Vassa (from Pāli vasso, Sanskrit unicode|varṣaḥ, both "rain", _th. พรรษา, "pansa" or "phansaa"; _my. ဝါဆိုး), also called Rains Retreat, is the traditional retreat during the rainy season lasting for three lunar months from July to October. During this time Buddhist monks remain in a single place, generally in their temples. In some monasteries, monks dedicate the Vassa to intensive meditation. During Vassa, many Buddhist lay people reinvigorate their spiritual training and adopt more ascetic practices, such as giving up meat, alcohol, or smoking (Vassa is therefore sometimes known as "Buddhist Lent"). And in countries such as Thailand, the laity will often take monastic vows for period of Vassa and return to lay life afterwards. Commonly, the number of years a monk has spent in monastic life is expressed by counting the number of Vassas he has observed.

The Vassa retreat has largely been given up by Mahayana Buddhists, as Mahayana Buddhism has typically flourished in regions without a rainy season, however for Mahayana schools such as Zen and Tibetan Buddhism other forms of retreat are common.

The observation of Vassa is said to originate with the Buddha himself. Gautama Buddha ordered his disciples to observe a pre-existing practice whereby holy men avoided travel for a three month period during the rainy season, in order to avoid damaging crops.

Vassa begins on the first day of the waning moon of the eighth lunar month; the preceding day is Asalha Puja. The focus of celebration by the laity is the first day of Vassa (or Wan Kao Pansa) during which worshippers donate candles and other necessities to temples, in a ceremony which has reached its most extravagant form in the Ubon Ratchathani Candle Festival.

Vassa is followed by two of the major festivals of the year among Theravada Buddhists, Wan Awk Pansa and Kathina.

The end of vassa is marked by joyous celebration. The following month, the Kathina ceremony is held, during which the laity gathers to make formal offerings of robe cloth and other requisites to the Sangha.

See also

* Uposatha
* Thai Lunar Calendar


* [ Rains Retreat Music]
* [ Antonio Graceffo writes about Vassa, Buddhist Lent]

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Vassa — (von Pāli vasso, Sanskrit varṣaḥ, beides etwa: Regen; Birmanisch: ဝါဆို, Khmer: វស្សា oder ព្រះវស្សា; Lao: ພັນສາ pʰán săː, manchmal ວັດສາ wāt săː; Thai: พรรษา …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vassa — Bouddha redescendant du ciel Tavatimsa à l’issue de sa septième vassa (Birmanie, XIXe siècle Vassa ou retraite de la saison des pluies, de vasso (pali) ou varṣaḥ varsha (sanskrit) « pluie », est une période de trois mois lunaires… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vassa — /vas euh/, n. Gustavus (Olaudah Equiano), c1745 1801?, African slave, sold in the West Indies, and, after gaining freedom, abolitionist and writer in England. * * * ▪ Buddhism Pali“rains”       the Buddhist monastic retreat observed primarily in… …   Universalium

  • Vassa — El término palí vassa, se refiere al retiro budista durante la época de lluvias en la India (el periodo de los monzones, cuando los monjes interrumpen su peregrinación habitual y permanecen recogidos en meditación y rezo. vasso (‘lluvia’), en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • vassa — crevassa rêvassa …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • vässa — v ( de, t) …   Clue 9 Svensk Ordbok

  • Vassa — /vas euh/, n. Gustavus (Olaudah Equiano), c1745 1801?, African slave, sold in the West Indies, and, after gaining freedom, abolitionist and writer in England …   Useful english dictionary

  • Joanna Vassa — (1795 1857) was the only surviving descendant of author and leading anti slavery campaigner, Olaudah Equiano, who is also known as Gustavus Vassa, the African . Joanna s early life was tragic. In 1796, only a year after her birth, her English… …   Wikipedia

  • Gustavo Vassa — Olaudah Equiano Olaudah Equiano (alias Gustavo Vassa) (* 1745 in Igbo (dem heutigen Nigeria); † 31. März 1797 in den USA) war als ehemaliger Sklave ein Kämpfer für das Verbot des Sklavenhandels und der Verfasser einer damals sehr berühmten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • slipa — • vässa …   Svensk synonymlexikon

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