- Declarative theory of statehood
The declarative theory of statehood defines a
stateas a person of international law that meets certain structural criteria.
A document that is often quoted on the matter to is the
Montevideo Convention(1933), Article 1 of which states:
:"The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population; (b) a defined territory; (c) government; and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states."
Article 3 of the Convention declares that statehood is independent of recognition by other states. In contrast, recognition is considered a requirement for statehood by the
constitutive theory of statehood.
A similar opinion about "the conditions on which an entity constitutes a state" is expressed by the
European Economic Community"Opinions of the Badinter Arbitration Committee". The Committee found that a state was defined by having a territory, a population, and a political authority. The committee also found that the existence and disappearance of states was a question of fact, while the recognition by other states was purely declaratory.
List of unrecognized countries
Constitutive theory of statehood
* [http://ejil.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/3/1/178 Opinions of the Badinter Arbitration Committee] at the "European Journal of International Law"
* [http://www.burneylawfirm.com/international_law_primer.htm A Brief Primer on International Law] With cases and commentary. Nathaniel Burney, 2007.
* [http://www.un.org. Official United Nations website]
* [http://www.un.org/law. Official UN website on International Law]
* [http://www.icj-cij.org/. Official website of the International Court of Justice]
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