983 to 2008.
The Police- " Every Breath You Take"
*1984: Prince - "
When Doves Cry"
Wham!- " Careless Whisper"
Patti LaBelleft. Michael McDonald - "On My Own"
Atlantic Starr- " Always"
George Michael- "One More Try"
Bon Jovi- " I'll Be There For You"
*1990: Madonna - "Vogue"
Bryan Adams- " (Everything I Do) I Do It for You"
Boyz II Men- " End Of The Road"
Mariah Carey- " Dreamlover"
Melissa Etheridge- " Come To My Window"
Pearl Jam- " Better Man"
Alanis Morissette- " Ironic"
Third Eye Blind- " Semi-Charmed Life"
Goo Goo Dolls- "Iris"
Sixpence None The Richer- " Kiss Me"
Destiny's Child- " Jumpin', Jumpin'"
*2001: Lifehouse - "
Hanging By A Moment"
Linkin Park- " In The End"
Evanescence- " Bring Me to Life"
*2004: Usher ft.
Ludacrisand Lil Jon- " Yeah!"
Kelly Clarkson- " Behind These Hazel Eyes"
Shakiraft. Wyclef Jean- " Hips Don't Lie"
Timbalandft. Keri Hilson- " The Way I Are"
* Kelly Clarkson was the first artist to hold the top two positions on the annual list, with "Behind These Hazel Eyes" and "
Since U Been Gone" in 2005. This achievement was equaled in 2007 when Timbaland held these spots with "The Way I Are" and " Give It To Me" at number one and two respectively.
* Shakira was the first Latina singer to top the countdown.
* Third Eye Blind, Lifehouse, and Evanescence are the only artists to have their debut single top the countdown.
* Only four songs that topped the countdown were collaborations. In 1986 with Patti LeBelle and Michael McDonald; in 2004 with Usher, Ludacris, and Lil Jon; in 2006 with Shakira and Wyclef Jean; and in 2007 with Timbaland, Keri Hilson, and D.O.E..
* No artist has even topped the chart twice. Even though, technically George Michael has topped it twice (once with Wham! in 1985, and as a solo artist in 1988).
Elvis Duran(and the Z100 Morning Show)
TJ the DJ
*Froggy (From Y100 in Miami)
Romeo on the Radio
TreyAdditionally, WHTZ broadcasts the nationally-syndicated American Top 40hosted by Ryan Seacrestevery Sunday from 8am to 12pm ET.
Paul "Cubby" Bryant(currently working as a morning host at sister station 103.5 WKTUin New York)
Christine Nagy(currently working as a morning host at sister station 106.7 WLTWin New York)
Adam Curry(currently working as a morning host at Arrow Classic Rockin The Netherlands)
*"Jack Da Wack" Jack Tally (currently at country/
KKBQHouston as Cactus Jack)
The Jammer(a.k.a. Spyder Harrison, host of the Sirius Hits 1 Weekend Countdown, and Nights on Sirius Channel 7 "Totally 70s" as J.J. Walker)
Kid Kelly(currently working for Sirius Satellite Radioon its "Sirius Hits 1" channel; doing syndicated "Backtrax USA", WHTZ airs the 90's edition of Backtrax on early Saturday mornings from 4am-6am). He worked with a couple of sidekicks over the years: first, Telephone Tony (a.k.a Tone E Flycurrently host of The Tone E Fly Morning Show at KTTBin Minneapolis-St Paul) then Cousin Butchie Cassidy.
Diane Pryor(currently working at sister station 103.5 WKTUin New York)
Chris Marino(current morning host at K104/ WSPKin the Hudson Valley of New York)
* Steve Grunwald (Currently working mornings on 99.5
Dr. George Brothers
*Sean "Hollywood" Hamilton (currently the host of the widely popular syndicated show "The Weekend Top 30 Countdown" as well as the afternoon host at sister station 103.5
WKTUin New York)
Human Numan(currently middays on Sirius Hits 1)
JoJo Morales(currently nights on XM 80s on 8)
Susan Leigh Taylor
*Rich Davis (currently Sirius Hits 1,as well as Maxim Radio on Sirus 108)
Priestly(currently on XM Satellite Radio's 20 on 20 from 6am-9am(e) and the Music Director)
*Magic Matt Alan
*Murphy (currently "Stick On the Radio" afternoons on
* Jagger -(currently working at sister station 103.5
WKTUin New York)
Chio The Hit Man(Currently hosting the morning show on Philadelphia's WRDW)
*Patty Steele (currently working with 'Scott & Todd in the Morning' on
WPLJin New York
Freddy Vedder(a.k.a. Logancurrently working at WISXin Philadelphia)
The 2007 "New York's Hit Music Station" logo and Current (2008) Red Blue Yellow "Z100 New York" logo, not yet listed here
* [http://www.z100.com/ Official Website]
* [http://www.z100.eu/ Z100 Europe The european sister ]
* [http://www.myspace.com/z100newyork Z100's MySpace Page]
* [http://www.myspace.com/elvisduranandthezoo The Morning Show's MySpace Page]
* [http://www.spinbad.com/ DJ Spinbad's Homepage] (Includes a Store and Bio.)
* [http://www.elvisduran.com/ The Morning Show's Homepage]
* [http://www.at40.com/ American Top 40]
* [http://www.ct30.com/z100/more.txt Z100 Top 100 Countdown History, 1983-2007]
* [http://www.backtraxusa.com Kid Kelly's Nationaly Syndicated "BackTrax USA" Show.]
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