:"Buzyges redirects here. For the
genusof grass skipper butterflies, see " Buzyges (butterfly).Triptolemus ("threefold warrior"; also Buzyges), in Greek mythologyalways connected with Demeterof the Eleusinian Mysteries, might be accounted the son of King Celeusof Eleusisin Attica, or, according to the Pseudo-Apollodorus ("Bibliotheca" I.V.2), the son of Gaia and Okeanos—another way of saying he was "primordial man".
Demeterwas searching for her daughter, having taken the form of an old woman called Doso, she received a hospitable welcome from Celeus. He asked her to nurse Demophon—"killer of men", a counterpart to Triptolemus— and Triptolemus, his sons by Metanira. As a gift to Celeus, because of his hospitality, Demeter planned to make Demophon immortal by burning away his mortal spirit in the family hearth every night. She was unable to complete the ritual because Metanira walked in on her one night. Instead, Demeter chose to teach Triptolemus the art of agriculture and, from him, the rest of Greece learned to plant and reap crops. He flew across the land on a winged chariot while Demeter and Persephonecared for him, and helped him complete his mission of educating the whole of Greece in the art of agriculture.
When Triptolemus taught
Lyncus, King of the Scythians, the arts of agriculture, Lyncus refused to teach it to his people and then tried to kill Triptolemus. Demeter turned him into a lynx. Triptolemus was equally associated with the bestowal of hope for the afterlife associated with the expansion of the Eleusinian Mysteries (Kerenyi 1967 p 123).
In the archaic
Homeric Hymn to Demeter, Triptolemus was briefly mentioned as one of the original priests of Demeter, one of the first men to learn the secret rites and mysteries of Eleusinian Mysteries: Diocles, Eumolpos, Celeusand Polyxeinuswere the others mentioned of the first priests. The role of Triptolemus in the Eleusinian mysteries was exactly defined: "he had a cult of his own, apart from the Mysteries. One entered his temple on the way to the closed-off sacred precinct, before coming to the former Hekataion, the temple of Artemisoutside the great Propylaia." (Kerenyi). In the 5th-century bas-relief in the National Museum, Athens, which probably came from his temple, the boy Triptolemus stands between the Two Goddesses Demeter and the Kore, and receives from Demeter the ear of grain (of gold, now lost).
Porphyry ("On Abstinence" IV.22) ascribes to Triptolemus three commandments for a simple, pious life: "Honor your parents", "Honor the gods with fruits"—for the Greeks, "fruits" would include the grain—and "Spare the animals" (Kerenyi, p128).
Triptolemus is also depicted as a young man with a branch or diadem placed in his hair, usually sitting on his winged chariot, adorned with serpents. His attributes include a plate of grain, a pair of wheat or barley ears and a
Celeus or the peasant Dysaules may be substituted for Triptolemus as the primordial Eleusinian recipient of the first gifts of the Mysteries.
*Kerenyi, Karl, 1967. "Eleusis: Aretypal Image of Mother and Daughter" (Princeton:Bollingen Series LXV.4)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
TRIPTOLEMUS — Eleusii, ut Hygino, Fab. 147. placet, aut, ut Pausan. l. 1. mavult, Celei Eleusini Regis et Mehalinae fil. qui primus in Graecia agriculturae rationem creditur invenisse. In infantia divinô lacte a Cerere nutritus; Alatis serpentibus dein… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Triptolemus — Triptolemos und Demeter auf einer rotfigurigen Vase Triptolemos war in der griechischen Mythologie der Sohn des Keleos von Eleusis und der Metaneira. Verbreiter des Ackerbaues und der Kultur überhaupt, Heros der Eleusinischen Mysterien. Der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Triptolemus — /trip tol euh meuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a favorite of Demeter and the inventor of the plow and patron of agriculture, connected with the Eleusinian mysteries. Also, Triptolemos. * * * … Universalium
TRIPTOLEMUS — in the Greek mythology the favourite of DEMETER (q.v.), the inventor of the plough, and of the civilisation therewith connected; played a prominent part in the Eleusinian Mysteries; was favoured by Demeter for the hospitality he showed her… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Triptolemus — /trɪpˈtɒləməs/ (say trip toluhmuhs) noun Greek Legend a favourite of Demeter; the inventor of the plough and patron of agriculture, and connected with the Eleusinian mysteries. Also, Triptolemos … Australian English dictionary
Triptolemus — /trip tol euh meuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a favorite of Demeter and the inventor of the plow and patron of agriculture, connected with the Eleusinian mysteries. Also, Triptolemos … Useful english dictionary
Hemeroplanes triptolemus — Taxobox name = Hemeroplanes triptolemus image width = 250px image caption = Hemeroplanes triptolemus , adult regnum = Animalia phylum = Arthropoda classis = Insecta ordo = Lepidoptera familia = Sphingidae genus = Hemeroplanes species = H.… … Wikipedia
ТРИПТОЛЕМ — • Triptolĕmus, см. Demeter, Деметра, 3 … Реальный словарь классических древностей
Demeter — For other meanings, see Demeter (disambiguation). Demeter Goddess of the Earth, Agriculture, Harvest, and Forests Abode Mount Olympus … Wikipedia
Eleusinian Mysteries — Topics in Greek mythology Gods Primordial gods and Titans Zeus and the Olympians Pan and the nymphs Apollo and Dionysus Sea gods and Earth gods Heroes Heracles and his Labors Achilles and the Trojan War … Wikipedia