Islam during the Song Dynasty


Islam during the Song Dynasty

The change in dynasty in China from the Tang to the dynasties that included the Song Dynasty did not greatly interrupt the trends of Muslims established during the Tang.

Islam continues to increase its influence

Many Muslims began to go to China to trade during the Tang Dynasty. During the Song Dynasty, Muslims began to have a greater economic impact and influence on the country. During the Song Dynasty (960-1279), Muslims in China dominated foreign trade and the import/export industry to the south and west. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/history/china_1.shtml BBC Religion and Ethics ISLAM Origins] ] Indeed, the office of Director General of Shipping for China's great seaport of Quanzhou was consistently held by a Muslim during this period. [ [http://islamic-world.net/islamic-state/islam_in_china.htm ISLAM IN CHINA] ]

Migration of Muslims to China

In 1070, the Song emperor, Shen-tsung (Shenzong) invited 5,300 Arab men from Bukhara, to settle in China. The emperor used these men in his campaign against the Liao empire in the northeast. Later on these men were settled between the Sung capital of Kaifeng and Yenching (Yanjing, modern day Beijing). The object was to create a buffer zone between the Chinese and the Liao. In 1080, 10,000 Arab men and women migrated to China on horseback and settled in all of the provinces of the north and north-east. [Israeli (2002), pg. 283-4]

The Arabs from Bukhara were under the leadership of Prince Amir Sayyid "So-fei-er" (his Chinese name). The prince was later given an honorary title. He is reputed of being the "father" of the Muslim community in China. Prior to him Islam was named by the Tang and Song Chinese as "Dashi fa" ("law of the Arabs") (Tashi or Dashi is the Chinese rendering of Tazi--the name the Persian people used for the Arabs). [Israeli, Raphael (2002). "Islam in China". United States of America: Lexington Books. ISBN 073910375X.] . He renamed it to "Huihui Jiao" ("the Religion of the Huihui"). [Israeli (2002), pg. 284]

Notes

ee also

* Ma Yize


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