Robert Bakewell (farmer)

Robert Bakewell (farmer)

Robert Bakewell (1725 - 1795) was a revolutionary in the field of selective breeding. He was brought up at Dishley Grange, near Loughborough in Leicestershire.

Robert Bakewell was the first to breed cattle to be used for food. Before, the main use for cattle was for pulling ploughs, but he crossed long horned heifers and a Westmoreland bull to eventually create the Dishley Longhorn. He made this possible by allowing only the best animals to breed, increasing the weight of his sheep and also greatly improving the taste of mutton. As more and more farmers followed his lead, farm animals increased dramatically in size and quality. In 1700, the average weight of a castrated bull sold for slaughter was 370 pounds (168 kg). By 1786, that weight had more than doubled to 840 pounds (381 kg). However, after his death, the Dishley Longhorn was replaced with short horn versions.

He is best known for creating a breed of sheep known as the New Leicesters, also known as the English Leicester. These were much improved on previous sheep, but were later replaced with Border Leicester crosses, which had thicker wool and could withstand the British climate better. But they were only briefly popular as they were soon overtaken by the Southdown sheep developed by Thomas Coke even though he still remains one of the 'heroes' of the Agricultural Revolution.

Robert Bakewell bred the Improved Black Cart horse, which later became the Shire horse. This horse would become valuable throughout the country side as a way to increase water income to the farm. He also improved crop management through purpose-built watering systems.

New Dishley Society

The New Dishley Society has been created to promote the memory of Robert Bakewell and of his contemporaries and students of his methods. The society aims to disseminate knowledge of his work and appreciation of his pioneering legacy in the breeding of improved farm livestock and better crop management. It supports research into the revolutionary agricultural techniques of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries and into the men who developed these techniques.

External links

* [ The New Dishley Society]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Robert Bakewell — may refer to:* Robert Bakewell (farmer) (1725 1795), pioneering English farmer * Robert Bakewell (ironsmith) (1682 1752), English wrought ironsmith …   Wikipedia

  • Bakewell (disambiguation) — Bakewell may refer to:* Bakewell, Derbyshire, England * Traditional food originating there (definitions currently under discussion) : **Bakewell cake **Bakewell tartBakewell is also the name of: *Robert Bakewell (1725 1795), pioneering English… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Colling — (1749 March 7, 1820), and his brother Charles (1751 January 16, 1836), English stock breeders, famous for their improvement of the Shorthorn breed of cattle, were the sons of Charles Colling, a farmer of Ketton near Darlington. Their lives are… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Backwell — Robert Backwell, an English farmer of late 1700 s. showed how livestock could be improved by intensively breeding animals with desirable traits. Backwell produced improved varieties of horses, cattle and sheep. He became best known for developing …   Wikipedia

  • Bakewell, Robert — born 1725, Dishley, Leicestershire, Eng. died Oct. 1, 1795, Dishley English agriculturist. He revolutionized English sheep and cattle breeding by methodical selection, inbreeding, and culling. He was one of the first to breed sheep and cattle for …   Universalium

  • William Bakewell — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bakewell. William Bakewell …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Upton, Leicestershire — Upton, is a small hamlet on the Leicestershire and Warwickshire border west of Shenton and south east of Sibson.The local area is predominately agricultural. Upton is a ribbon development with a mixture of Georgian, Victorian and more modern… …   Wikipedia

  • Leicestershire — For the former parliamentary constituency, see Leicestershire (UK Parliament constituency). Leicestershire Motto of County Council: For ard, For ard …   Wikipedia

  • British Agricultural Revolution — The British Agricultural Revolution describes a period of development in Britain between the 18th century and the end of the 19th century, which saw a massive increase in agricultural productivity and net output. This in turn supported… …   Wikipedia

  • Domestic sheep — taxobox name = Domestic sheep status = DOM image width = 250px image caption = A research flock at U.S. Sheep Experiment Station near Dubois, Idaho regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Artiodactyla familia = Bovidae… …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»