- National Glass Centre
The National Glass Centre is a cultural venue and visitor attraction located in Sunderland, North East England.
The National Glass Centre is located in Monkwearmouth, on the north banks of the River Wear, on the former site of J.L. Thompson and Sons shipyard. The centre is close to the site of St. Peter's Church, part of the original Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Priory built in 674. It was here that Benedict Biscop introduced glass making into Britain, by hiring French glaziers to make the windows for the priory. The glass-making industry exploded in the eighteenth century, driven by an abundance of cheap coal and high-quality imported sand. Sunderland glass became known throughout the country. In later years, the Pyrex brand of glassware was manufactured in Sunderland. In 2007, the last two remaining glass firms in Sunderland - Corning Glass Works and Arc International (who make Pyrex) - announced they would close.
Despite the decline in the industry, in 1998 the centre was opened for £17 million. It was funded by the Arts Council in conjunction with the University of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear Development Corporation, European Regional Development Fund and Sunderland City Council. The centre, located alongside the university's St. Peter's campus, continued the regeneration of the banks of the Wear.
The National Glass Centre is constructed from glass and steel. It has a glass roof that people can walk around and look down into the centre below. There is a total of 3,250 square metres of glass on the roof, and it can hold 4,600 people on at any one time. Each glass panel on the roof is 6 cm thick.
The centre is a museum dedicated to the history of glass-making, with numerous exhibitions and galleries. Visitors can also watch glass being made in the centre. A number of artists are located on site, and their work can be purchased by visitors in the glass shop.
Since August 2006, National Glass Centre dropped its admission fee and is currently free to visit. Since the drop in admission fee, the centre has seen a rapid increase in visitors. It has also played host to many prestigious events including the 2007 North East Tourism Awards and T4 Transmission with T-Mobile.
Financial trouble and criticism
Since the centre opened it has failed to meet targets on visitor numbers. Visitor numbers of 100,000 per year were some way short of the target of 250,000 visitors per year. The centre receives regular funding from the Arts Council England - including one of £700,000 - prompting a National Audit Office report to judge that it was "over-funded". Despite this, the site continues to receive a quarter of a million pound grant annually by the Arts Council and the City Council and in 2002 was losing £100,000 per year. The problems of low attendance and overly optimistic income generation the Centre experienced have been shared by other lottery funded cultural attractions in the North East such at the Arc Centre in Stockton (which went into liquidation in 2003) and nearby Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art.
Connection to Place - Tim Shaw June - August 2010
Beautifully Crafted - 25 September 2008 - 22 February 2009
The Dark Glass - 6 - 28 September 2008
Art Forms from the Ocean - 11 April - 31 August 2008
Neon - 1 December 2007 - 24 March 2008
One-off Factory, featuring Mathias Bengtsson and Anne Vibeke Mou - 6 October - 18 November 2007
North + South - 1 July - 23 September 2007
Lynette Wallworth - 17 March - 17 June 2007
Snowdomes - 25 November 2006 - 4 March 2007
Lybensky & Brychtova (What then Shall we Choose? Weight or Lightness?) - 17 July - 12 November 2006
Wearing Glass - 12 May - 9 July 2006
Trip the Light Fantastic - 10 February - 30 April 2006
- ^ "End of an era threat for glass making". BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/wear/content/articles/2007/01/18/sunderland_glass_feature.shtml. Retrieved 2007-01-28.
- ^ a b c d "Glass centre facing fresh crisis". BBC News. 1 April 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/wear/3589099.stm. Retrieved 2007-01-28.
- ^ "Stereophonics and Thrills head for Sunderland". Sunderland Echo. http://www.sunderlandecho.com/news/Stereophonics-and-Thrills-head-for.3253124.jp. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- ^ a b "Financial support for glass museum". BBC News. 21 June 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/2058006.stm. Retrieved 2007-01-28.
- ^ "Shame of varsity boss". Sunderland Echo. 2005-08-23. http://www.sunderlandecho.com/news/Shame-of-varsity-boss.1123322.jp. Retrieved 2007-10-03.
Education Places of InterestSunderland Museum and Winter Gardens · Stadium of Light · Penshaw Monument · National Glass Centre · Sunderland Empire · St Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth · Sunderland International Airshow · Washington Old Hall · Monkwearmouth Station Museum · Sunderland Aquatic Centre · Crowtree Leisure Centre · The Bridges · WWT Washington Local Media Twinned Places Sport
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