Igor Tamm


Igor Tamm

Infobox Scientist
name = Igor Tamm
box_width =


imagesize = 180px
caption = Igor Tamm
birth_date = July 8 1895
birth_place = Vladivostok, Russian Empire
death_date = April 12 1971
death_place = MoscowRussia
nationality = Russia
field = Physics
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = Cherenkov-Vavilov effect
influences =
influenced =
prizes = Nobel Prize in Physics, 1958
religion =
footnotes =

Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm (Russian "И́горь Евге́ньевич Та́мм") (July 8 1895 – April 12 1971) was a Soviet physicist, mathematician and a Nobel laureate.

Biography

Tamm was born in Vladivostok, Russian Empire (now Russia), studied at the grammar school in Elisavetgrad (now Kirovohrad, Ukraine). In 1913-1914 he studied at the University of Edinburgh together with his gymnasium school friend Boris Hessen. He then moved to the Moscow State University from which graduated in 1918. In 1928 Igor Tamm spent a few months with Paul Ehrenfest at the University of Leiden.

In 1945 he developed an approximation method for many-body physics. As Sidney Dancoff developed it independently in 1950, it is now called the Tamm-Dancoff approximation.

He was the Nobel Laureate in Physics for the year 1958 together with Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov and Ilya Mikhailovich Frank for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov-Vavilov effect.

In 1951 together with Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov proposed a tokamak system of the realization of CTF on the basis of toroidal magnetic thermonuclear reactor and soon after the first such devices were built by the [http://www.kiae.ru/eng/str/inf/oinsi.htm INF] , resulting the T-3 Soviet magnetic confinement device from 1968, when the plasma parameters unique for that time were obtained, of showing the temperatures in their machine to be over an order of magnitude higher than what was expected by the rest of the community. The western scientists visited the experiment and verified the high temperatures and confinement, sparking a wave of optimism for the prospects of the tokamak as well as construction of new experiments, which is still the dominant magnetic confinement device today.

Tamm died in Moscow, Soviet Union (now Russia).Lunar crater Tamm is named after him.

Tamm was a student of Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam in science and life.

References

* L. I. Mandelshtam, I. E. Tamm " [http://daarb.narod.ru/mandtamm-eng.html The uncertainty relation between energy and time in nonrelativistic quantum mechanics] ", Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR (ser. fiz.) 9, 122-128 (1945). English translation: J. Phys. (USSR) 9, 249-254 (1945).


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Igor Tamm — Igor Tamm, 1958 Igor Jewgenjewitsch Tamm (russisch Игорь Евгеньевич Тамм, wiss. Transliteration Igor Evgen evič Tamm; * 8. Juli 1895 in Wladiwostok; † 12. April 1971 in Moskau) war ein russischer Physiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Igor Tamm — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tamm. Igor Tamm Илья Михайлович Франк Igor Ievgenievitch Tamm Naissance 8 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Igor Tamm — noun Russian physicist (1895 1971) • Syn: ↑Tamm, ↑Igor Yevgeneevich Tamm • Instance Hypernyms: ↑nuclear physicist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Igor Tamm — n. (1895 1971) Russian physicist, winner of the 1958 Nobel prize in Physics (together with Ilya Mikhailovich Frank and Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Igor Jewgenjewitsch Tamm — Igor Tamm, 1958 Igor Jewgenjewitsch Tamm (russisch Игорь Евгеньевич Тамм, wiss. Transliteration Igor Evgen evič Tamm; * 26. Junijul./ 8. Juli 1895gre …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Igor Evgenyevich Tamm — Igor Tamm Igor Tamm Igor Ievgenievitch Tamm (en russe Игорь Евгеньевич Тамм, transcription littérale : Igor Evgen evich Tamm), né le 8 juillet 1895 à Vladivostok et mort à Moscou le 12 avril 1971, est un physicien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Igor Ievgenievitch Tamm — Igor Tamm Igor Tamm Igor Ievgenievitch Tamm (en russe Игорь Евгеньевич Тамм, transcription littérale : Igor Evgen evich Tamm), né le 8 juillet 1895 à Vladivostok et mort à Moscou le 12 avril 1971, est un physicien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm — Igor Tamm Igor Tamm Igor Ievgenievitch Tamm (en russe Игорь Евгеньевич Тамм, transcription littérale : Igor Evgen evich Tamm), né le 8 juillet 1895 à Vladivostok et mort à Moscou le 12 avril 1971, est un physicien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ígor Tam — Retrato de 1958 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tamm (disambiguation) — Tamm may refer to: People * Henric Tamm (1869 1936), Swedish finance minister 1920 1921 * Igor Tamm (1895 1971), Soviet physicist, recipient of the 1958 Nobel Prize for Physics * Jüri Tamm (b. 1957), Estonian hammer thrower * Mary Tamm (b. 1950) …   Wikipedia


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