- David Cecil, 6th Marquess of Exeter
Medal record Men's athletics Competitor for Great Britain Olympic Games Gold 1928 Amsterdam 400 m hurdles Silver 1932 Los Angeles 4×400 m relay Competitor for England British Empire Games Gold 1930 Hamilton 120 yd hurdles Gold 1930 Hamilton 440 yd hurdles Gold 1930 Hamilton 4×440 yd relay
David George Brownlow Cecil, 6th Marquess of Exeter KCMG (9 February 1905 – 22 October 1981), styled Lord Burghley before 1956 and also known as David Burghley, was an English athlete, sports official and Conservative Party politician. He won the gold medal in the 400 m hurdles at the 1928 Summer Olympics.
A notable runner at school and at Cambridge, he continued with his athletics and won the British AAA championships in 120 yd from 1929 to 1931 and the 440 yd (402m) hurdles from 1926 to 1928, and again in 1930 and 1932.
Burghley made his Olympics debut in Paris in 1924, when he was eliminated in the first round of the 110 metre hurdles event. At the 1928 Summer Olympics, Burghley was eliminated in the semi final of the 110 metre hurdles competition, but won the 400 m hurdles, beating second and third placed Americans Frank Cuhel and Morgan Taylor by 0.2 seconds. At the first Commonwealth Games in 1930, Burghley won both hurdling events and also was a member of gold medal winning British 4 x 440 yards relay team.
In 1931 Burghley was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Peterborough. He was granted a leave of absence to compete in the 1932 Summer Olympics, where he placed fourth in the 400 m hurdles event, fifth in the 110 m hurdles competition, and won a silver medal as a member of British 4×400 m relay team.
As an athlete, Burghley was a very keen practitioner who placed matchboxes on hurdles and practised knocking over the matchboxes with his lead foot without touching the hurdle. In 1927, his final year at Magdalene College, Cambridge, he amazed colleagues by sprinting around the Great Court at Trinity College in the time it took the college clock to toll 12 o'clock, inspiring the scene in the film Chariots of Fire (whose character Lord Andrew Lindsay is based upon Burghley) in which Harold Abrahams accomplishes the same feat. Lord Burghley did not allow his name to be used in the film because of the inaccurate historical depiction in the movie. There was never a race upon which Harold Abrahams beat Lord Burghley in this feat as the movie depicts. Burghley is also said to have set another unusual record by racing around the upper promenade deck of the Queen Mary in 57 seconds, dressed in everyday clothes.
Burghley later served as president of the Amateur Athletic Association for 40 years, president of the International Amateur Athletic Federation for 30 years and as a member of the International Olympic Committee for 48 years. He was also chairman of the Organising Committee of the 1948 Summer Olympics.
Burghley was a member of the Conservative and Unionist Party and served as MP for Peterborough from 1931 until 1943. He was first elected in the 1931 General Election, when he ousted the sitting Labour MP J. F. Horrabin. Burghley was returned to the House of Commons again in the 1935 General Election. Burghley resigned his Commons seat in 1943 when he was appointed Governor of Bermuda, a post in which he served until 1945.
Lord Burghley married firstly in 1929, Lady Mary Theresa Montagu Douglas Scott (4 March 1904 – 1 June 1984), fourth daughter of Sir John Montagu Douglas Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch & 9th Duke of Queensberry and Lady Margaret Alice "Molly" Bridgeman. They had four children before they divorced in 1946:
- Lady Davina Mary Cecil (b. 29 June 1931), married 1952 (divorced) John Vane, 11th Baron Barnard and had issue.
- John William Edward Cecil (1933–1934).
- Lady Gillian Moyra Katherine Cecil (b. 8 March 1935), married 1stly 1954 (divorced 1978) Sir Giles Floyd, 7th Baronet and had issue, two sons. She then married 1979 George Michael Kertesz (d. 16 February 2007), and thirdly April 2008 Jeremy Smith.
- Lady Angela Mary Rose Cecil (b. 21 May 1938), married William Richard Michael Oswald (Sir Michael Oswald) and had issue.
He married secondly, the war widow Diana Henderson, granddaughter of Alexander Henderson, 1st Baron Faringdon and had a daughter,
- Lady Victoria Diana Cecil (b. 28 June 1947), married to Simon Leatham with issue and a well-known antiques expert and television personality. She was the chatelaine of Burghley House from 1982 until 2007. She has been succeeded by her daughter Miranda Rock.
Great Court Run
One scene in the 1981 film Chariots of Fire recreates a race in which the runners attempt to round the perimeter of the Great Court at Trinity College, Cambridge in the time it takes the clock to double strike the hour at midday or midnight. Many have tried to run the 367 metres (401 yards) around the court in the 43.6 seconds that it takes to strike 12 o'clock. Known as the Great Court Run, students traditionally attempt to complete the circuit on the evening of the Matriculation Dinner. The only person recognized to have actually completed the run in time is Lord Burghley in 1927.
- ^ Exeter, 6th Marquess of in Who's Who 2007 (retrieved 29 September 2007)
- ^ Cullen, Pamela V., A Stranger in Blood: The Case Files on Dr John Bodkin Adams, London, Elliott & Thompson, 2006, p. 81. ISBN 1-904027-19-9
- ^ "Burghley House Preservation Trust Limited from Burghley's web site". http://www.burghley.co.uk/html/charity.html.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by David Cecil, Lord Burghley
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Peterborough
Government offices Preceded by
Governor of Bermuda
Admiral Sir Ralph Leatham
Academic offices Preceded by
Rector of the University of St Andrews
The Earl of Crawford
Peerage of the United Kingdom Preceded by
Marquess of Exeter
Olympic Champions in Men's 400 m Hurdles
1900: Walter Tewksbury (USA) • 1904: Harry Hillman (USA) • 1908: Charles Bacon (USA) • 1920: Frank Loomis (USA) • 1924: Morgan Taylor (USA) • 1928: David Burghley (GBR) • 1932: Bob Tisdall (IRL) • 1936: Glenn Hardin (USA) • 1948: Roy Cochran (USA) • 1952: Charles Moore (USA) • 1956: Glenn Davis (USA) • 1960: Glenn Davis (USA) • 1964: Rex Cawley (USA) • 1968: David Hemery (GBR) • 1972: John Akii-Bua (UGA) • 1976: Edwin Moses (USA) • 1980: Volker Beck (GDR) • 1984: Edwin Moses (USA) • 1988: André Phillips (USA) • 1992: Kevin Young (USA) • 1996: Derrick Adkins (USA) • 2000: Angelo Taylor (USA) • 2004: Félix Sánchez (DOM) • 2008: Angelo Taylor (USA)
Commonwealth Champions in Men's 110 m Hurdles 1930 – 1966: 120 yards Hurdles • 1970 – present: 110 metres Hurdles
1930: Lord Burghley (ENG) • 1934: Don Finlay (ENG) • 1938: Tom Lavery (SAF) • 1950: Peter Gardner (AUS) • 1954 – 1958: Keith Gardner (JAM) • 1962: Ghulam Raziq (PAK) • 1966 – 1970: David Hemery (ENG) • 1974: Fatwell Kimaiyo (KEN) • 1978: Berwyn Price (WAL) • 1982 – 1986: Mark McKoy (CAN) • 1990 – 1994: Colin Jackson (WAL) • 1998: Tony Jarrett (ENG) • 2002: Shaun Bownes (RSA) • 2006: Maurice Wignall (JAM) • 2010: Andy Turner (ENG)
Commonwealth Champions in Men's 400 m Hurdles 1930 – 1966: 440 yards Hurdles • 1970 – Present: 400 metres Hurdles
1930: Lord Burghley (ENG) • 1934: Alan Hunter (SCO) • 1938: John Loaring (CAN) • 1950: Duncan White (CEY) • 1954: David Lean (AUS) • 1958: Gert Potgieter (SAF) • 1962: Ken Roche (AUS) • 1966: Ken Roche (AUS) • 1970: John Sherwood (ENG) • 1974: Alan Pascoe (ENG) • 1978: Daniel Kimaiyo (KEN) • 1982: Garry Brown (AUS) • 1986: Phil Beattie (NIR) • 1990: Kriss Akabusi (ENG) • 1994: Samuel Matete (ZAM) • 1998: Dinsdale Morgan (JAM) • 2002: Chris Rawlinson (ENG) • 2006: L. J. van Zyl (RSA) • 2010: Dai Greene (WAL)
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