- Once (film)
Theatrical release poster
Directed by John Carney Produced by Martina Niland Written by John Carney Starring Glen Hansard
Music by Glen Hansard
Cinematography Tim Fleming Editing by Paul Mullen Studio Bórd Scannán na hÉireann
Distributed by Fox Searchlight Pictures Release date(s) March 23, 2007 Running time 85 minutes Country Ireland Language English Budget €130,000 (approx. US$160,000) Box office $20,710,513
Once is a 2006 Irish musical film written and directed by John Carney. Set in Dublin, this naturalistic drama stars musicians Glen Hansard (of popular Irish folk rock band The Frames) and Markéta Irglová as musicians. Collaborators prior to making the film, Hansard and Irglová composed and performed all of the original songs in the movie.
Shot for only €130,000 (US$160,000), the film was successful, earning substantial per-screen box office averages in the United States. It received enthusiastic reviews and awards such as the 2007 Independent Spirit Award for best foreign film. Hansard and Irglová's song "Falling Slowly" received a 2007 Academy Award for Best Original Song and the soundtrack as a whole also received a Grammy nomination.
Once spent years in development with the Irish Film Board. It was during a period where the film board had no chief executive (for about 6 months) that the film was given the go-ahead by a lower level executive on the proviso that the producers could make it on a budget of approximately 150,000 euros and not the initial higher budget.
An unnamed, thirty-something Dublin busker (listed in the credits as "Guy", played by Glen Hansard) sings and plays guitar on Grafton Street, a Dublin shopping district. He struggles with the trials of performing on the street, including chasing after a heroin addict (Darren Healy) who attempts to steal his earnings. Lured by his music, an unnamed young Czech immigrant flower seller (listed in the credits as "Girl", played by Markéta Irglová) approaches him and, despite his annoyance, persists in questioning him about his songs. Delighted to learn that he also repairs vacuum cleaners in his father's shop, she insists that he fix her broken cleaner.
The next day she brings her Hoover by and parlays it into lunch together, whereupon she piques his interest by telling him that she is a musician, too. He asks to hear her play, so they visit a music store where she regularly plays piano. After teaching her one of his songs ("Falling Slowly"), which she quickly learns to play, they sing and play the song together, kindling a musical and potentially romantic connection. He invites her and her ailing vacuum back to his father's shop, and on the bus home musically answers her question as to what his songs are about: a long-time girlfriend who cheated on him, then left ("Broken Hearted Hoover Fixer Sucker Guy").
At the shop, he repairs her vacuum and she meets his father (Bill Hodnett), who seems indifferent to his son's musical talent. The Guy takes the Girl up to his room, but when he asks her to stay the night, she is insulted and leaves. The next day, he apologizes and they quickly patch things up, as over the course of a week they excitedly write, rehearse and record songs, and get to know each other. Songs continue to be performed in a real-world, diegetic fashion, often in their entirety, as when the Girl rehearses her lyrics for one of the Guy's songs (which she entitles "If You Want Me"), singing to herself while walking down the street, or when at a party, people perform impromptu (including "Gold", performed by a trio featuring guitarist Hansard singing harmony).
Their flirtation continues, but at the same time, he is thinking about and writing about ("Lies") his ex-girlfriend (Marcella Plunkett), who moved to London. The Girl encourages him to move there, win his girlfriend back and pursue his musical career. Invited home to dinner by the Girl to a house set in Mountjoy Square, the Guy discovers that she has a toddler (Kate Haugh) and lives with her mother (Danuse Ktrestova). He soon decides that it is time to move to London, but he wants to make a high-quality demo of his songs to take with him and asks the Girl to record it with him. She takes the lead as they secure a bank loan - from a bank where the loan officer (Sean Miller) is a musical hobbyist—and reserve time at a professional studio.
On a romantic motorbike jaunt aboard his father's 1966 6T Triumph Thunderbird, she reveals, much to his consternation, that she is married, though her estranged husband is back in the Czech Republic. When Guy asks if she still loves her husband, she answers in Czech, "Miluju tebe", but coyly declines to translate what she said. In the Czech language it means "It is you I love." After recruiting a trio of musicians (Gerard Hendrick, Alaistair Foley, Hugh Walsh), they rehearse, then go into the studio to record. Their lack of experience shows, but they quickly impress the jaded studio engineer Eamon (Geoff Minogue) once they begin recording their first song ("When Your Mind's Made Up"). On a break in the wee hours of the morning, the Girl finds a piano in an empty studio and finally plays the Guy one of her own compositions ("The Hill"), which tells of romantic frustration. She breaks down before finishing the song and he responds by asking her to come with him to London, but is not prepared for the reality of her mother coming along to help with the baby.
Still, he is smitten. After the all-night session wraps up successfully, they walk home. Before they part ways, the Girl reveals that she spoke to her husband and he is coming to live with her in Dublin. The Guy asks her to spend his last night in Dublin with him; she says that it would only result in "hanky-panky", which is a "bad idea", but after the Guy's pestering she ultimately agrees to come over. In the end, she stands him up and he cannot find her to say goodbye before his flight. He plays the demo for his father, who, moved and impressed, gives him money to help him get settled in London. Before leaving for the airport, the Guy buys the Girl a piano (a Petrof) and makes arrangements for its delivery, then calls his ex-girlfriend, who is happy about his imminent arrival. The Girl's husband (Senan Haugh) moves to Dublin and they reunite.
Neither of the two leads are a trained or experienced actor; Hansard and Irglová are both professional musicians. Director Carney, former bassist for Hansard's band The Frames, had asked his long-time friend to share busker anecdotes and compose songs for the film, but had intended the male lead to be played by actor Cillian Murphy, who was an almost-signed rock musician before turning to acting. Murphy was also going to be one of the film's producers. But Murphy declined the prospect of acting opposite non-actor Irglová (then 17 years old) and also felt that he hadn't the vocal capabilities to belt out Hansard's octave-leaping songs, so he pulled out, as did the film's other producers along with their financial resources. Carney then turned to songwriter Hansard, who'd previously done only one acting job, a supporting role as guitarist Outspan Foster in the 1991 ensemble film The Commitments, the story of a Dublin soul music cover band. Hansard was initially reluctant, fearing that he wouldn't be able to pull it off, but after stipulating that he had to be fully involved in the filmmaking process and that it be low-budget and intimate, he agreed.
Produced with a shoestring budget, about 75% of the budget was funded by Bord Scannán na hÉireann (The Irish Film Board), plus some of Carney's own money. The director gave his salary to the two stars, and promised a share of the back-end for everyone if the film was a success. Shot with a skeleton crew on a 17-day shoot, the filmmakers saved money by using natural light and shooting at friends' houses. The musical party scene was filmed in Hansard's own flat, with his personal friends playing the partygoers/musicians—his mother, Catherine Hansard, is briefly featured singing solo. The Dublin street scenes were recorded without permits and with a long lens so that many passersby didn't even realize that a film was being made. The long lens also helped the non-professional actors relax and forget about the camera, and some of the dialogue ended up being improvised.
During the shoot, Carney had predicted a romance, calling Hansard and Irglová his Bogart and Bacall. Hansard and Irglová did become a couple in real life, getting together while on a promotional tour across North America, and living together in Dublin, in Hansard's flat. Entertainment Weekly reported,
“ The chemistry between (the) two leads ... was easy to produce during the January 2006 shoot in Dublin. "I had been falling in love with her for a long time, but I kept telling myself she's just a kid", says Hansard, 37, who has known his 19-year-old costar for the past six years. (The two are now dating.) "There was definitely the feeling we were documenting something precious and private." ”
Subsequently, Hansard indicated that that they were no longer a romantic couple. He said, "Of course, we fell into each other's arms. It was a very necessary part of our friendship but I think we both concluded that that wasn't what we really wanted to do. So we're not together now. We are just really good friends."
Yet Hansard and Irglová were quite happy with the unrequited ending for their onscreen characters. In an interview, Hansard states that "Had Fox Searchlight Pictures changed it, had they changed the end and made us kiss, I wouldn't be interested in coming and promoting it, at all." Hansard says that ad-libbing produced the moment where Irglova's character tells the Guy in unsubtitled Czech, "No, I love you", but when it was shot, he didn't know what she'd said, just like his character.
Both Hansard and Irglova give the impression in interviews that they are unlikely to pursue further acting. Irglova has spoken about being nervous in front of a crew, saying "I don't think I would be a good actress, overall", and Hansard generally refers to the movie as a one-off, talking of "moving on... living a different life".
Hansard and Irglová are currently releasing music and touring together as The Swell Season. On Saturday April 16, 2011, they played the Coachella music festival in Indio, California.
Once Soundtrack album by
Glen Hansard and Markéta Irglová,
Released May 22, 2007 Genre Folk rock Length 43:37 Label Canvasback,
Sony Music Soundtrax
Producer Glen Hansard
The soundtrack album was released on May 22, 2007 in the U.S. and on May 26 in Ireland.
A collector's edition of the soundtrack was released on December 4, 2007 with additional songs and a bonus DVD with live performances and interviews about the film. The additional songs were two previously unreleased Van Morrison covers: Hansard's "And the Healing Has Begun", and Hansard and Irglová's "Into the Mystic".
Different versions of a few of the soundtrack's songs were previously released on The Frames' album The Cost and on Hansard and Irglová's The Swell Season (both released in 2006). An early version of the last track, "Say It to Me Now", originally appeared on The Frames' 1995 album Fitzcarraldo. "All the Way Down" first appeared on the self-titled album from musician collective The Cake Sale, with Gemma Hayes providing vocals. The song "Gold" was written by Irish singer-songwriter Fergus O'Farrell and performed by Interference.
- Track listing
All songs written and composed by Glen Hansard, except where noted.
No. Title Performer(s) Length 1. "Falling Slowly" (Glen Hansard, Markéta Irglová) Glen Hansard and Markéta Irglová 4:04 2. "If You Want Me" (Irglová) Irglová and Hansard 3:48 3. "Broken Hearted Hoover Fixer Sucker Guy" Hansard 0:53 4. "When Your Mind's Made Up" Hansard and Irglová 3:41 5. "Lies" (Hansard, Irglová) Hansard and Irglová 3:59 6. "Gold" (Fergus O'Farrell) Interference 3:59 7. "The Hill" (Irglová) Irglová 4:35 8. "Fallen from the Sky" Hansard 3:25 9. "Leave" Hansard 2:46 10. "Trying to Pull Myself Away" Hansard 3:36 11. "All the Way Down" Hansard 2:39 12. "Once" Hansard and Irglová 3:39 13. "Say It to Me Now" Hansard 2:35 14. "And the Healing Has Begun" (Van Morrison, Collector's Edition only) Hansard 5:19 15. "Into the Mystic" (Morrison, Collector's Edition only) Hansard and Irglová 4:21
"Falling Slowly" won the 2007 Academy Award for Best Original Song. Hansard had jokingly stated that when they finished recording the song he announced, "and the Oscar for best song goes to...". The nomination's eligibility for the Oscar was initially questioned, as versions of the song had been released on The Cost and The Swell Season albums, but this was resolved before the voting for the award took place. The AMPAS music committee satisfied themselves that the song had indeed been written for the film and determined that, in the course of the film's protracted production, the composers had "played the song in some venues that were deemed inconsequential enough to not change the song’s eligibility".
The soundtrack was nominated for two 2008 Grammy Awards, under Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media and, for "Falling Slowly", Best Song Written for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media. It won the Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Music., and it was ranked at number two on the Entertainment Weekly 25 New Classic Soundtrack Albums list (1983–2008).
The soundtrack album reached #20 on the Irish Albums Chart in its first week, peaking at #15 a few weeks later. Following the Oscar win, the album reached the top of the chart, while "Falling Slowly" reached a new peak of #2.
In the U.S., it ranked as the #10 soundtrack on June 1. As of July 11, 2007, the album has sold 54,753 copies in the US. The album reached #27 on the Billboard 200 according to Allmusic. It also reached #2 on the Soundtracks Chart and #4 on the Independent Chart.
Charts and certifications
Chart (2010) Peak Certification Sales/
German Albums Chart 40 - -
Box office performance and awards
A rough cut premiered at the 2006 Galway Film Fleadh, but the film was subsequently turned down by several prestigious European film festivals. However, it secured spots at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival and the Dublin Film Festival and received the audience awards at both events in early 2007.
After its second weekend in release in the United States and Canada, the film topped the 23 May 2007 indieWIRE box office chart with nearly $31,000 average per location. As of 28 March 2009, Once has grossed nearly $9.5 million in North America and over $20 million worldwide. After 2007's box office success and critical acclaim, it won the 2008 Independent Spirit Award for best foreign film. Steven Spielberg was quoted as saying "A little movie called Once gave me enough inspiration to last the rest of the year". When informed of Spielberg's comments, director John Carney told Sky News, "in the end of the day, he's just a guy with a beard". At the time of this interview, Carney himself was also wearing a beard.
Glen Hansard and Markéta Irglová would reprise their roles in The Simpsons episode "In the Name of the Grandfather".
Once was met with extremely high positive reviews from critics. Upon its March 2007 release in Ireland, RTÉ's Caroline Hennessy gave the film 4 out of 5 stars and termed it "an unexpected treasure". About the acting, this Irish reviewer commented, "Once has wonderfully natural performances from the two leads. Although musicians first and actors second, they acquit themselves well in both areas. Irglová, a largely unknown quantity alongside the well-known and either loved or loathed Hansard, is luminous." Michael Dwyer of The Irish Times gave the film the same rating, calling it "irresistibly appealing" and noting that "Carney makes the point - without ever labouring it - that his protagonists are living in a changing city where the economic boom has passed them by. His keen eye for authentic locations is ... evident".
In May, Ebert & Roeper, both Richard Roeper and guest critic Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune gave enthusiastic reviews. Phillips called it, "the most charming thing I've seen all year", "the Brief Encounter for the 21st century", his favorite music film since 1984's Stop Making Sense and said, "It may well be the best music film of our generation". Roeper referred to the film's recording studio scene as "more inspirational and uplifting than almost any number of Dreamgirls or Chicago or any of those multi-zillion dollar musical showstopping films. In its own way, it will blow you away." Once won very high marks from U.S. critics; it is rated 97% "fresh" by the film review aggregation site Rotten Tomatoes and scored a grade of 88 ("universal acclaim") according to Metacritic.
In late 2007, Amy Simmons of Time Out London wrote, "Carney’s highly charged, urban mise-en-scène with its blinking street lamps, vacant shops and dishevelled bed-sits provides ample poetic backdrop for the film’s lengthy tracking shots, epitomised in a sequence where the Girl walks to the corner shop in pyjamas and slippers while listening to one of the Guy’s songs on her personal stereo. With outstanding performances from Hansard and new-comer Irglová, Carney has created a sublime, visual album of unassuming and self-assured eloquence." The Telegraph's Sukhdev Sandhu said, "Not since Before Sunset has a romantic film managed to be as touching, funny or as hard to forget as Once. Like Before Sunset, it never outstays its welcome, climaxing on a note of rare charm and unexpectedness."
The film appeared on many North American critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2007:
- 1st - Michael Phillips, The Chicago Tribune
- 1st - Nathan Rabin, The A.V. Club
- 2nd - David Germain, Associated Press
- 2nd - Kevin Crust, Los Angeles Times
- 2nd - Kyle Smith, New York Post
- 2nd - Shawn Levy, The Oregonian
- 2nd - Roger Moore, The Orlando Sentinel
- 2nd - Robert Butler, Kansas City Star
- 2nd - Staff, Paste Magazine
- 3rd - Christy Lemire, Associated Press
- 3rd - Tasha Robinson, The A.V. Club
- 3rd - Andrew Gray, Tribune Chronicle
- 3rd - Sean Means, Salt Lake Tribune
- 4th - Keith Phipps, The A.V. Club
- 4th - Christopher Kelly, Star Telegram
- 5th - Ann Hornaday, The Washington Post
- 5th - Desson Thomson, The Washington Post
- 5th - Noel Murray, The A.V. Club
- 6th - Ella Taylor, LA Weekly
- 6th - Nick Digilio, WGN-AM
- 7th - Claudia Puig, USA Today
- 7th - Dana Stevens, Slate
- 7th - Scott Tobias, The A.V. Club
- 7th - Scott Mantz, Access Hollywood
- 7th - Craig Outhier, Orange County Register
- 8th - Liam Lacey and Rick Groen, The Globe and Mail
- 8th - Owen Gleiberman, Entertainment Weekly
- 8th - Stephanie Zacharek, Salon
- 9th - Joe Morgenstern, The Wall Street Journal
- 9th - Michael Rechtshaffen, The Hollywood Reporter
- 9th - Richard Roeper, At the Movies with Ebert & Roeper
- 9th - Kenneth Turan, Los Angeles Times
- 9th - Carina Chocano, Los Angeles Times
- 9th - James Verniere, Boston Herald
- 10th - Bob Mondello, NPR
- 10th - Peter Vonder Haar, Film Threat
Fox Home Entertainment released the Region 2 DVD in November 2007 and the Region 1 DVD on December 18. Special features include film and musical commentaries from the director and stars, a free download of "Falling Slowly", and several featurettes.
- ^ a b http://boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=once.htm
- ^ a b Weisman, Jon. "Once Upon a Time", Variety, July 18, 2007. Accessed 11 August 2007.
- ^ IMDb box office information
- ^ a b Entertainment Weekly: "'Once' a Hero" from Jun 14, 2007.
- ^ a b Once at Rotten Tomatoes
- ^ a b Metacritic entry for Once
- ^ MovieZone.cz | Once (2006) | Recenze
- ^ Scott, A. O. "Movie Review: Once", The New York Times, 16 May 2007. Accessed 21 April 2008.
- ^ CHUD.com cast and director interview from May 14, 2007
- ^ O'Hagan, Sean. "'I just want to challenge myself with each role'", The Observer, 11 June 2006. Accessed 8 August 2006.
- ^ a b c The Gazette from April 14, 2007
- ^ a b YouTube interview 3 of 4 with Glen Hansard and Marketa Irglova
- ^ du Lac, J. Freedom. "Making a Name for Themselves: 'Once's' Guy and Girl, In Tune On- and Off-Screen, Shed Their Anonymity", The Washington Post, 17 February 2008. Accessed 21 April 2008.
- ^ http://www.smh.com.au/news/entertainment/tempting-fame/2009/01/22/1232471466567.html?page=fullpage#contentSwap1
- ^ Pedersen, Erik. Once Is Not Enough: Summer's Secret Smash - Interview with Glen Hansard, E! Online, August 24, 2007. Accessed January 14, 2008.
- ^ a b Once video interview with stv.tv
- ^ The Frames' discography at Irish Music Central
- ^ a b AllMusicGuide.com
- ^ "Winner: Music (Song)", Oscars.com. Accessed 28 February 2007.
- ^ Hickey, Shane. "Oscar song gets 'Once' over as its eligibility is questioned", Irish Independent, January 28, 2008. Accessed January 28, 2008.
- ^ Carr, David. "Once Again, a Legit Nominee", The Carpetbagger blog at The New York Times, January 29, 2008. Accessed January 29, 2008.
- ^ "50th annual Grammy Awards nominations (part II)", Variety, 6 December 2007. Accessed 10 December 2007.
- ^ L.A. critics call for 'Blood', Variety, 9 December 2007.
- ^ "25 New Classic Soundtrack Albums" Entertainment Weekly, 17 June 2008. Accessed 12 August 2008.
- ^ "Top 50 Singles"/"Top 100 Individual Artist Albums", Irish Recorded Music Association. Accessed 8 March 2007.
- ^ Billboard from the June 9, 2007 issue
- ^ Certification award levels IFPI. Retrieved August, 2009.
- ^ http://www.mtv.de/charts/album50
- ^ Dawtrey, Adam. "Once director remains close to roots: Carney to make Zonad before Fox's House", Variety, 17 August 2007. Accessed 1 March 2008.
- ^ a b Dwyer, Michael. "Street sweethearts", The Irish Times, 23 March 2007. Accessed 1 March 2008.
- ^ indieWIRE box office chart from May 23, 2007.
- ^ Kilday, Gregg. "Indie Spirits: Juno wins best feature", The Hollywood Reporter, 24 February 2007. Accessed 1 March 2008.
- ^ Willmore, Alison. "The Winners of the 2007 Spirit Awards", IFC.com, 23 February 2008. Accessed 1 March 2008.
- ^ Breznican, Anthony. "'Once' isn't enough: Film gets marketing push", USA Today, 7 August 2007. Accessed 9 August 2007.
- ^ Hennessy, Caroline. "Once". RTÉ.ie, 22 March 2007. Accessed 1 March 2008.
- ^ Ebert & Roeper review from the weekend of 18 May 2007
- ^ Simmons, Amy. "Once", Time Out London, October 17–23, 2007. Accessed 1 March 2008.
- ^ "Film reviews: Rendition and Once", The Telegraph, 19 October 2007. Accessed 1 March 2008.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Metacritic: 2007 Film Critic Top Ten Lists, Metacritic. Accessed 5 January 2008.
- ^ a b Germain, David and Lemire, Christy. "No Country for Old Men earns nod from AP critics", Associated Press via Columbia Daily Tribune, December 27, 2007. Accessed December 31, 2007.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "The 2007 Top Tens: The Critics", MovieCityNews.com. Accessed 1 May 2008.
- ^ WGN Radio - "Best Of" Lists
- ^ http://www.ew.com/ew/gallery/0,,20224567_22,00.html
- ^ Foster, Dave. "Region 1 DVD release of Once", DVDTimes.co.uk, October 12, 2007. Accessed October 28, 2007.
- Icon Movies' Official U.K. Once Website
- Fox Searchlight's Official U.S. Once Website (plays complete soundtrack - music starts when page loads)
- Once at the Internet Movie Database
- Once at AllRovi
- Once at Rotten Tomatoes
- Once and Other Irish Films
- Interview with Marketa Irglová (in Italian) - ilsussidiario.net at 
- Interview with Hansard and Irglová at Janaki's Musings
- Interview with John Carney at Janaki's Musings
- "Movie Review: Once", Entertainment Weekly review by Owen Gleiberman (May 15, 2007)
- "Once: 3.5 out of 4 stars", Rolling Stone review by Peter Travers (May 17, 2007)
- "Movie Review: Once", stv.tv
"I Need to Wake Up" by Melissa Etheridge
Academy Award for Best Original Song
80th Academy Awards
"Jai Ho" by A. R. Rahman
Back to Black by Amy Winehouse
Irish Albums Chart number-one album
February 28, 2008
Rockferry by Duffy
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