1660 in England


1660 in England

Events from the year 1660 which occurred in the Kingdom of England.

Incumbents

*Monarch - (From 29 May) Charles II of England

Events

* 1 January
** Colonel George Monck with his regiment crosses from Scotland to England at the village of Coldstream and begins advance towards London in support of English Restoration. [cite web|url=http://www.thebookofdays.com/months/jan/1.htm|title=Chambers' Book of Days, January 1|accessdate=2007-12-09]
** Samuel Pepys begins his diary.cite book|title=Penguin Pocket On This Day|publisher=Penguin Reference Library|isbn=0-141-02715-0|year=2006]
* 3 February - George Monck and his regiment arrive in London.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 187-188|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]
* 27 February - John Thurloe reinstated as England's secretary of State for a short time.
* 16 March - The Long Parliament disbands.
* 4 April - Declaration of Breda promises amnesty, freedom of conscience, and army back pay, in return for the Restoration of the Crown.
* 25 April - Convention Parliament meets to discuss the Restoration.
* 1 May - The Parliament of England declares Prince Charles Stuart King Charles II of England.
* 15 May - John Thurloe arrested for high treason.
* 23 May - Charles II reaches the shores of his Kingdom.
* 29 May - Charles II arrives in London and assumes the throne, marking the beginning of the English Restoration. Oak Apple Day is set aside as a public holiday.
* 29 June - John Thurloe released.
* 27 August - The books of John Milton are burnt because of his attacks on King Charles II.
* 25 September - one of the earliest references to tea in England appears in Samuel Pepys's diary.
* 13 October - ten regicides who signed the death warrant of Charles I are hanged, drawn and quartered.
* 25 October - King Charles proposes that some Presbyterian ministers become bishops to heal rifts in the Church; the plan is later abandoned.
* 11 November - Imprisonment of John Bunyan for preaching without a licence.
* 28 November - At Gresham College, twelve men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Robert Moray meet after a lecture by Wren and decide to found "a College for the Promoting of Physico-Mathematicall Experimentall Learning" (later known as the Royal Society).

Undated

* Theatres reopened — Margaret Hughes debuts as the first female actor as Desdemona in "Othello". [cite book |title= The Hutchinson Factfinder |publisher= Helicon |year= 1999 |isbn= 1-85986-000-1 ]
* Robert Boyle publishes his landmark book "New Experiments Physico-Mechanicall, Touching the Spring of the Air and its Effects". The second edition in 1662 would contain the important Boyle's Law.
* King Charles II founds the Post Office.
* William Juxon enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.

Births

* 16 April - Hans Sloane, physician (died 1753)
* 28 May - King George I of Great Britain (died 1727)
* 29 May - Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, friend of Queen Anne (died 1744)
* 24 July - Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, politician (died 1718)
* September - Daniel Defoe, writer (died 1731)
* 20 October - Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, statesman (died 1723)

Deaths

* 25 April - Henry Hammond, churchman (born 1605)
* 1 June - Mary Dyer, Quaker (hanged) (born c. 1611)
* 30 June - William Oughtred, mathematician (born 1575)
* 18 September - Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester (born 1639)
* 14 October - Thomas Harrison, soldier (born 1606)
* 17 October - Adrian Scrope, regicide (born 1601)
* 5 November - Lucy Hay, Countess of Carlisle, socialite (born 1599)
* 24 December - Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (born 1631)
* Philip Skippon, soldier (year of birth unknown)

References

ee also


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