- Howick Hall
Howick Hall, (gbmapping|NU24781750), a
Grade II* listed buildingin the village of Howick, Northumberland, England, is the ancestral seat of the Earls Grey. It was the home of the Prime Minister Charles, 2nd Earl Grey, after whom the famous tea is named. The original Earl Grey teawas specially blended by a Chinese mandarin to suit the water at Howick, and was later marketed by Twinings.
Howick has been owned by the Grey family since 1319. A
tower housewhich once stood on the site and which was demolished in 1780, was described in a survey of 1715 as 'a most magnificent freestone edifice in a square figure, flat roofed and embattled' and with 'a handsome court and gateway on the front'. The Hall which stands on the site today was built in 1782 by Newcastle architect, William Newton. The entrance was originally on the south side. The 2nd Earl Grey employed George Wyattin 1809 to enlarge the house by moving the entrance to the north side, filling out the front hall and the two quadrants linking the house to its wings, and building the first terrace on the south side.
A fire destroyed the whole of the interior of the main house in 1926, with all of the contents of the top two floors. It was rebuilt in 1928 to designs by Sir
Herbert Baker, who altered the north façade by introducing a portico above the front hall in order to make the house smaller with an open well in the middle, with a rotunda linking the front and back on the ground floor.
The family moved out of the main house shortly after the death of the 5th Earl Grey. In 1973 his grandson,
Charles Baring, 2nd Baron Howick of Glendale, converted the west wing into a home, where he and his family now live. Howick Hall is the location of the "Howick Gardens and Arboretum"
* [http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=237007&mode=quick English Heritage; Images of England]
* [http://www.ecastles.co.uk/philipdavis/Enlish%20sites/2715.html The Gatehouse Gazetteer]
* [http://www.howickhallgardens.org.uk/housefamily.asp Howick Hall and Grey family history]
* [http://www.howickhallgardens.org.uk Howick Hall Gardens website]
* [http://www.northumbria-byways.com/viewitem.aspx?id=93&location=3&sleeptype=&pets=1&code= The Bathing House] Built by the 2nd Earl to allow supervised bathing for his 16 children.
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